Labour income share, economic activity

Labour income share, economic activity

Branches Periods Labour income share (%) Compensation of employees (mln euro) Imputed labour income (mln euro) Net operating surplus (mln euro) Remuneration of labour (mln euro) Remuneration of labour and capital (mln euro)
A-U All economic activities 2020* 77.7 402,576 63,199 197,143 465,775 599,719
A Agriculture, forestry and fishing 2020* 92.3 3,804 4,615 5,320 8,419 9,124
B Mining and quarrying 2020* 83.4 864 8 182 872 1,046
B-E Industry (no construction), energy 2020* 69.1 51,117 5,213 30,410 56,330 81,527
C Manufacturing 2020* 69.2 45,784 4,354 26,716 50,138 72,500
D Energy supply 2020* 60.2 2,266 696 2,657 2,962 4,923
E Water supply and waste management 2020* 77.1 2,203 155 855 2,358 3,058
F Construction 2020* 79.6 19,753 9,457 16,962 29,210 36,715
G-I Trade, transport, hotels, catering 2020* 66.7 78,994 12,506 58,117 91,500 137,111
G Wholesale and retail trade 2020* 60.6 50,867 8,449 47,036 59,316 97,903
H Transportation and storage 2020* 79.9 20,413 1,709 7,283 22,122 27,696
I Accommodation and food serving 2020* 87.4 7,714 2,348 3,798 10,062 11,512
J Information and communication 2020* 74.0 20,976 2,311 10,501 23,287 31,477
K Financial institutions 2020* 48.1 18,628 530 21,201 19,158 39,829
L Renting, buying, selling real estate 2020* 36.8 4,067 2,811 14,623 6,878 18,690
M-N Business services 2020* 87.0 71,377 13,787 26,524 85,164 97,901
M Other specialised business services 2020* 88.2 40,357 9,932 16,650 50,289 57,007
N Renting and other business support 2020* 85.3 31,020 3,855 9,874 34,875 40,894
O-Q Government and care 2020* 98.8 123,219 8,663 10,332 131,882 133,551
O Public administration and services 2020* 100.0 36,433 0 0 36,433 36,433
P Education 2020* 100.7 28,279 1,375 1,155 29,654 29,434
Q Health and social work activities 2020* 97.2 58,507 7,288 9,177 65,795 67,684
R-U Culture, recreation, other services 2020* 101.1 10,641 3,306 3,153 13,947 13,794
R Culture, sports and recreation 2020* 102.7 4,324 766 634 5,090 4,958
S Other service activities 2020* 100.3 5,403 2,540 2,519 7,943 7,922
T Activities of households 2020* 100.0 914 0 0 914 914
U Extraterritorial organisations 2020* . . . . . .
68A Imp. rents owner-occupided dwellings 2020* 0.0 0 0 3,802 0 3,802
68B Real estate excl. imputed rents 2020* 46.2 4,067 2,811 10,821 6,878 14,888
A-U (excl. O and P) 2020* 74.9 337,864 61,824 195,988 399,688 533,852
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table presents data on the labour income share and the components used to calculate it. The labour income share is a measure of the distribution of earned income between providers of labour (employees and the self-employed) and providers of capital.

Data available from: 1995.

Status of the figures:
Data from 1995 up to and including 2018 are final. Data of 2019 and 2020 are provisional.

Changes as of July 7th 2021:
Data of 2020 have been added. Data of 2017, 2018, and 2019 have been revised. Mixed income of households in 2017 and 2018 is adjusted based on final data on the income of self-employed. Total income earned has not changed, but this adjustment has changed the shares of labor income and capital income.

When will new figures be published?
Provisional data are published 6 months after the end of the reporting year. Final data are released 18 months after the end of the reporting year.

Description topics

Labour income share
The share of compensation of labor (employees and self-employed) in the total earned income of a country.
Compensation of employees
The total compensation, in cash or in kind, due by an employer to an employee for the work performed during a reporting period. The compensation of employees is equal to the total of wages and social contributions at the expense of employers.
Imputed labour income
Imputed labour income by self-employed and family workers.
Net operating surplus
The surplus that remains after compensation of employees and taxes less subsidies on production and imports have been subtracted from the sum of value added at basic prices. For the self-employed (who are part of the sector households) the surplus is called mixed income, it is partly a reward for their entrepreneurship compensation for their labour.
Remuneration of labour
Remuneration of labour and capital