Avoided use of fossil energy and emission of CO2

Avoided use of fossil energy and emission of CO2

Energy sources/techniques Energy application Periods Avoided carbon dioxide emission (CO2) Avoided emission (kton) Avoided carbon dioxide emission (CO2) Avoided emission relative (% of total CO2 emission)
Total energy sources Electricity 2020** 14,985 10.85
Hydro power Electricity 2020** 38 0.03
Wind energy, total Electricity 2020** 6,168 4.47
Wind energy on shore Electricity 2020** 3,580 2.59
Wind energy off shore Electricity 2020** 2,588 1.87
Solar energy Electricity 2020** 3,727 2.70
Solar photovoltaic Electricity 2020** 3,727 2.70
Solar thermal, total Electricity 2020**
Solar thermal, covered systems <= 6 m2 Electricity 2020**
Solar thermal, covered systems > 6 m2 Electricity 2020**
Solar thermal, uncovered systems Electricity 2020**
Total geothermal energy Electricity 2020**
Deep geothermal heat Electricity 2020**
Total shallow geothermal energy Electricity 2020**
Shallow geothermal heat, total Electricity 2020**
Shallow geothermal heat, heat pumps Electricity 2020**
Shal geothermal heat, without heat pumps Electricity 2020**
Shallow geothermal cold Electricity 2020**
Aerothermal heat, total Electricity 2020**
Total biomass Electricity 2020** 5,052 3.66
Municipal waste; renewable fraction Electricity 2020** 757 0.55
Co-firing of biomass in electr. plants Electricity 2020** 3,521 2.55
Total biomass households Electricity 2020**
Biomass households, open fireplaces Electricity 2020**
Biomass households, inserts Electricity 2020**
Biomass households, wood stoves Electricity 2020**
Biomass households, pellet stoves Electricity 2020**
Biomass households, charcoal use Electricity 2020**
Biomass boilers companies, total Electricity 2020** 370 0.27
Biomass boilers companies, CHP Electricity 2020** 370 0.27
Biomass boilers companies, heat only Electricity 2020**
Total biogas Electricity 2020** 404 0.29
Biogas from landfills Electricity 2020** 7 0.01
Biogas from sewage water purification Electricity 2020** 87 0.06
Biogas, co-digestion of manure Electricity 2020** 203 0.15
Other biogas Electricity 2020** 107 0.08
Liquid biofuels for transport, total Electricity 2020**
Biogasoline Electricity 2020**
Biodiesel Electricity 2020**
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


The use of renewable energy avoids the use of fossil energy and as a consequence avoids emission of CO2. Renewable energy is energy from wind, hydro power, the sun, the earth, heat from outdoor air and biomass. This is energy from natural processes that is replenished constantly.

Figures are presented in an absolute way, as well as related to the total emission of carbon dioxide in the Netherlands.

Avoiding the use of fossil energy and avoiding emission of carbon dioxide are important underlying aims for stimulation of the use of renewable energy.

The figures are broken down into energy source/technique and into application (electricity, heat and transport).

Data available from:
1990

Status of the figures:
- up to and including 2019 definite;
- 2020 revised provisional.

Changes as of December 2021:
Definite figures of 2019 and revised provisional figures of 2020 have been added.

When will new figures be published?
Provisional figures: June of the following year.
Revised provisional figures: December of the following year.
Definite figures: December of the second following year.

Description topics

Avoided carbon dioxide emission (CO2)
The amount of carbon dioxide that is emitted if no use is made of renewable energy technology. The amount of carbon dioxide is calculated in accordance with the methodology of the Protocol Monitoring Renewable Energy (AgentschapNL, 2010). It covers domestic production of renewable electricity, heat and gas. Imports of green electricity is not included.
This methodology only considers the avoided emission by the use of the renewable energy at the final stage: production of renewable electricity, heat and gas. The earlier stages are not included. For biofuels for road transport greenhouse gas emissions of the earlier stages may be substantial. Therefore, for these biofuels no avoided CO2 emissions are published.
Avoided emission
1 kton = 1,000 ton = 1 million kg.
Avoided emission relative
Avoided emission of carbon dioxide as percentage of the total Dutch CO2 emission according to the IPCC guidelines (Kyoto Protocol).

CO2 emission figures are provisional.