Business demography, European standard; legal form, SIC2008

Business demography, European standard; legal form, SIC2008

SIC 2008 Legal forms Periods Enterprises Total (aantal) Enterprises Births (aantal) Enterprises Deaths (aantal) Enterprise population Persons employed (aantal) Enterprise population Employees (aantal) Newly born enterprises Persons employed (aantal) Newly born enterprises Employees (aantal) Non-surviving enterprises Persons employed (aantal) Non-surviving enterprises Employees (aantal)
643 Investment funds Total legal forms all nationalities 2020* . . . . . . . . .
643 Investment funds Sole proprietorship 2020* . . . . . . . . .
643 Investment funds Limited liability enterprises 2020* . . . . . . . . .
643 Investment funds Partnership, etc. 2020* . . . . . . . . .
L Renting, buying, selling real estate Total legal forms all nationalities 2020* 31,609 2,302 1,890 78,346 56,133 887 144 616 48
L Renting, buying, selling real estate Sole proprietorship 2020* 8,397 702 656 8,550 1,295 . . 333 .
L Renting, buying, selling real estate Limited liability enterprises 2020* 16,359 1,161 834 33,318 27,002 202 128 44 .
L Renting, buying, selling real estate Partnership, etc. 2020* 6,853 439 400 36,478 27,837 . . 240 .
68 Renting, buying, selling real estate Total legal forms all nationalities 2020* 31,609 2,302 1,890 78,346 56,133 887 144 616 48
68 Renting, buying, selling real estate Sole proprietorship 2020* 8,397 702 656 8,550 1,295 . . 333 .
68 Renting, buying, selling real estate Limited liability enterprises 2020* 16,359 1,161 834 33,318 27,002 202 128 44 .
68 Renting, buying, selling real estate Partnership, etc. 2020* 6,853 439 400 36,478 27,837 . . 240 .
681 Buying and selling own real estate Total legal forms all nationalities 2020* 5,509 386 320 6,561 3,985 86 24 36 0
681 Buying and selling own real estate Sole proprietorship 2020* 322 18 30 297 22 . 0 15 0
681 Buying and selling own real estate Limited liability enterprises 2020* 4,519 317 249 5,337 3,817 43 24 2 0
681 Buying and selling own real estate Partnership, etc. 2020* 668 51 41 927 147 . 0 19 0
6810 Buying and selling own real estate Total legal forms all nationalities 2020* 5,509 386 320 6,561 3,985 86 24 36 0
6810 Buying and selling own real estate Sole proprietorship 2020* . . . . . . . . .
6810 Buying and selling own real estate Limited liability enterprises 2020* . . . . . . . . .
6810 Buying and selling own real estate Partnership, etc. 2020* . . . . . . . . .
682 Renting of real estate Total legal forms all nationalities 2020* 7,793 391 502 37,395 30,737 225 29 195 .
682 Renting of real estate Sole proprietorship 2020* 1,970 115 152 2,018 300 57 . 78 .
682 Renting of real estate Limited liability enterprises 2020* 2,571 130 167 5,476 4,661 37 . 4 .
682 Renting of real estate Partnership, etc. 2020* 3,252 146 183 29,902 25,775 132 0 113 9
6820 Renting of real estate Total legal forms all nationalities 2020* 7,793 391 502 37,395 30,737 225 29 195 .
6820 Renting of real estate Sole proprietorship 2020* . . . . . . . . .
6820 Renting of real estate Limited liability enterprises 2020* . . . . . . . . .
6820 Renting of real estate Partnership, etc. 2020* . . . . . . . . .
683 Intermediation, managing real estate Total legal forms all nationalities 2020* 18,307 1,525 1,068 34,391 21,411 576 91 385 .
683 Intermediation, managing real estate Sole proprietorship 2020* 6,105 569 474 6,235 973 265 0 241 .
683 Intermediation, managing real estate Limited liability enterprises 2020* 9,269 714 418 22,506 18,524 123 . 38 .
683 Intermediation, managing real estate Partnership, etc. 2020* 2,933 242 176 5,650 1,915 188 . 107 .
6831 Intermediation in real estate Total legal forms all nationalities 2020* 11,226 877 650 25,026 15,846 391 55 260 .
6831 Intermediation in real estate Sole proprietorship 2020* . . . . . . . . .
6831 Intermediation in real estate Limited liability enterprises 2020* . . . . . . . . .
6831 Intermediation in real estate Partnership, etc. 2020* . . . . . . . . .
6832 Management of real estate Total legal forms all nationalities 2020* 7,081 648 418 9,364 5,566 184 36 125 .
6832 Management of real estate Sole proprietorship 2020* . . . . . . . . .
6832 Management of real estate Limited liability enterprises 2020* . . . . . . . . .
6832 Management of real estate Partnership, etc. 2020* . . . . . . . . .
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table includes information on business demography according to the European standard. Figures in this table are also submitted in this form to Eurostat. Information concerns the population of active enterprises, enterprise births and deaths, and the 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 year survivors after birth, broken down by size class based on number of employees and by the National Classification of Economic Activity 2008 (NCEA 2008, based on NACE Rev 2.0). Data also includes persons employed and employees in active enterprises, births and deaths, as well as persons employed for surviving births at the start and end of the survival period.

Data available from: 2010

Status of the figures:
The figures in this table from 2010 to 2018 are final. Figures about 2019 and 2020 are provisional.

Changes as of 29 November 2022:
The provisional figures of 2020 are added.

When will new figures be released?
Figures on a new reporting year (T – 2) will be published in July of the current year T.

Description topics

Enterprises
Total
Enterprise:
The actual transactor in the production process characterised by independence in deciding on that process and in offering its products to third parties.

It follows from this definition, and in particular from the element of independence, that an enterprise can comprise more than one establishment, but also more than one legal unit. (Legal units include both natural and legal persons.) This is the case when the separate establishments or legal units do not operate independently. Conversely, it is possible to distinguish between different parts within a legal unit that operate independently in terms of production. These then constitute as many enterprises as defined. The latter is especially the case for larger groups with diverse activities.
When a unit thus defined extends over several countries, the Dutch part will be considered as a whole company for the sake of national statistics.

In official CBS terminology the enterprise as defined here is called the enterprise unit (BE), so that there is no confusion with the term enterprise used in common parlance, which is not very precise in this respect.

The statistical unit enterprise is an operationalisation of the kind-of-activity unit, as defined by Eurostat. This definition combines two requirements that may conflict: contributing to one activity versus corresponding to one or more operational units. The Netherlands gives priority to the second requirement when operationalising to the statistical enterprise unit.
Births
An enterprise birth is the creation of a new enterprise.

This means that economic criteria for an enterprise must be met: there must be information on employment or turnover of the enterprise. Furthermore, it is important that the enterprise is actually new. The continuation of one or more existing enterprises is therefore not an enterprise birth.

There is no enterprise birth in the case of
- enterprises that are created as a result of a merger, division or demerger;
- takeover or privatisation of part of a company;
- change of name;
- change of legal form;
- change of ownership;
- gradual change of activity;
- relocation;
- reactivation.
Deaths
An enterprise death is the termination of an existing enterprise.

This means that there is no question of a significant part of the activities being continued by another enterprise. An enterprise death only occurs when the enterprise (with the associated employment) no longer belongs to the enterprise population. The best-known example of this is bankruptcy.

There is no enterprise death in the case of:
- enterprises that disappear as a result of a merger, division or demerger;
- takeover or privatisation of part of an enterprise;
- change of name;
- change of legal form;
- change of owner;
- gradual change of activity
- relocation;
- reactivation.
Enterprise population
Persons employed
The number of persons employed consists of:
- employees and directors who are on the payroll;
- employees who are on the payroll of another enterprise or institution, but work in the enterprise's own place of business and as such are in fact part of the workforce (agency staff);
- employed proprietors, partners, associates and cooperating family members;
- agency staff. Loaned personnel (employees on the payroll, but working for another enterprise or institution) are not included under persons employed.
Employees
The number of employees is determined on the basis of the employees on the payroll excluding director-major shareholders. The number of employees per company is calculated from wage tax data from the Dutch Tax and Customs Administration.
Newly born enterprises
Persons employed
The number of persons employed consists of:
- employees and directors who are on the payroll;
- employees who are on the payroll of another enterprise or institution, but work in the enterprise's own place of business and as such are in fact part of the workforce (agency staff);
- employed proprietors, partners, associates and cooperating family members;
- agency staff. Loaned personnel (employees on the payroll, but working for another enterprise or institution) are not included under persons employed.
Employees
The number of employees is determined on the basis of the employees on the payroll excluding director-major shareholders. The number of employees per company is calculated from wage tax data from the Dutch Tax and Customs Administration.
Non-surviving enterprises
Persons employed
The number of persons employed consists of:
- employees and directors who are on the payroll;
- employees who are on the payroll of another enterprise or institution, but work in the enterprise's own place of business and as such are in fact part of the workforce (agency staff);
- employed proprietors, partners, associates and cooperating family members;
- agency staff. Loaned personnel (employees on the payroll, but working for another enterprise or institution) are not included under persons employed.
Employees
The number of employees is determined on the basis of the employees on the payroll excluding director-major shareholders. The number of employees per company is calculated from wage tax data from the Dutch Tax and Customs Administration.