Renewable energy; consumption by energy source, technology and application

Renewable energy; consumption by energy source, technology and application

Energy sources and techniques Energy application Periods Final consumption (TJ) Final consumption relative (% total energy cons.)
Wind energy, total Total energy applications 2020** 50,215 2.58
Wind energy on shore Total energy applications 2020** 32,264 1.66
Wind energy off shore Total energy applications 2020** 17,951 0.92
Solar energy Total energy applications 2020** 32,729 1.68
Total geothermal energy Total energy applications 2020** 11,282 0.58
Total shallow geothermal energy Total energy applications 2020** 5,097 0.26
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table expresses the use of renewable energy as gross final consumption of energy. Figures are presented in an absolute way, as well as related to the total energy use in the Netherlands.

Renewable energy is energy from wind, hydro power, the sun, the earth, heat from outdoor air and biomass. This is energy from natural processes that is replenished constantly.

The figures are broken down into energy source/technique and into energy application (electricity, heat and transport).

This table focuses on the share of renewable energy according to the EU Renewable Energy Directive. Under this directive, countries can apply an administrative transfer by purchasing renewable energy from countries that have consumed more renewable energy than the agreed target. For 2020, the Netherlands has implemented such a transfer by purchasing renewable energy from Denmark. This transfer has been made visible in this table as a separate energy source/technique and two totals are included; a total with statistical transfer and a total without statistical transfer.


Data available from:
1990

Status of the figures:
This table contains definite figures up to and including 2019 and revised provisional figures for 2020.

Changes as of 12th of January 2022:
The statistical transfer and the totals with and without the statistical transfer have been added to the table as a separate source/technique.

Changes as of 10th of December 2021:
Definite figures of 2019 and revised provisional figures of 2020 have been added.
The figures of the share of renewable energy of 2015-2018 have been revised as a result of the adjustments of the denominator used for the calculation of this share. The denominator decreased approximately 10 PJ each year as a result of transposing the energy use of blast furnaces from final energy consumption to own use in the Energy balance. The result of this translocation leads to an increase between 0.2 to 1.1% in the share of renewable energy for the mentioned years.”

When will new figures be published?
Provisional figures on the gross final consumption of renewable energy in broad outlines for the previous year are published each year in May.
Revised provisional figures for the previous year appear each year in June, except for figures on shallow geothermal cold and shallow geothermal heat without heat pumps.

In December all figures on the consumption of renewable energy in the previous year will be published. These figures will be definite in December. However, the figures on the share of total energy consumption in the Netherlands can still be changed by the availability of adjusted figures on total energy consumption.

Description topics

Final consumption
In this table, the unit TeraJoule (TJ) is used. This equals 1,000,000,000,000 joules (10 to the power of 12). A joule is a unit of energy equivalent to 0.24 calories. A TJ is equivalent to 31 600 cubic meters of natural gas or 278 000 kilowatt-hours of electricity.
Final consumption relative
Gross final consumption of renewable energy as percentage of total gross final energetic energy consumption, calculated according the definitions from the EU directive on renewable energy from 2009. Total gross final energetic energy consumption is the sum of three parts:
1. Energetic final use of the end use sectors manufacturing industry (excluding refineries), households, services, agriculture, fishing and transport.
2. Distribution losses of electricity and heat
3. Own use of electricity and heat by the producers of electricity and sold heat.