Business demography, European standard; legal form, SIC2008

Business demography, European standard; legal form, SIC2008

SIC 2008 Legal forms Periods Enterprises Total (aantal) Enterprises Births (aantal) Enterprises Deaths (aantal) Enterprise population Persons employed (aantal) Enterprise population Employees (aantal) Newly born enterprises Persons employed (aantal) Newly born enterprises Employees (aantal) Non-surviving enterprises Persons employed (aantal) Non-surviving enterprises Employees (aantal)
ICT-sector Total legal forms all nationalities 2020* 92,412 8,991 8,240 345,843 275,907 4,735 . 3,885 .
ICT-sector Sole proprietorship 2020* 58,102 6,096 5,956 50,778 . . 3 . .
ICT-sector Limited liability enterprises 2020* 26,261 2,162 1,477 275,575 . . . . .
ICT-sector Partnership, etc. 2020* 8,049 733 807 19,491 . . . . .
465 Wholesale of ICT-equipment Total legal forms all nationalities 2020* 5,696 235 363 52,352 48,440 103 50 130 23
465 Wholesale of ICT-equipment Sole proprietorship 2020* 1,834 58 165 2,013 300 24 0 87 .
465 Wholesale of ICT-equipment Limited liability enterprises 2020* 3,276 156 157 47,679 46,222 62 50 20 .
465 Wholesale of ICT-equipment Partnership, etc. 2020* 586 21 41 2,660 1,918 16 0 23 5
80 Security and investigation Total legal forms all nationalities 2020* 6,230 1,117 443 35,385 30,174 661 67 261 .
80 Security and investigation Sole proprietorship 2020* 5,023 1,026 369 4,896 625 . . . .
80 Security and investigation Limited liability enterprises 2020* 860 58 42 29,580 29,127 69 . . .
80 Security and investigation Partnership, etc. 2020* 347 33 32 908 422 . . . 0
801 Private security Total legal forms all nationalities 2020* 5,464 1,057 384 32,404 27,782 633 . 236 .
801 Private security Sole proprietorship 2020* 4,564 985 329 4,468 590 540 . 174 .
801 Private security Limited liability enterprises 2020* 607 46 28 27,155 26,825 . 63 . .
801 Private security Partnership, etc. 2020* 293 26 27 781 368 . . . 0
8010 Private security Total legal forms all nationalities 2020* 5,464 1,057 384 32,404 27,782 633 . 236 .
8010 Private security Sole proprietorship 2020* . . . . . . . . .
8010 Private security Limited liability enterprises 2020* . . . . . . . . .
8010 Private security Partnership, etc. 2020* . . . . . . . . .
802 Security systems service activities Total legal forms all nationalities 2020* 472 35 30 2,200 1,832 15 0 16 .
802 Security systems service activities Sole proprietorship 2020* 242 20 16 245 28 . 0 . 0
802 Security systems service activities Limited liability enterprises 2020* 191 9 10 1,851 1,750 . 0 . .
802 Security systems service activities Partnership, etc. 2020* 39 6 4 104 54 . 0 2 0
8020 Security systems service activities Total legal forms all nationalities 2020* 472 35 30 2,200 1,832 15 0 16 .
8020 Security systems service activities Sole proprietorship 2020* . . . . . . . . .
8020 Security systems service activities Limited liability enterprises 2020* . . . . . . . . .
8020 Security systems service activities Partnership, etc. 2020* . . . . . . . . .
ICT services Total legal forms all nationalities 2020* 91,344 8,912 8,160 335,851 266,612 4,704 . 3,857 .
ICT services Sole proprietorship 2020* 57,658 6,054 5,917 50,366 . . 3 . .
ICT services Limited liability enterprises 2020* 25,785 2,133 1,447 266,300 . . . . .
ICT services Partnership, etc. 2020* 7,901 725 796 19,186 . . . . .
ICT manufacturing Total legal forms all nationalities 2020* 1,068 79 80 9,992 9,295 31 . 28 .
ICT manufacturing Sole proprietorship 2020* 444 42 39 412 . 20 0 19 0
ICT manufacturing Limited liability enterprises 2020* 476 29 30 9,275 9,087 4 . 3 .
ICT manufacturing Partnership, etc. 2020* 148 8 11 305 . 6 0 6 0
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table includes information on business demography according to the European standard. Figures in this table are also submitted in this form to Eurostat. Information concerns the population of active enterprises, enterprise births and deaths, and the 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 year survivors after birth, broken down by size class based on number of employees and by the National Classification of Economic Activity 2008 (NCEA 2008, based on NACE Rev 2.0). Data also includes persons employed and employees in active enterprises, births and deaths, as well as persons employed for surviving births at the start and end of the survival period.

Data available from: 2010

Status of the figures:
The figures in this table from 2010 to 2018 are final. Figures about 2019 and 2020 are provisional.

Changes as of 29 November 2022:
The provisional figures of 2020 are added.

When will new figures be released?
Figures on a new reporting year (T – 2) will be published in July of the current year T.

Description topics

Enterprises
Total
Enterprise:
The actual transactor in the production process characterised by independence in deciding on that process and in offering its products to third parties.

It follows from this definition, and in particular from the element of independence, that an enterprise can comprise more than one establishment, but also more than one legal unit. (Legal units include both natural and legal persons.) This is the case when the separate establishments or legal units do not operate independently. Conversely, it is possible to distinguish between different parts within a legal unit that operate independently in terms of production. These then constitute as many enterprises as defined. The latter is especially the case for larger groups with diverse activities.
When a unit thus defined extends over several countries, the Dutch part will be considered as a whole company for the sake of national statistics.

In official CBS terminology the enterprise as defined here is called the enterprise unit (BE), so that there is no confusion with the term enterprise used in common parlance, which is not very precise in this respect.

The statistical unit enterprise is an operationalisation of the kind-of-activity unit, as defined by Eurostat. This definition combines two requirements that may conflict: contributing to one activity versus corresponding to one or more operational units. The Netherlands gives priority to the second requirement when operationalising to the statistical enterprise unit.
Births
An enterprise birth is the creation of a new enterprise.

This means that economic criteria for an enterprise must be met: there must be information on employment or turnover of the enterprise. Furthermore, it is important that the enterprise is actually new. The continuation of one or more existing enterprises is therefore not an enterprise birth.

There is no enterprise birth in the case of
- enterprises that are created as a result of a merger, division or demerger;
- takeover or privatisation of part of a company;
- change of name;
- change of legal form;
- change of ownership;
- gradual change of activity;
- relocation;
- reactivation.
Deaths
An enterprise death is the termination of an existing enterprise.

This means that there is no question of a significant part of the activities being continued by another enterprise. An enterprise death only occurs when the enterprise (with the associated employment) no longer belongs to the enterprise population. The best-known example of this is bankruptcy.

There is no enterprise death in the case of:
- enterprises that disappear as a result of a merger, division or demerger;
- takeover or privatisation of part of an enterprise;
- change of name;
- change of legal form;
- change of owner;
- gradual change of activity
- relocation;
- reactivation.
Enterprise population
Persons employed
The number of persons employed consists of:
- employees and directors who are on the payroll;
- employees who are on the payroll of another enterprise or institution, but work in the enterprise's own place of business and as such are in fact part of the workforce (agency staff);
- employed proprietors, partners, associates and cooperating family members;
- agency staff. Loaned personnel (employees on the payroll, but working for another enterprise or institution) are not included under persons employed.
Employees
The number of employees is determined on the basis of the employees on the payroll excluding director-major shareholders. The number of employees per company is calculated from wage tax data from the Dutch Tax and Customs Administration.
Newly born enterprises
Persons employed
The number of persons employed consists of:
- employees and directors who are on the payroll;
- employees who are on the payroll of another enterprise or institution, but work in the enterprise's own place of business and as such are in fact part of the workforce (agency staff);
- employed proprietors, partners, associates and cooperating family members;
- agency staff. Loaned personnel (employees on the payroll, but working for another enterprise or institution) are not included under persons employed.
Employees
The number of employees is determined on the basis of the employees on the payroll excluding director-major shareholders. The number of employees per company is calculated from wage tax data from the Dutch Tax and Customs Administration.
Non-surviving enterprises
Persons employed
The number of persons employed consists of:
- employees and directors who are on the payroll;
- employees who are on the payroll of another enterprise or institution, but work in the enterprise's own place of business and as such are in fact part of the workforce (agency staff);
- employed proprietors, partners, associates and cooperating family members;
- agency staff. Loaned personnel (employees on the payroll, but working for another enterprise or institution) are not included under persons employed.
Employees
The number of employees is determined on the basis of the employees on the payroll excluding director-major shareholders. The number of employees per company is calculated from wage tax data from the Dutch Tax and Customs Administration.