Research and development; personnel, expenditure, company size, branch

Research and development; personnel, expenditure, company size, branch

Company size Sector/branches (SIC2008) Periods R&D personnel Employed persons (number) R&D personnel Years of work (number) Expenditure R&D on in-house activities (mln euro) Enterprises with in-house R&D activities (number)
Total M-N Business services 2020 37,526 23,359 2,269 4,780
Total M Other specialised business services 2020 33,133 21,525 2,136 3,865
Total 74 Other specialised business services 2020 1,031 734 47 275
Total N Renting and other business support 2020 4,393 1,834 133 915
0 to 49 employed persons M-N Business services 2020 16,057 8,231 583 4,305
0 to 49 employed persons M Other specialised business services 2020 14,435 7,586 545 3,550
0 to 49 employed persons 74 Other specialised business services 2020 794 530 33 265
0 to 49 employed persons N Renting and other business support 2020 1,622 645 38 755
50 to 249 employed persons M-N Business services 2020 8,021 5,576 501 340
50 to 249 employed persons M Other specialised business services 2020 7,372 5,106 468 245
50 to 249 employed persons 74 Other specialised business services 2020 . . . 10
50 to 249 employed persons N Renting and other business support 2020 650 470 33 90
250 and more employed persons M-N Business services 2020 13,448 9,551 1,184 135
250 and more employed persons M Other specialised business services 2020 11,326 8,833 1,122 65
250 and more employed persons 74 Other specialised business services 2020 . . . .
250 and more employed persons N Renting and other business support 2020 2,122 719 62 65
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table contains figures regarding enterprises that conduct in-house Research and Development (R&D) activities with own or external personnel. Additionally figures are available regarding the personnel and the expenditure related to these R&D activities.

The figures are broken down by company size and branch of industry according to the Standard Industrial Classification 2008 (SIC 2008).

The R&D activities are conducted in-house by own or external personnel in the Netherlands. Outsourced R&D is not included in this table. Furthermore, this table only concerns the "businesses" sector. The sectors "institutions" and "higher education" are not included in this table.

Data available from: 2013

Status of the figures:
All figures are definitive.

Changes as of 26 August 2022:
The definitive figures about 2020 have been published.

When will new figures be published?
Mid 2023 definitive figures about 2021 will be published.

Description topics

R&D personnel
The personnel that conducts the in-house R&D activities, expressed in numbers of employed persons and years of work.
Employed persons
Someone working for a company located in the Netherlands, or for an institution or private household in the Netherlands.

In order to be included in the R&D personnel an employed person needs to spend at least 0,1 FTE annually on R&D related activities.

Employed persons are all persons having paid jobs, even for only one or some hours a week, and even if they:
- work legally as such, but without registration for income tax and social security (“undeclared work”);
- are temporarily not at work, but have continued receipt of wages or salary (for instance in case of illness or hold-ups due to frost);
- are on a temporary unpaid-leave.
Employed persons can be divided into employees and the self-employed persons. They can live in the Netherlands, but also abroad.

Years of work
A measure for the volume of work, calculated by converting all jobs (full-time and part-time) into full-time jobs, also known as full-time equivalents (FTE).

As such, when combined, the volume of work of two half jobs (0.5 FTE each) totals one year of work.
Expenditure R&D on in-house activities
Enterprises with in-house R&D activities