Self-employed persons; income, wealth, characteristics

Self-employed persons; income, wealth, characteristics

Type of self-employment Branches (SIC2008) Person characteristics Sex Periods Self-employed, main income Self-employed persons (x 1 000) Self-employed, main income Self-employed income Median self-employed income (1 000 euro) Self-employed, main income Self-employed income Median equivalised income (1 000 euro) Self-employed, main income Self-employed wealth Median wealth (1 000 euro) Self-employed, all incomes Self-employed persons (x 1 000) Self-employed, all incomes Self-employed income Median self-employed income (1 000 euro) Self-employed, all incomes Self-employed income Median equivalised income (1 000 euro) Self-employed, all incomes Self-employed wealth Median wealth (1 000 euro)
Self-employed B-F Manufacturing and energy Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 173.4 43.6 37.3 197.1 208.6 36.6 37.0 196.0
Self-employed O-Q Government and care Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 136.6 30.8 40.5 215.2 269.0 8.7 38.3 183.1
Self-employed A Agriculture, forestry and fishing Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 80.0 33.4 40.7 923.0 106.1 24.5 39.7 853.0
Self-employed B Mining and quarrying Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 0.1 . . 288.0 0.2 . . 307.4
Self-employed E Water supply and waste management Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 0.7 . . 268.2 0.8 . . 262.6
Self-employed G Wholesale and retail trade Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 132.2 36.2 39.4 301.2 180.3 22.4 38.0 259.8
Self-employed H Transportation and storage Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 23.2 33.4 36.0 247.2 30.6 23.3 35.2 230.9
Self-employed I Accommodation and food serving Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 33.4 20.2 32.8 202.1 47.4 13.5 33.0 191.7
Self-employed J Information and communication Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 38.3 46.2 40.9 218.7 67.4 14.2 39.0 182.1
Self-employed N Renting and other business support Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 41.2 33.4 37.2 201.5 71.0 11.4 35.3 173.2
Self-employed O Public administration and services Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 0.3 . . 270.5 6.1 1.2 42.4 259.9
Self-employed Q Health and social work activities Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 100.4 36.4 42.6 226.8 168.0 14.5 39.5 194.3
Self-employed R Culture, sports and recreation Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 40.4 16.7 31.7 160.2 74.5 6.7 32.3 131.3
Solo self-employed B-F Manufacturing and energy Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 131.3 40.7 35.8 160.1 160.8 33.9 35.6 162.7
Solo self-employed O-Q Government and care Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 110.6 24.3 37.8 186.9 240.2 6.5 36.9 166.9
Solo self-employed A Agriculture, forestry and fishing Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 56.7 30.6 38.7 884.8 79.1 21.0 38.0 803.6
Solo self-employed B Mining and quarrying Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 0.1 . . 255.6 0.2 . . 263.6
Solo self-employed E Water supply and waste management Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 0.4 . . 87.8 0.5 . . 89.9
Solo self-employed G Wholesale and retail trade Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 67.5 23.8 34.3 231.3 109.3 10.3 34.2 195.6
Solo self-employed H Transportation and storage Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 14.9 27.4 33.0 195.7 21.4 17.3 32.8 189.0
Solo self-employed I Accommodation and food serving Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 12.9 13.3 29.6 200.6 23.8 6.5 31.3 186.5
Solo self-employed J Information and communication Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 32.4 42.8 40.2 205.0 60.8 10.9 38.4 171.3
Solo self-employed N Renting and other business support Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 28.9 27.0 34.7 169.7 57.3 6.7 33.7 151.6
Solo self-employed O Public administration and services Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 0.3 . . 276.2 6.1 1.2 42.4 260.1
Solo self-employed Q Health and social work activities Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 78.0 27.2 39.0 189.5 143.6 10.3 37.3 170.1
Solo self-employed R Culture, sports and recreation Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 35.6 15.0 30.7 144.9 68.8 5.8 31.8 121.7
Self-employed with employees B-F Manufacturing and energy Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 36.6 60.3 45.2 423.9 38.7 58.5 45.1 427.2
Self-employed with employees O-Q Government and care Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 24.8 81.1 56.6 378.6 26.2 77.6 56.2 376.4
Self-employed with employees A Agriculture, forestry and fishing Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 21.0 46.0 46.5 1,092.8 23.6 42.4 46.1 1,086.4
Self-employed with employees B Mining and quarrying Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 0.0 . . . 0.0 . . .
Self-employed with employees E Water supply and waste management Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 0.3 . . 996.7 0.3 . . 1,009.3
Self-employed with employees G Wholesale and retail trade Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 61.8 51.2 45.3 398.7 66.1 48.7 45.0 396.4
Self-employed with employees H Transportation and storage Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 7.7 50.6 42.9 414.9 8.4 46.9 42.5 396.6
Self-employed with employees I Accommodation and food serving Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 20.1 25.2 35.1 202.8 22.6 23.0 34.9 196.7
Self-employed with employees J Information and communication Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 5.5 64.5 44.5 347.4 5.9 62.0 44.6 346.2
Self-employed with employees N Renting and other business support Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 11.5 53.6 44.1 305.2 12.3 51.0 43.9 300.8
Self-employed with employees O Public administration and services Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 0.0 . . . 0.0 . . .
Self-employed with employees Q Health and social work activities Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 21.5 88.3 59.0 401.9 22.5 85.2 58.8 402.2
Self-employed with employees R Culture, sports and recreation Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 4.6 36.1 40.4 308.8 5.1 32.8 40.2 296.9
Contributing family worker B-F Manufacturing and energy Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 5.5 6.0 33.9 225.2 9.2 5.0 36.5 220.8
Contributing family worker O-Q Government and care Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 1.2 11.0 49.2 373.5 2.6 0.0 48.3 304.5
Contributing family worker A Agriculture, forestry and fishing Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 2.3 8.0 35.1 610.7 3.5 5.0 37.1 612.9
Contributing family worker B Mining and quarrying Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 0.0 . . . 0.0 . . .
Contributing family worker E Water supply and waste management Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 0.0 . . . 0.0 . . .
Contributing family worker G Wholesale and retail trade Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 2.9 6.0 35.6 324.7 4.9 0.0 38.5 295.5
Contributing family worker H Transportation and storage Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 0.5 . . 243.7 0.8 . . 239.2
Contributing family worker I Accommodation and food serving Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 0.5 . . 222.8 1.0 0.0 32.4 203.6
Contributing family worker J Information and communication Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 0.4 . . 197.5 0.7 . . 213.1
Contributing family worker N Renting and other business support Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 0.8 . . 206.1 1.4 0.0 35.7 209.7
Contributing family worker O Public administration and services Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 0.0 . . . 0.0 . . .
Contributing family worker Q Health and social work activities Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 0.9 . . 407.4 1.9 4.5 53.4 336.7
Contributing family worker R Culture, sports and recreation Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 0.3 . . 234.7 0.5 . . 208.3
Entrepreneur B-F Manufacturing and energy Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 165.7 45.0 37.5 197.1 188.9 40.5 37.2 196.3
Entrepreneur O-Q Government and care Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 112.3 38.5 43.1 228.4 150.7 26.3 41.9 211.5
Entrepreneur A Agriculture, forestry and fishing Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 77.2 34.4 40.9 940.9 100.5 26.4 40.0 881.0
Entrepreneur B Mining and quarrying Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 0.1 . . 295.7 0.2 . . 312.7
Entrepreneur E Water supply and waste management Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 0.7 . . 280.1 0.8 . . 277.9
Entrepreneur G Wholesale and retail trade Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 127.1 37.8 39.7 304.1 162.1 27.2 38.6 273.6
Entrepreneur H Transportation and storage Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 22.3 34.7 36.2 250.2 27.4 27.2 35.8 239.2
Entrepreneur I Accommodation and food serving Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 32.3 20.6 32.9 200.6 41.4 16.0 33.1 193.3
Entrepreneur J Information and communication Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 36.0 49.4 41.6 224.1 48.8 32.1 40.6 200.9
Entrepreneur N Renting and other business support Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 38.0 36.3 38.1 206.4 48.4 27.1 37.5 194.1
Entrepreneur O Public administration and services Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 0.0 . . . 0.1 . . .
Entrepreneur Q Health and social work activities Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 79.9 47.9 46.4 251.4 100.5 36.3 45.0 234.9
Entrepreneur R Culture, sports and recreation Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 38.0 17.6 32.0 158.3 57.6 10.6 32.4 139.2
Entrepreneur without employees B-F Manufacturing and energy Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 129.1 41.1 35.9 160.7 150.2 36.2 35.7 162.5
Entrepreneur without employees O-Q Government and care Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 87.5 30.6 40.1 196.1 124.5 20.0 39.8 185.3
Entrepreneur without employees A Agriculture, forestry and fishing Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 56.2 30.7 38.8 889.5 76.9 21.9 38.2 821.1
Entrepreneur without employees B Mining and quarrying Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 0.1 . . 259.5 0.1 . . 263.3
Entrepreneur without employees E Water supply and waste management Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 0.4 . . 89.9 0.5 . . 90.1
Entrepreneur without employees G Wholesale and retail trade Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 65.3 24.5 34.6 235.2 96.0 13.5 34.6 209.1
Entrepreneur without employees H Transportation and storage Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 14.6 28.0 33.2 198.1 19.0 20.7 33.3 196.2
Entrepreneur without employees I Accommodation and food serving Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 12.2 13.7 29.6 197.3 18.8 8.9 31.0 189.3
Entrepreneur without employees J Information and communication Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 30.5 46.0 41.1 209.5 42.9 27.0 40.0 187.6
Entrepreneur without employees N Renting and other business support Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 26.5 29.5 35.6 173.2 36.1 20.1 35.6 166.1
Entrepreneur without employees O Public administration and services Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 0.0 . . . 0.1 . . .
Entrepreneur without employees Q Health and social work activities Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 58.4 36.7 42.7 207.7 78.0 26.5 42.0 197.8
Entrepreneur without employees R Culture, sports and recreation Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 33.5 15.8 30.9 142.6 52.5 9.4 31.7 127.0
Self-employed entrepreneur B-F Manufacturing and energy Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 141.8 41.9 36.6 164.3 162.7 37.5 36.2 164.8
Self-employed entrepreneur O-Q Government and care Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 101.0 34.6 41.8 206.3 138.0 23.3 40.9 193.2
Self-employed entrepreneur A Agriculture, forestry and fishing Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 72.8 33.3 40.7 908.2 95.5 25.3 39.8 851.8
Self-employed entrepreneur B Mining and quarrying Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 0.1 . . . 0.1 . . 170.0
Self-employed entrepreneur E Water supply and waste management Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 0.4 . . 78.5 0.4 . . 84.7
Self-employed entrepreneur G Wholesale and retail trade Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 99.2 31.2 38.1 244.8 131.2 20.9 37.1 222.7
Self-employed entrepreneur H Transportation and storage Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 17.8 29.2 34.0 198.5 22.4 22.6 34.0 195.0
Self-employed entrepreneur I Accommodation and food serving Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 28.3 18.7 31.8 175.6 36.9 14.5 32.3 172.5
Self-employed entrepreneur J Information and communication Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 27.3 41.4 41.0 181.6 39.1 23.8 39.7 165.2
Self-employed entrepreneur N Renting and other business support Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 31.8 32.1 36.8 174.2 41.5 23.3 36.4 167.4
Self-employed entrepreneur O Public administration and services Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 0.0 . . . 0.1 . . .
Self-employed entrepreneur Q Health and social work activities Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 70.6 42.6 44.9 223.5 90.1 32.0 43.7 210.9
Self-employed entrepreneur R Culture, sports and recreation Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 35.7 16.5 31.3 144.8 54.9 9.9 32.0 128.6
Self-empl. entrepreneur without employee B-F Manufacturing and energy Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 122.9 40.5 35.7 152.3 142.8 35.7 35.5 153.8
Self-empl. entrepreneur without employee O-Q Government and care Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 81.1 28.3 39.1 179.7 117.1 18.4 39.0 172.6
Self-empl. entrepreneur without employee A Agriculture, forestry and fishing Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 54.8 30.4 38.7 876.2 75.1 21.5 38.1 809.2
Self-empl. entrepreneur without employee B Mining and quarrying Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 0.1 . . . 0.1 . . 141.2
Self-empl. entrepreneur without employee E Water supply and waste management Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 0.3 . . 63.9 0.4 . . 64.9
Self-empl. entrepreneur without employee G Wholesale and retail trade Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 57.7 22.0 33.8 212.1 86.7 11.6 34.0 189.8
Self-empl. entrepreneur without employee H Transportation and storage Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 13.5 26.8 32.6 184.4 17.6 19.7 32.8 183.4
Self-empl. entrepreneur without employee I Accommodation and food serving Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 11.5 13.0 29.3 185.1 17.9 8.4 30.8 180.5
Self-empl. entrepreneur without employee J Information and communication Background: Netherlands Total male and female 2020* 25.5 40.3 40.8 183.0 37.1 22.3 39.5 165.2
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table contains statistics regarding income and capital of self-employed persons in the Netherlands. A distinction is made between, on the one hand, persons for whom self-employment provides for the main source of income, and on the other hand all persons with income from self-employed work. The figures in this table are broken down by type of self-employed person, sector, gender, age, migration background, position in the household, and by income and wealth decile groups.

All statistics in this table are at the individual level, this includes capital; (corporate) assets are summed per household and then assigned to all household members, thus serving as a measure of personal prosperity. The sample date for both population and capital is the first of January of the reporting year. For the older years 2007 up to and including 2010, capital is sampled on the first of January of the year following the reporting year.

The General Business Register (ABR) is used to determine the sector (SBI) of self-employed persons. The ABR has been subject to various trend breaks in the period 2007-2011. This leads to a sharp decrease in the number of self-employed persons in the financial services (sector K) in 2010. Therefore caution is advised when consulting sector trends or comparing numbers across sectors.

Data available from: 2007.

Status of the figures:
The figures for 2006 to 2019 are final. The figures for 2020 are preliminary.

Changes as of October 2021:
Figures for 2019 have been finalized. Figures for 2020 have been added.

Changes as of July 2021:
Revised data for 2006 to 2019 have been added. Due to the availability of new sources and improvements in the methodology, wealth figures have changed. Additionally everyone with personnel is now classified as self-employed with employee (formerly this distinction was based solely on the enterprise constituting the main source of income).

When will new figures be published?
New figures for 2021 will be published in December 2022.

Description topics

Self-employed, main income
Persons for whom self-employment provides for the main source of income.
Self-employed persons
Persons for whom self-employment provides for the main source of income.
Self-employed income
The income as a self-employed person comprises income from a self-owned company or practice, directorial wage, and other self-employed income (e.g. as a freelancer).

Median self-employed income
The income as a self-employed person comprises income from a self-owned company or practice, directorial wage, and other self-employed income (e.g. as a freelancer).

Median equivalised income
The disposable income is defined as the gross income minus current transfers paid (like alimony payments to an ex-partner), income insurance premiums, health insurance premiums and tax on income and wealth. Gross income is the sum of income from labour, income from self-employment, income from property, payments from the government and other receipts (like alimony payments by an ex-partner).

The equivalised income is the disposable income corrected for differences in household size and composition. The correction factor used reflects the advantages of scale of households with two or more members. The single person household is used as the reference household. The equivalised income is a measure of the prosperity of (members of) a household.


Self-employed wealth
The capital of the household to which the self-employed person belongs, assigned to all household members as a measure of wealth.
Median wealth
Balance of assets and liabilities of a household, allocated to the people in that household as an indicator of personal wealth.
Self-employed, all incomes
All persons with income from self-employed labour.
Self-employed persons
Persons for whom self-employment provides for the main source of income.
Self-employed income
The income as a self-employed person comprises income from a self-owned company or practice, directorial wage, and other self-employed income (e.g. as a freelancer).
Median self-employed income
The income as a self-employed person comprises income from a self-owned company or practice, directorial wage, and other self-employed income (e.g. as a freelancer).

Median equivalised income
The disposable income is defined as the gross income minus current transfers paid (like alimony payments to an ex-partner), income insurance premiums, health insurance premiums and tax on income and wealth. Gross income is the sum of income from labour, income from self-employment, income from property, payments from the government and other receipts (like alimony payments by an ex-partner).

The equivalised income is the disposable income corrected for differences in household size and composition. The correction factor used reflects the advantages of scale of households with two or more members. The single person household is used as the reference household. The equivalised income is a measure of the prosperity of (members of) a household.


Self-employed wealth
The capital of the household to which the self-employed person belongs, assigned to all household members as a measure of wealth.
Median wealth
Balance of assets and liabilities of a household, allocated to the people in that household as an indicator of personal wealth.