Business demography, European standard; legal form, SIC2008

Business demography, European standard; legal form, SIC2008

SIC 2008 Legal forms Periods Enterprises Total (aantal) Enterprises Births (aantal) Enterprises Deaths (aantal) Enterprise population Persons employed (aantal) Enterprise population Employees (aantal) Newly born enterprises Persons employed (aantal) Newly born enterprises Employees (aantal) Non-surviving enterprises Persons employed (aantal) Non-surviving enterprises Employees (aantal)
B-E Industry (no construction), energy Total legal forms all nationalities 2020* 81,083 6,544 4,578 808,374 740,206 4,268 1,336 2,553 679
B-E Industry (no construction), energy Sole proprietorship 2020* 46,858 4,825 3,070 49,588 9,094 2,392 26 1,573 82
B-E Industry (no construction), energy Limited liability enterprises 2020* 23,472 1,121 857 709,858 697,520 1,296 1,186 470 450
B-E Industry (no construction), energy Partnership, etc. 2020* 10,753 598 651 48,928 33,593 581 124 509 147
10-12 Manufacture of food and beverages Total legal forms all nationalities 2020* 7,845 873 503 140,885 133,359 607 188 404 .
10-12 Manufacture of food and beverages Sole proprietorship 2020* 3,535 596 309 6,178 3,141 294 . 172 15
10-12 Manufacture of food and beverages Limited liability enterprises 2020* 2,222 136 71 115,268 114,217 141 127 . .
10-12 Manufacture of food and beverages Partnership, etc. 2020* 2,088 141 123 19,439 16,001 172 . . 69
10 Manufacture of food products Total legal forms all nationalities 2020* . . . . . . . . .
10 Manufacture of food products Sole proprietorship 2020* . . . . . . . . .
10 Manufacture of food products Limited liability enterprises 2020* . . . . . . . . .
10 Manufacture of food products Partnership, etc. 2020* . . . . . . . . .
108 Manufacture of other food Total legal forms all nationalities 2020* . . . . . . . . .
108 Manufacture of other food Sole proprietorship 2020* . . . . . . . . .
108 Manufacture of other food Limited liability enterprises 2020* . . . . . . . . .
108 Manufacture of other food Partnership, etc. 2020* . . . . . . . . .
109 Manufacture of animal foods Total legal forms all nationalities 2020* . . . . . . . . .
109 Manufacture of animal foods Sole proprietorship 2020* . . . . . . . . .
109 Manufacture of animal foods Limited liability enterprises 2020* . . . . . . . . .
109 Manufacture of animal foods Partnership, etc. 2020* . . . . . . . . .
26-27 Elektrical and electron. Industry Total legal forms all nationalities 2020* 3,238 171 217 50,343 48,258 74 . 94 25
26-27 Elektrical and electron. Industry Sole proprietorship 2020* 1,156 83 94 1,194 144 44 0 62 .
26-27 Elektrical and electron. Industry Limited liability enterprises 2020* 1,550 74 72 47,632 46,953 18 . 8 .
26-27 Elektrical and electron. Industry Partnership, etc. 2020* 532 14 51 1,517 1,161 12 0 24 7
31-32 Furniture and other industry Total legal forms all nationalities 2020* 16,601 1,353 1,000 46,381 31,794 672 79 436 9
31-32 Furniture and other industry Sole proprietorship 2020* 12,248 1,099 783 11,744 1,627 486 . . .
31-32 Furniture and other industry Limited liability enterprises 2020* 2,471 132 121 29,982 28,518 83 67 . .
31-32 Furniture and other industry Partnership, etc. 2020* 1,882 122 96 4,655 1,649 103 . 71 .
463 Wholesale of food and beverages Total legal forms all nationalities 2020* . . . . . . . . .
463 Wholesale of food and beverages Sole proprietorship 2020* . . . . . . . . .
463 Wholesale of food and beverages Limited liability enterprises 2020* . . . . . . . . .
463 Wholesale of food and beverages Partnership, etc. 2020* . . . . . . . . .
472 Specialised shops selling food Total legal forms all nationalities 2020* 10,950 552 635 55,182 40,942 792 436 504 127
472 Specialised shops selling food Sole proprietorship 2020* 5,154 298 350 15,112 10,224 290 135 211 29
472 Specialised shops selling food Limited liability enterprises 2020* 1,274 80 79 14,389 13,612 119 114 47 45
472 Specialised shops selling food Partnership, etc. 2020* 4,522 174 206 25,681 17,106 382 188 246 54
I Accommodation and food serving Total legal forms all nationalities 2020* 70,081 7,423 4,960 459,148 382,828 8,626 4,532 3,647 1,065
I Accommodation and food serving Sole proprietorship 2020* 36,969 5,298 3,254 84,549 53,045 4,036 1,297 1,921 312
I Accommodation and food serving Limited liability enterprises 2020* 10,954 783 636 240,291 234,984 1,996 1,929 396 377
I Accommodation and food serving Partnership, etc. 2020* 22,158 1,342 1,070 134,309 94,800 2,593 1,306 1,330 376
56 Food and beverage service activities Total legal forms all nationalities 2020* 59,587 6,553 4,414 372,462 307,570 7,834 4,219 3,239 947
56 Food and beverage service activities Sole proprietorship 2020* 32,009 4,770 2,922 78,509 51,418 3,724 1,240 . 312
56 Food and beverage service activities Limited liability enterprises 2020* 8,743 672 562 172,553 168,452 1,796 1,740 . .
56 Food and beverage service activities Partnership, etc. 2020* 18,835 1,111 930 121,400 87,699 2,314 1,239 1,186 .
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table includes information on business demography according to the European standard. Figures in this table are also submitted in this form to Eurostat. Information concerns the population of active enterprises, enterprise births and deaths, and the 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 year survivors after birth, broken down by size class based on number of employees and by the National Classification of Economic Activity 2008 (NCEA 2008, based on NACE Rev 2.0). Data also includes persons employed and employees in active enterprises, births and deaths, as well as persons employed for surviving births at the start and end of the survival period.

Data available from: 2010

Status of the figures:
The figures in this table from 2010 to 2018 are final. Figures about 2019 and 2020 are provisional.

Changes as of 29 November 2022:
The provisional figures of 2020 are added.

When will new figures be released?
Figures on a new reporting year (T – 2) will be published in July of the current year T.

Description topics

Enterprises
Total
Enterprise:
The actual transactor in the production process characterised by independence in deciding on that process and in offering its products to third parties.

It follows from this definition, and in particular from the element of independence, that an enterprise can comprise more than one establishment, but also more than one legal unit. (Legal units include both natural and legal persons.) This is the case when the separate establishments or legal units do not operate independently. Conversely, it is possible to distinguish between different parts within a legal unit that operate independently in terms of production. These then constitute as many enterprises as defined. The latter is especially the case for larger groups with diverse activities.
When a unit thus defined extends over several countries, the Dutch part will be considered as a whole company for the sake of national statistics.

In official CBS terminology the enterprise as defined here is called the enterprise unit (BE), so that there is no confusion with the term enterprise used in common parlance, which is not very precise in this respect.

The statistical unit enterprise is an operationalisation of the kind-of-activity unit, as defined by Eurostat. This definition combines two requirements that may conflict: contributing to one activity versus corresponding to one or more operational units. The Netherlands gives priority to the second requirement when operationalising to the statistical enterprise unit.
Births
An enterprise birth is the creation of a new enterprise.

This means that economic criteria for an enterprise must be met: there must be information on employment or turnover of the enterprise. Furthermore, it is important that the enterprise is actually new. The continuation of one or more existing enterprises is therefore not an enterprise birth.

There is no enterprise birth in the case of
- enterprises that are created as a result of a merger, division or demerger;
- takeover or privatisation of part of a company;
- change of name;
- change of legal form;
- change of ownership;
- gradual change of activity;
- relocation;
- reactivation.
Deaths
An enterprise death is the termination of an existing enterprise.

This means that there is no question of a significant part of the activities being continued by another enterprise. An enterprise death only occurs when the enterprise (with the associated employment) no longer belongs to the enterprise population. The best-known example of this is bankruptcy.

There is no enterprise death in the case of:
- enterprises that disappear as a result of a merger, division or demerger;
- takeover or privatisation of part of an enterprise;
- change of name;
- change of legal form;
- change of owner;
- gradual change of activity
- relocation;
- reactivation.
Enterprise population
Persons employed
The number of persons employed consists of:
- employees and directors who are on the payroll;
- employees who are on the payroll of another enterprise or institution, but work in the enterprise's own place of business and as such are in fact part of the workforce (agency staff);
- employed proprietors, partners, associates and cooperating family members;
- agency staff. Loaned personnel (employees on the payroll, but working for another enterprise or institution) are not included under persons employed.
Employees
The number of employees is determined on the basis of the employees on the payroll excluding director-major shareholders. The number of employees per company is calculated from wage tax data from the Dutch Tax and Customs Administration.
Newly born enterprises
Persons employed
The number of persons employed consists of:
- employees and directors who are on the payroll;
- employees who are on the payroll of another enterprise or institution, but work in the enterprise's own place of business and as such are in fact part of the workforce (agency staff);
- employed proprietors, partners, associates and cooperating family members;
- agency staff. Loaned personnel (employees on the payroll, but working for another enterprise or institution) are not included under persons employed.
Employees
The number of employees is determined on the basis of the employees on the payroll excluding director-major shareholders. The number of employees per company is calculated from wage tax data from the Dutch Tax and Customs Administration.
Non-surviving enterprises
Persons employed
The number of persons employed consists of:
- employees and directors who are on the payroll;
- employees who are on the payroll of another enterprise or institution, but work in the enterprise's own place of business and as such are in fact part of the workforce (agency staff);
- employed proprietors, partners, associates and cooperating family members;
- agency staff. Loaned personnel (employees on the payroll, but working for another enterprise or institution) are not included under persons employed.
Employees
The number of employees is determined on the basis of the employees on the payroll excluding director-major shareholders. The number of employees per company is calculated from wage tax data from the Dutch Tax and Customs Administration.