Structure national net lending/borrowing; National Accounts

Table description


This table presents annual figures about the structure of national net lending or net borrowing, starting from the gross domestic product. National net lending or net borrowing is the difference between the assets of the Netherlands on the rest of the world and the liabilities of the Netherlands to the rest of the world.
National net lending or net borrowing presents the amount all sectors together in the Netherlands can lend / invest or has to borrow, given the current and capital transactions.

Data available from: 1995.

Status of the figures:
Data from 1995 up to and including 2020 are final. Data of 2021 are provisional.

Adjustments as of September 23rd 2022:
The method for calculating the profits received from and paid to the rest of the world for non-financial corporations has been improved. This impacts several balancing items. As part of these profits pass through financial holdings, paid profits by financial institutions are also changed.

When will new figures be published?
Provisional data are published 6 months after the end of the reporting year. Final data are released 18 months after the end of the reporting year.

Description topics

Net current transfers from rest of world
The difference between current transfers received from the rest of the world and provided to the rest of the world.

When a residing enterprise has been active abroad for more than year, the local kind-of-activity unit is no longer considered a resident in the Netherlands but a resident in the country in which it is active. Vice versa, a kind-of-activity unit of foreign origin is no longer seen as a non-resident after it has been active in the Netherlands for more than one year. Resident persons who settle abroad are no longer seen as residents in the Netherlands but as residents in the country they moved to one year after they have left. Vice versa a foreigner who has settled in the Netherlands becomes a resident one year after he or she has moved in. Students are an exception to this rule. They are always considered residents in the country they lived in before commencing their study.
Current transfers from rest of world
Current taxes on income and wealth, social contributions, social benefits in cash and other current transfers received from rest of the world.
Social contributions
Social contributions received from rest of the world. Social contributions include social security contributions, private social contributions (among which contributions to pension schemes) and imputed social contributions. Employers, employees, self-employed persons and non-active persons pay these contributions. Actually, the employers' part is paid directly to the insurers. However, in the national accounts, the employers' contributions are supposed to be part of primary income of households (i.e. the income from direct participation in the production process). Therefore, in first instance these contributions are treated as payments by employers to households as compensation of employees, who are deemed to pay them to the insurers in the income account.
Social benefits in cash
Social benefits other than social transfers in kind is made up of three sub-headings:
Social security benefits in cash;
Other social insurance benefits;
Social assistance benefits in cash.

Current transfers paid to rest of world
Current taxes on income and wealth, social contributions, social benefits in cash and other current transfers paid to rest of the world.
Social contributions
Social contributions paid to the rest of the world. Social contributions include social security contributions, private social contributions (among which contributions to pension schemes) and imputed social contributions. Employers, employees, self-employed persons and non-active persons pay these contributions. Actually, the employers' part is paid directly to the insurers. However, in the national accounts, the employers' contributions are supposed to be part of primary income of households (i.e. the income from direct participation in the production process). Therefore, in first instance these contributions are treated as payments by employers to households as compensation of employees, who are deemed to pay them to the insurers in the income account.
Social benefits in cash
Social benefits other than social transfers in kind is made up of three sub-headings:
Social security benefits in cash;
Other social insurance benefits;
Social assistance benefits in cash.