Approaches of domestic product (GDP); National Accounts

Approaches of domestic product (GDP); National Accounts

Periods GDP from the generation of income Value at current prices Taxes and subsidies Taxes on production and imports (million euros) GDP from the generation of income Value at prices of 2015 Taxes and subsidies Taxes on production and imports (million euros) GDP from the generation of income Volume changes on previous year Taxes and subsidies Taxes on production and imports (%) GDP from the generation of income Price indices Taxes and subsidies Taxes on production and imports (2015 =100) GDP from the final expenditure Value at current prices Imports of goods and services (-) Total (million euros) GDP from the final expenditure Value at current prices Imports of goods and services (-) Imports of goods (million euros) GDP from the final expenditure Value at current prices Imports of goods and services (-) Imports of services (million euros) GDP from the final expenditure Value at prices of 2015 Imports of goods and services (-) Total (million euros) GDP from the final expenditure Value at prices of 2015 Imports of goods and services (-) Imports of goods (million euros) GDP from the final expenditure Value at prices of 2015 Imports of goods and services (-) Imports of services (million euros) GDP from the final expenditure Volume changes on previous year Imports of goods and services (-) Total (%) GDP from the final expenditure Volume changes on previous year Imports of goods and services (-) Imports of goods (%) GDP from the final expenditure Volume changes on previous year Imports of goods and services (-) Imports of services (%) GDP from the final expenditure Price indices Imports of goods and services (-) Total (2015 =100) GDP from the final expenditure Price indices Imports of goods and services (-) Imports of goods (2015 =100) GDP from the final expenditure Price indices Imports of goods and services (-) Imports of services (2015 =100)
2021* 109,488 88,760 2.4 123.4 622,743 485,829 136,914 578,180 455,928 124,887 4.0 8.7 -8.8 107.7 106.6 109.6
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table presents annual data on the output components, the final expenditure categories and the income components of gross domestic product of the Netherlands. In the national accounts gross domestic product is approached from three points of view: from the output, from the generation of income and from the final expenditure. Gross domestic product is a main macroeconomic indicator. The volume change of gross domestic product is a measure for the economic growth of a country.

Data available from: 1995.

Status of the figures:
Data from 1995 up to and including 2020 are final. Data of 2021 are provisional.

Changes as of June 24th 2022:
Data of 2021 have been added to this table.

When will new figures be published?
Provisional data are published 6 months after the end of the reporting year. Final data are released 18 months after the end of the reporting year.

Description topics

GDP from the generation of income
The way GDP is formed by underlying components in the so-called income approach. In this approach the components are the incomes generated from production activities: compensation of employees and operating surplus / mixed income. To remain consistent with GDP at market prices, taxes less subsidies on production and imports (not necessarily product-related) are added.
Value at current prices
The values are expressed at prices of the reporting period. Alternatively, values may be expressed at constant prices. In this case, prices of a reference period are used.
Taxes and subsidies
Taxes and subsidies on production and imports, not necessarily product-related. This figures is needed to make GDP calculated by the income approach equal to GDP calculated by the production approach and the expenditure approach.
Taxes on production and imports
Taxes on production and imports are compulsory payments to the government and the European Union (EU), which are related to production, imports and to the use of production factors. Taxes on production and imports are classified into taxes on products and other taxes on production.
Value at prices of 2015
The values are expressed at prices of the reference period 2015 by taking account of inflation. Alternatively, values may be expressed at prices of the reporting period.
Taxes and subsidies
Taxes and subsidies on production and imports, not necessarily product-related. This figures is needed to make GDP calculated by the income approach equal to GDP calculated by the production approach and the expenditure approach.
Taxes on production and imports
Taxes on production and imports are compulsory payments to the government and the European Union (EU), which are related to production, imports and to the use of production factors. Taxes on production and imports are classified into taxes on products and other taxes on production.
Volume changes on previous year
The weighted average of the changes in the quantity and quality of the components of a certain goods or service transaction or balancing item, annual percentage changes.
Taxes and subsidies
Taxes and subsidies on production and imports, not necessarily product-related. This figures is needed to make GDP calculated by the income approach equal to GDP calculated by the production approach and the expenditure approach.
Taxes on production and imports
Taxes on production and imports are compulsory payments to the government and the European Union (EU), which are related to production, imports and to the use of production factors. Taxes on production and imports are classified into taxes on products and other taxes on production.
Price indices
The weighted average of the price changes of the components of a certain variable. Deflators relative to the reference year 2015.
Taxes and subsidies
Taxes and subsidies on production and imports, not necessarily product-related. This figures is needed to make GDP calculated by the income approach equal to GDP calculated by the production approach and the expenditure approach.
Taxes on production and imports
Taxes on production and imports are compulsory payments to the government and the European Union (EU), which are related to production, imports and to the use of production factors. Taxes on production and imports are classified into taxes on products and other taxes on production.
GDP from the final expenditure
The way GDP is formed by underlying components in the so-called expenditure approach. In this approach the components are consumption by households, consumption by the general government, gross fixed capital formation, changes in inventories and exports, minus imports. Consumption, fixed capital formation and changes in inventories add up to the so-called national final expenditure. By adding exports final expenditure is obtained. Intermediate consumption, goods and services used upon production, is not part of final expenditure.
Value at current prices
The values are expressed at prices of the reporting period. Alternatively, values may be expressed at constant prices. In this case, prices of a reference period are used.
Imports of goods and services (-)
Transactions in goods and services (sales, barter and gifts) from non-residents to residents (in the Netherlands). Imports of goods occurs when economic ownership of goods is passed from non-residents to residents. This applies irrespective of corresponding physical movements of goods across frontiers. An enterprise or institution is considered residential after it has been active in the Netherlands for at least one year. This applies irrespective of the question whether the enterprise or institute has foreign owners.
Total
Imports of goods
Transactions in goods (sales, barter and gifts) from non-residents to residents (in the Netherlands). Imports of goods occurs when economic ownership of goods is passed from non-residents to residents. This applies irrespective of corresponding physical movements of goods across frontiers. An enterprise or institution is considered residential after it has been active in the Netherlands for at least one year. This applies irrespective of the question whether the enterprise or institute has foreign owners. Part of the imports are raw materials, semifinished products, fuel and fixed assets. Furthermore, imports of goods may be re-exports: goods that were imported before being exported, after having received at most minor adaptations.
Imports of services
Transactions in services (sales, barter and gifts) from non-residents to residents (in the Netherlands). Imports of services applies among others to expenses made by Dutch companies abroad, like costs of transportation, banking costs and business travels. Imports by services are also made by the Dutch general government, among others by means of expenses made by Dutch embassies and consulates. Imports of services by households consist among others of imports of consumer goods and the direct consumptive expenditure by Dutch residents abroad.

Value at prices of 2015
The values are expressed at prices of the reference period 2015 by taking account of inflation. Alternatively, values may be expressed at prices of the reporting period.
Imports of goods and services (-)
Transactions in goods and services (sales, barter and gifts) from non-residents to residents (in the Netherlands). Imports of goods occurs when economic ownership of goods is passed from non-residents to residents. This applies irrespective of corresponding physical movements of goods across frontiers. An enterprise or institution is considered residential after it has been active in the Netherlands for at least one year. This applies irrespective of the question whether the enterprise or institute has foreign owners.
Total
De invoer van goederen en diensten bestaat uit de goederen- en dienstenstromen (verkoop, ruil en giften) van niet-ingezetenen naar ingezetenen. Invoer van goederen vindt plaats wanneer de economische eigendom van goederen door een niet-ingezetene wordt overgedragen aan een ingezetene, ongeacht of er sprake is van een fysieke grensoverschrijdende goederenbeweging.
Tot de invoer van goederen worden de goederen gerekend, die door niet-ingezetenen aan ingezetenen zijn geleverd. Hiertoe behoren ook voor verwerking in het productieproces benodigde grondstoffen, halffabricaten, brandstoffen en voor investeringen bestemde vaste activa. De invoer omvat verder goederen die, zonder noemenswaardige bewerking te hebben ondergaan, weer zijn uitgevoerd (wederuitvoer).
De invoer van diensten heeft onder meer betrekking op de uitgaven van Nederlandse bedrijven in het buitenland, zoals vervoerskosten, bankkosten en zakenreizen. Bij de overheid gaat het onder meer om uitgaven van Nederlandse ambassades en consulaten in het buitenland. De invoer door huishoudens bestaat onder meer uit ingevoerde consumptiegoederen en de directe consumptieve bestedingen van Nederlandse toeristen, grensbewoners, diplomaten en militairen in het buitenland.
Imports of goods
Transactions in goods (sales, barter and gifts) from non-residents to residents (in the Netherlands). Imports of goods occurs when economic ownership of goods is passed from non-residents to residents. This applies irrespective of corresponding physical movements of goods across frontiers. An enterprise or institution is considered residential after it has been active in the Netherlands for at least one year. This applies irrespective of the question whether the enterprise or institute has foreign owners. Part of the imports are raw materials, semifinished products, fuel and fixed assets. Furthermore, imports of goods may be re-exports: goods that were imported before being exported, after having received at most minor adaptations.
Imports of services
Transactions in services (sales, barter and gifts) from non-residents to residents (in the Netherlands). Imports of services applies among others to expenses made by Dutch companies abroad, like costs of transportation, banking costs and business travels. Imports by services are also made by the Dutch general government, among others by means of expenses made by Dutch embassies and consulates. Imports of services by households consist among others of imports of consumer goods and the direct consumptive expenditure by Dutch residents abroad.
Volume changes on previous year
The weighted average of the changes in the quantity and quality of the components of a certain goods or service transaction or balancing item, annual percentage changes.
Imports of goods and services (-)
Transactions in goods and services (sales, barter and gifts) from non-residents to residents (in the Netherlands). Imports of goods occurs when economic ownership of goods is passed from non-residents to residents. This applies irrespective of corresponding physical movements of goods across frontiers. An enterprise or institution is considered residential after it has been active in the Netherlands for at least one year. This applies irrespective of the question whether the enterprise or institute has foreign owners.

Total
Imports of goods
Transactions in goods (sales, barter and gifts) from non-residents to residents (in the Netherlands). Imports of goods occurs when economic ownership of goods is passed from non-residents to residents. This applies irrespective of corresponding physical movements of goods across frontiers. An enterprise or institution is considered residential after it has been active in the Netherlands for at least one year. This applies irrespective of the question whether the enterprise or institute has foreign owners. Part of the imports are raw materials, semifinished products, fuel and fixed assets. Furthermore, imports of goods may be re-exports: goods that were imported before being exported, after having received at most minor adaptations.
Imports of services
Transactions in services (sales, barter and gifts) from non-residents to residents (in the Netherlands). Imports of services applies among others to expenses made by Dutch companies abroad, like costs of transportation, banking costs and business travels. Imports by services are also made by the Dutch general government, among others by means of expenses made by Dutch embassies and consulates. Imports of services by households consist among others of imports of consumer goods and the direct consumptive expenditure by Dutch residents abroad.

Price indices
The weighted average of the price changes of the components of a certain variable. Deflators relative to the reference year 2015.
Imports of goods and services (-)
Transactions in goods and services (sales, barter and gifts) from non-residents to residents (in the Netherlands). Imports of goods occurs when economic ownership of goods is passed from non-residents to residents. This applies irrespective of corresponding physical movements of goods across frontiers. An enterprise or institution is considered residential after it has been active in the Netherlands for at least one year. This applies irrespective of the question whether the enterprise or institute has foreign owners.

Total
Imports of goods
Transactions in goods (sales, barter and gifts) from non-residents to residents (in the Netherlands). Imports of goods occurs when economic ownership of goods is passed from non-residents to residents. This applies irrespective of corresponding physical movements of goods across frontiers. An enterprise or institution is considered residential after it has been active in the Netherlands for at least one year. This applies irrespective of the question whether the enterprise or institute has foreign owners. Part of the imports are raw materials, semifinished products, fuel and fixed assets. Furthermore, imports of goods may be re-exports: goods that were imported before being exported, after having received at most minor adaptations.
Imports of services
Transactions in services (sales, barter and gifts) from non-residents to residents (in the Netherlands). Imports of services applies among others to expenses made by Dutch companies abroad, like costs of transportation, banking costs and business travels. Imports by services are also made by the Dutch general government, among others by means of expenses made by Dutch embassies and consulates. Imports of services by households consist among others of imports of consumer goods and the direct consumptive expenditure by Dutch residents abroad.