Renewable energy; consumption by energy source, technology and application

Renewable energy; consumption by energy source, technology and application

Energy sources and techniques Energy application Periods Final consumption (TJ) Final consumption relative (% total energy cons.)
Wind energy, total Total energy applications 2021** 68,448 3.41
Wind energy on shore Total energy applications 2021** 37,832 1.88
Wind energy off shore Total energy applications 2021** 30,615 1.52
Solar energy Total energy applications 2021** 41,972 2.09
Total geothermal energy Total energy applications 2021** 11,776 0.59
Deep geothermal heat Total energy applications 2021** 6,248 0.31
Total shallow geothermal energy Total energy applications 2021** 5,528 0.28
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description

This table expresses the use of renewable energy as gross final consumption of energy. Figures are presented in an absolute way, as well as related to the total energy use in the Netherlands.

Renewable energy is energy from wind, hydro power, the sun, the earth, heat from outdoor air and biomass. This is energy from natural processes that is replenished constantly.

The figures are broken down into energy source/technique and into energy application (electricity, heat and transport).

This table focuses on the share of renewable energy according to the EU Renewable Energy Directive. Under this directive, countries can apply an administrative transfer by purchasing renewable energy from countries that have consumed more renewable energy than the agreed target. For 2020, the Netherlands has implemented such a transfer by purchasing renewable energy from Denmark. This transfer has been made visible in this table as a separate energy source/technique and two totals are included; a total with statistical transfer and a total without statistical transfer.

Data available from:

Status of the figures:
This table contains definite figures up to and including 2019 and revised provisional figures for 2020 and 2021.

Changes as of June 2022:
Revised provisional figures added for 2021.
From reporting year 2021, new sustainability criteria for solid and gaseous biomass will apply in the context of the EU Renewable Energy Directive (2018). It is currently unclear whether all biomass consumed in the Netherlands meets these new sustainability criteria. For the cases where this uncertainty applies a “.“ is displayed.

Changes as of 12th of January 2022:
The statistical transfer and the totals with and without the statistical transfer have been added to the table as a separate source/technique.

When will new figures be published?
Provisional figures on the gross final consumption of renewable energy in broad outlines for the previous year are published each year in May.
Revised provisional figures for the previous year appear each year in June, except for figures on shallow geothermal cold and shallow geothermal heat without heat pumps.

In December all figures on the consumption of renewable energy in the previous year will be published. These figures will be definite in December. However, the figures on the share of total energy consumption in the Netherlands can still be changed by the availability of adjusted figures on total energy consumption.

Description topics

Final consumption
In this table, the unit TeraJoule (TJ) is used. This equals 1,000,000,000,000 joules (10 to the power of 12). A joule is a unit of energy equivalent to 0.24 calories. A TJ is equivalent to 31 600 cubic meters of natural gas or 278 000 kilowatt-hours of electricity.
Final consumption relative
Gross final consumption of renewable energy as percentage of total gross final energetic energy consumption, calculated according the definitions from the EU directive on renewable energy from 2009. Total gross final energetic energy consumption is the sum of three parts:
1. Energetic final use of the end use sectors manufacturing industry (excluding refineries), households, services, agriculture, fishing and transport.
2. Distribution losses of electricity and heat
3. Own use of electricity and heat by the producers of electricity and sold heat.