Research and development; key figures per implementation sector

Research and development; key figures per implementation sector

Sectors Periods Expenditure on R&D Expenditure R&D on in-house activities (million euro) Expenditure on R&D R&D intensity (%)
All sectors 2020* 18,356 2.29
Businesses 2020* 12,355 1.54
Institutions 2020* 1,026 0.13
Higher education 2020* 4,975 0.62
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table contains figures regarding the personnel and the expenditure related to in-house Research and Development (R&D) activities that are conducted with own or external personnel.

The figures are provided for the following sectors:
- businesses
- institutions
- institutes of higher education

The R&D activities are conducted in-house by own or external personnel in the Netherlands. Outsourced R&D is not included in this table.

Data available from: 2013

Status of the figures:
The data regarding 2013-2018 are definitive, the data regarding 2019 are revised provisional and the data regarding 2020 are provisional.

The status of the figures in this table is related to the status of the figures on the gross domestic product (GDP). Until the GDP is definitive, the R&D intensity can be adjusted.

Changes as of 3 November 2021:
The provisional figures about 2020 have been added.

When will new figures be published?
In the second quarter of 2022 the revised provisional figures about 2019 and the provisional figures about 2020 will be adjusted.

Description topics

Expenditure on R&D
Expenditure on in-house R&D activities, expressed in millions of euros and as a percentage of the GDP (gross domestic product).
Expenditure R&D on in-house activities
R&D intensity
Expenditure on in-house R&D activities as a percentage of the GDP (gross domestic product.