Self-employed persons; income, wealth, characteristics

Self-employed persons; income, wealth, characteristics

Type of self-employment Branches (SIC2008) Person characteristics Sex Periods Self-employed, main income Self-employed persons (x 1 000) Self-employed, main income Self-employed income Median self-employed income (1 000 euro) Self-employed, main income Self-employed income Median equivalised income (1 000 euro) Self-employed, main income Self-employed wealth Median wealth (1 000 euro) Self-employed, all incomes Self-employed persons (x 1 000) Self-employed, all incomes Self-employed income Median self-employed income (1 000 euro) Self-employed, all incomes Self-employed income Median equivalised income (1 000 euro) Self-employed, all incomes Self-employed wealth Median wealth (1 000 euro)
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Total persons Total male and female 2020* 56.4 30.3 35.2 146.7 94.4 11.6 33.9 130.6
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Total persons Male 2020* 36.7 37.4 35.4 144.5 60.0 17.1 34.2 128.4
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Total persons Female 2020* 19.7 17.8 34.7 151.4 34.4 6.7 33.4 134.6
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Age: 75 years or older Total male and female 2020* 0.2 . . 328.2 1.6 0.7 29.2 289.8
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Age: 75 years or older Male 2020* 0.1 . . 378.6 1.2 0.7 29.2 274.4
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Age: 75 years or older Female 2020* 0.0 . . . 0.4 . . 320.2
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Age: Younger than 25 years Total male and female 2020* 2.6 19.6 36.2 47.9 8.7 1.2 32.6 84.3
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Age: Younger than 25 years Male 2020* 2.2 22.2 37.5 60.4 5.9 2.4 34.0 91.2
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Age: Younger than 25 years Female 2020* 0.5 . . 10.6 2.8 0.5 30.4 66.6
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Age: 25 to 34 years Total male and female 2020* 10.4 29.3 33.2 59.6 15.9 14.6 32.6 46.8
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Age: 25 to 34 years Male 2020* 7.4 35.2 34.4 68.2 11.0 21.1 33.5 51.5
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Age: 25 to 34 years Female 2020* 3.0 15.1 29.9 41.5 4.9 6.8 30.4 37.4
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Age: 35 to 44 years Total male and female 2020* 13.7 33.2 32.9 110.9 20.3 17.2 32.3 94.2
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Age: 35 to 44 years Male 2020* 8.6 42.1 33.1 114.4 12.2 27.7 32.7 95.9
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Age: 35 to 44 years Female 2020* 5.1 18.0 32.3 106.0 8.1 8.0 31.6 92.2
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Age: 45 to 54 years Total male and female 2020* 16.4 34.1 36.8 196.3 23.9 18.7 36.0 168.4
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Age: 45 to 54 years Male 2020* 10.0 42.4 36.2 189.0 13.9 27.7 35.6 158.3
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Age: 45 to 54 years Female 2020* 6.4 21.5 38.1 208.9 9.9 10.4 36.6 183.0
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Age: 55 to 64 years Total male and female 2020* 11.2 27.5 37.1 273.1 16.8 13.6 36.4 242.4
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Age: 55 to 64 years Male 2020* 7.1 35.2 37.3 270.5 10.5 19.3 36.5 236.7
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Age: 55 to 64 years Female 2020* 4.1 16.0 36.7 276.3 6.2 7.8 36.2 253.3
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Age: 65 to 74 years Total male and female 2020* 1.9 24.2 40.1 316.9 7.3 2.5 32.7 250.9
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Age: 65 to 74 years Male 2020* 1.3 28.7 40.5 326.9 5.2 2.7 32.6 246.0
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Age: 65 to 74 years Female 2020* 0.6 . . 290.8 2.0 2.3 33.1 261.4
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 41.2 33.4 37.2 201.5 71.0 11.4 35.3 173.2
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Background: Netherlands Male 2020* 27.4 40.3 37.1 195.1 45.5 17.9 35.5 171.0
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Background: Netherlands Female 2020* 13.8 19.5 37.4 214.0 25.5 5.8 34.8 177.3
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Background: western Total male and female 2020* 7.1 20.0 30.1 48.6 10.9 10.5 30.3 54.5
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Background: western Male 2020* 3.4 27.9 31.7 63.6 5.6 13.2 31.4 64.1
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Background: western Female 2020* 3.7 14.3 28.6 37.5 5.3 8.7 29.1 43.8
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Background: non-western Total male and female 2020* 8.2 26.3 30.0 22.4 12.5 13.4 29.2 15.6
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Background: non-western Male 2020* 5.9 30.0 30.1 19.4 8.9 16.9 29.3 13.3
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Background: non-western Female 2020* 2.2 16.2 29.9 34.9 3.6 7.7 28.9 23.9
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Pos. in hh.: main earner Total male and female 2020* 32.7 43.2 34.8 132.8 54.9 19.8 32.8 112.4
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Pos. in hh.: main earner Male 2020* 25.8 46.0 35.5 144.5 41.9 24.4 33.7 123.3
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Pos. in hh.: main earner Female 2020* 6.9 30.9 31.5 86.5 12.9 10.2 29.3 73.0
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Pos. in hh.: main earner without partner Total male and female 2020* 10.5 27.9 28.9 39.5 19.7 9.3 26.7 30.0
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Pos. in hh.: main earner without partner Male 2020* 6.9 31.2 30.8 45.2 12.2 12.0 28.4 31.5
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Pos. in hh.: main earner without partner Female 2020* 3.6 21.4 24.6 29.8 7.5 6.8 24.3 28.4
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Pos. in hh.: main earner with partner Total male and female 2020* 22.1 49.3 37.5 188.5 35.2 29.4 35.9 168.5
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Pos. in hh.: main earner with partner Male 2020* 18.9 50.1 37.1 188.7 29.7 31.2 35.7 169.6
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Pos. in hh.: main earner with partner Female 2020* 3.3 42.8 40.3 187.3 5.5 20.3 37.3 160.3
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Pos. in hh.: partner of main earner Total male and female 2020* 19.2 15.4 34.8 170.2 28.4 7.7 35.1 157.9
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Pos. in hh.: partner of main earner Male 2020* 7.1 18.9 33.1 141.9 10.0 11.4 33.9 132.4
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Pos. in hh.: partner of main earner Female 2020* 12.1 13.0 36.1 186.8 18.5 6.3 35.8 172.0
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Pos. in hh.: child underage Total male and female 2020* 0.0 . . . 2.0 0.3 33.4 166.8
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Pos. in hh.: child underage Male 2020* 0.0 . . . 1.2 0.3 34.2 171.4
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Pos. in hh.: child underage Female 2020* 0.0 . . . 0.8 . . 160.4
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Pos. in hh.: child of age Total male and female 2020* 3.7 22.7 39.7 161.9 7.8 5.3 36.9 155.0
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Pos. in hh.: child of age Male 2020* 3.2 24.4 40.1 163.1 6.1 7.0 37.9 156.2
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Pos. in hh.: child of age Female 2020* 0.4 . . 143.4 1.7 1.1 33.8 146.0
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Pos. in hh.: other member Total male and female 2020* 0.8 . . 75.9 1.3 8.0 35.8 58.5
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Pos. in hh.: other member Male 2020* 0.5 . . 67.6 0.8 . . 52.0
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Pos. in hh.: other member Female 2020* 0.3 . . 88.5 0.5 . . 70.8
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Equivalised income: 1st 10%-group Total male and female 2020* 4.3 6.7 10.9 9.5 6.4 3.5 11.2 4.2
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Equivalised income: 1st 10%-group Male 2020* 2.7 6.8 10.8 11.1 3.9 4.3 11.1 4.7
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Equivalised income: 1st 10%-group Female 2020* 1.6 5.4 11.0 7.8 2.5 2.6 11.3 3.6
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Equivalised income: 2nd 10%-group Total male and female 2020* 2.8 10.6 17.3 15.9 5.1 3.6 17.3 7.3
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Equivalised income: 2nd 10%-group Male 2020* 1.6 13.3 17.3 22.3 3.0 4.9 17.3 9.0
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Equivalised income: 2nd 10%-group Female 2020* 1.1 7.0 17.2 11.2 2.1 2.3 17.3 5.9
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Equivalised income: 3rd 10%-group Total male and female 2020* 3.1 13.4 20.5 36.8 5.7 4.9 20.5 22.1
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Equivalised income: 3rd 10%-group Male 2020* 1.9 17.7 20.5 37.5 3.5 6.8 20.5 22.3
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Equivalised income: 3rd 10%-group Female 2020* 1.2 7.5 20.5 35.4 2.2 2.6 20.6 21.7
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Equivalised income: 4th 10%-group Total male and female 2020* 4.0 17.0 23.7 58.8 7.4 5.9 23.6 49.2
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Equivalised income: 4th 10%-group Male 2020* 2.5 22.1 23.7 58.0 4.6 8.3 23.6 48.9
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Equivalised income: 4th 10%-group Female 2020* 1.5 9.1 23.7 60.4 2.8 3.5 23.7 49.3
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Equivalised income: 5th 10%-group Total male and female 2020* 4.5 21.5 26.9 76.9 8.5 6.8 26.9 76.6
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Equivalised income: 5th 10%-group Male 2020* 3.0 26.9 26.9 73.8 5.4 11.0 26.9 74.2
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Equivalised income: 5th 10%-group Female 2020* 1.5 11.7 27.0 80.1 3.1 3.4 27.0 80.1
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Equivalised income: 6th 10%-group Total male and female 2020* 5.2 26.5 30.4 103.3 9.4 10.0 30.4 102.7
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Equivalised income: 6th 10%-group Male 2020* 3.5 31.6 30.4 98.0 6.0 16.2 30.4 96.2
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Equivalised income: 6th 10%-group Female 2020* 1.7 15.1 30.4 117.5 3.4 4.8 30.4 115.6
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Equivalised income: 7th 10%-group Total male and female 2020* 5.6 31.4 34.1 134.6 10.1 12.3 34.1 133.9
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Equivalised income: 7th 10%-group Male 2020* 3.9 36.7 34.1 127.9 6.7 19.9 34.1 126.1
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Equivalised income: 7th 10%-group Female 2020* 1.8 18.4 34.1 152.3 3.5 5.9 34.0 151.7
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Equivalised income: 8th 10%-group Total male and female 2020* 6.3 37.0 38.5 173.5 11.0 16.1 38.5 169.3
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Equivalised income: 8th 10%-group Male 2020* 4.3 42.8 38.5 170.0 7.2 23.5 38.5 165.7
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Equivalised income: 8th 10%-group Female 2020* 2.0 22.9 38.5 184.5 3.7 8.7 38.5 177.7
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Equivalised income: 9th 10%-group Total male and female 2020* 8.2 45.0 44.8 222.7 13.2 25.4 44.8 216.8
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Equivalised income: 9th 10%-group Male 2020* 5.5 50.9 44.8 220.0 8.6 34.7 44.8 210.6
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Equivalised income: 9th 10%-group Female 2020* 2.7 31.0 44.9 226.9 4.6 14.2 44.8 225.2
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Equivalised income: 10th 10%-group Total male and female 2020* 12.5 65.2 61.8 390.2 17.5 46.6 60.6 380.1
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Equivalised income: 10th 10%-group Male 2020* 8.0 74.5 61.3 385.5 11.0 58.1 60.3 372.3
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Equivalised income: 10th 10%-group Female 2020* 4.6 46.8 62.6 395.9 6.6 29.4 61.2 391.8
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Wealth: 1st 10%-group Total male and female 2020* 5.6 23.5 28.8 -27.9 9.9 8.6 27.8 -26.3
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Wealth: 1st 10%-group Male 2020* 3.8 26.6 28.6 -27.3 6.5 11.0 28.1 -26.2
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Wealth: 1st 10%-group Female 2020* 1.8 16.8 29.1 -29.0 3.4 6.0 27.5 -26.7
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Wealth: 2nd 10%-group Total male and female 2020* 2.6 14.4 21.5 -0.8 5.0 5.5 21.2 -0.7
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Wealth: 2nd 10%-group Male 2020* 1.6 18.4 22.8 -1.0 3.1 6.8 22.0 -0.8
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Wealth: 2nd 10%-group Female 2020* 1.0 10.0 19.5 -0.5 1.9 3.9 20.0 -0.5
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Wealth: 3rd 10%-group Total male and female 2020* 2.5 16.2 22.9 3.2 4.7 5.5 22.3 3.1
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Wealth: 3rd 10%-group Male 2020* 1.5 20.9 24.6 3.3 2.9 6.6 23.4 3.1
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Wealth: 3rd 10%-group Female 2020* 1.0 11.2 20.5 3.2 1.9 4.2 20.9 3.2
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Wealth: 4th 10%-group Total male and female 2020* 4.0 22.7 27.7 14.1 6.9 9.2 27.0 14.2
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Wealth: 4th 10%-group Male 2020* 2.6 27.2 28.4 14.3 4.4 13.3 27.6 14.2
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Wealth: 4th 10%-group Female 2020* 1.4 15.0 25.8 13.8 2.5 5.6 26.0 14.1
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Wealth: 5th 10%-group Total male and female 2020* 5.2 26.8 30.9 43.3 8.9 10.1 30.8 43.3
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Wealth: 5th 10%-group Male 2020* 3.4 32.0 31.5 43.3 5.8 15.4 31.4 43.5
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Wealth: 5th 10%-group Female 2020* 1.8 15.2 29.5 43.1 3.2 5.6 29.5 42.9
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Wealth: 6th 10%-group Total male and female 2020* 6.3 30.8 33.5 93.2 10.7 11.6 33.2 93.0
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table contains statistics regarding income and capital of self-employed persons in the Netherlands. A distinction is made between, on the one hand, persons for whom self-employment provides for the main source of income, and on the other hand all persons with income from self-employed work. The figures in this table are broken down by type of self-employed person, sector, gender, age, migration background, position in the household, and by income and wealth decile groups.

All statistics in this table are at the individual level, this includes capital; (corporate) assets are summed per household and then assigned to all household members, thus serving as a measure of personal prosperity. The sample date for both population and capital is the first of January of the reporting year. For the older years 2007 up to and including 2010, capital is sampled on the first of January of the year following the reporting year.

The General Business Register (ABR) is used to determine the sector (SBI) of self-employed persons. The ABR has been subject to various trend breaks in the period 2007-2011. This leads to a sharp decrease in the number of self-employed persons in the financial services (sector K) in 2010. Therefore caution is advised when consulting sector trends or comparing numbers across sectors.

Data available from: 2007.

Status of the figures:
The figures for 2006 to 2019 are final. The figures for 2020 are preliminary.

Changes as of March 2022:
Figures on the wealth of the self-employed in 2010 were incorrect, and have been removed. For this year the wealth of 2011 applies, as 2011 marks a shift in sample date from December 31 to January 1. Missing wealth figures for 2013 have been supplemented.

Changes as of July 2021:
Revised data for 2006 to 2019 have been added. Due to the availability of new sources and improvements in the methodology, wealth figures have changed. Additionally everyone with personnel is now classified as self-employed with employee (formerly this distinction was based solely on the enterprise constituting the main source of income).

When will new figures be published?
New figures for 2021 will be published in December 2022.

Description topics

Self-employed, main income
Persons for whom self-employment provides for the main source of income.
Self-employed persons
Persons for whom self-employment provides for the main source of income.
Self-employed income
The income as a self-employed person comprises income from a self-owned company or practice, directorial wage, and other self-employed income (e.g. as a freelancer).

Median self-employed income
The income as a self-employed person comprises income from a self-owned company or practice, directorial wage, and other self-employed income (e.g. as a freelancer).

Median equivalised income
The disposable income is defined as the gross income minus current transfers paid (like alimony payments to an ex-partner), income insurance premiums, health insurance premiums and tax on income and wealth. Gross income is the sum of income from labour, income from self-employment, income from property, payments from the government and other receipts (like alimony payments by an ex-partner).

The equivalised income is the disposable income corrected for differences in household size and composition. The correction factor used reflects the advantages of scale of households with two or more members. The single person household is used as the reference household. The equivalised income is a measure of the prosperity of (members of) a household.


Self-employed wealth
The capital of the household to which the self-employed person belongs, assigned to all household members as a measure of wealth.
Median wealth
Balance of assets and liabilities of a household, allocated to the people in that household as an indicator of personal wealth.
Self-employed, all incomes
All persons with income from self-employed labour.
Self-employed persons
Persons for whom self-employment provides for the main source of income.
Self-employed income
The income as a self-employed person comprises income from a self-owned company or practice, directorial wage, and other self-employed income (e.g. as a freelancer).
Median self-employed income
The income as a self-employed person comprises income from a self-owned company or practice, directorial wage, and other self-employed income (e.g. as a freelancer).

Median equivalised income
The disposable income is defined as the gross income minus current transfers paid (like alimony payments to an ex-partner), income insurance premiums, health insurance premiums and tax on income and wealth. Gross income is the sum of income from labour, income from self-employment, income from property, payments from the government and other receipts (like alimony payments by an ex-partner).

The equivalised income is the disposable income corrected for differences in household size and composition. The correction factor used reflects the advantages of scale of households with two or more members. The single person household is used as the reference household. The equivalised income is a measure of the prosperity of (members of) a household.


Self-employed wealth
The capital of the household to which the self-employed person belongs, assigned to all household members as a measure of wealth.
Median wealth
Balance of assets and liabilities of a household, allocated to the people in that household as an indicator of personal wealth.