|Energy sources/techniques||Energy application||Periods||Avoided carbon dioxide emission (CO2) Avoided emission (kton)||Avoided carbon dioxide emission (CO2) Avoided emission relative (% of total CO2 emission)|
|Total energy sources||Electricity||2020**||14,985||10.85|
|Wind energy, total||Electricity||2020**||6,168||4.47|
|Wind energy on shore||Electricity||2020**||3,580||2.59|
|Wind energy off shore||Electricity||2020**||2,588||1.87|
|Solar thermal, total||Electricity||2020**|
|Solar thermal, covered systems <= 6 m2||Electricity||2020**|
|Solar thermal, covered systems > 6 m2||Electricity||2020**|
|Solar thermal, uncovered systems||Electricity||2020**|
|Total geothermal energy||Electricity||2020**|
|Deep geothermal heat||Electricity||2020**|
|Total shallow geothermal energy||Electricity||2020**|
|Shallow geothermal heat, total||Electricity||2020**|
|Shallow geothermal heat, heat pumps||Electricity||2020**|
|Shal geothermal heat, without heat pumps||Electricity||2020**|
|Shallow geothermal cold||Electricity||2020**|
|Aerothermal heat, total||Electricity||2020**|
|Municipal waste; renewable fraction||Electricity||2020**||757||0.55|
|Co-firing of biomass in electr. plants||Electricity||2020**||3,521||2.55|
|Total biomass households||Electricity||2020**|
|Biomass households, open fireplaces||Electricity||2020**|
|Biomass households, inserts||Electricity||2020**|
|Biomass households, wood stoves||Electricity||2020**|
|Biomass households, pellet stoves||Electricity||2020**|
|Biomass households, charcoal use||Electricity||2020**|
|Biomass boilers companies, total||Electricity||2020**||370||0.27|
|Biomass boilers companies, CHP||Electricity||2020**||370||0.27|
|Biomass boilers companies, heat only||Electricity||2020**|
|Biogas from landfills||Electricity||2020**||7||0.01|
|Biogas from sewage water purification||Electricity||2020**||87||0.06|
|Biogas, co-digestion of manure||Electricity||2020**||203||0.15|
|Liquid biofuels for transport, total||Electricity||2020**|
The use of renewable energy avoids the use of fossil energy and as a consequence avoids emission of CO2. Renewable energy is energy from wind, hydro power, the sun, the earth, heat from outdoor air and biomass. This is energy from natural processes that is replenished constantly.
Figures are presented in an absolute way, as well as related to the total emission of carbon dioxide in the Netherlands.
Avoiding the use of fossil energy and avoiding emission of carbon dioxide are important underlying aims for stimulation of the use of renewable energy.
The figures are broken down into energy source/technique and into application (electricity, heat and transport).
Data available from:
Status of the figures:
- up to and including 2019 definite;
- 2020 revised provisional.
Changes as of December 2021:
Definite figures of 2019 and revised provisional figures of 2020 have been added.
When will new figures be published?
Provisional figures: June of the following year.
Revised provisional figures: December of the following year.
Definite figures: December of the second following year.
- Avoided carbon dioxide emission (CO2)
- The amount of carbon dioxide that is emitted if no use is made of renewable energy technology. The amount of carbon dioxide is calculated in accordance with the methodology of the Protocol Monitoring Renewable Energy (AgentschapNL, 2010). It covers domestic production of renewable electricity, heat and gas. Imports of green electricity is not included.
This methodology only considers the avoided emission by the use of the renewable energy at the final stage: production of renewable electricity, heat and gas. The earlier stages are not included. For biofuels for road transport greenhouse gas emissions of the earlier stages may be substantial. Therefore, for these biofuels no avoided CO2 emissions are published.
- Avoided emission
- 1 kton = 1,000 ton = 1 million kg.
- Avoided emission relative
- Avoided emission of carbon dioxide as percentage of the total Dutch CO2 emission according to the IPCC guidelines (Kyoto Protocol).
CO2 emission figures are provisional.