Research and development; key figures per implementation sector

Research and development; key figures per implementation sector

Sectors Periods R&D personnel Years of work (number)
All sectors 2020** 166,422
Businesses 2020** 118,355
Institutions 2020** 9,635
Higher education 2020** 38,433
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table contains figures regarding the personnel and the expenditure related to in-house Research and Development (R&D) activities that are conducted with own or external personnel.

The figures are provided for the following sectors:
- businesses
- institutions
- institutes of higher education

The R&D activities are conducted in-house by own or external personnel in the Netherlands. Outsourced R&D is not included in this table.

Data available from: 2013

Status of the figures:
The data regarding 2013-2019 are definitive. The data regarding 2020 are revised provisional.

The status of the figures in this table is related to the status of the figures on the gross domestic product (GDP). Until the GDP is definitive, the R&D intensity can be adjusted.

Changes as of 4 July 2022:
The figures about 2019 are now definitive. The figures about 2020 have been adjusted and are now revised provisional.

When will new figures be published?
In the fourth quarter of 2022 the provisional figures about 2021 will be published.

Description topics

R&D personnel
The personnel that conducts the in-house R&D activities, expressed in numbers of employed persons and years of work.
Years of work
A measure for the volume of work, calculated by converting all jobs (full-time and part-time) into full-time jobs, also known as full-time equivalents (FTE).

As such, when combined, the volume of work of two half jobs (0.5 FTE each) totals one year of work.