Energy balance sheet; supply and consumption, sector

Energy balance sheet; supply and consumption, sector

Energy commodities Sectors Periods From supply Total Primary Energy Supply (PJ) From supply Indigenous production (PJ) From supply Receipts of energy (PJ) From supply Deliveries of energy (-) (PJ) From supply Stock change (PJ) From supply Statistical differences (PJ) From consumption Total energy consumption (PJ) From consumption Energy transformation Total net energy transformation (PJ) From consumption Own use (PJ) From consumption Distribution losses (PJ) From consumption Final energy consumption (PJ) From consumption Non-energy use (PJ)
Total energy commodities Industry (no energy sector) 2021** 1,075.4 107.8 1,385.9 415.0 -3.3 1,075.4 20.6 0.8 537.5 516.5
Total energy commodities Plastics and synthetic rubber industry 2021** 31.8 . 32.7 . . 31.8 0.8 0.0 30.6 0.3
Total energy commodities 202-206 Other chemical industry 2021** 17.4 . 22.9 . . 17.4 0.2 14.7 2.5
Total energy commodities Refractory, other ceramic industry 2021** 0.1 . 0.1 . . 0.1 0.1
Total energy commodities Iron and steel industry 2021** 32.3 . 112.2 . . 32.3 0.9 0.0 31.4 0.0
Total energy commodities Non-ferrous metal industry 2021** 10.4 . 10.5 . . 10.4 10.4
Total coal and coal products Industry (no energy sector) 2021** 17.5 90.8 69.8 -3.5 17.5 2.4 13.0 2.0
Total coal and coal products Plastics and synthetic rubber industry 2021**
Total coal and coal products 202-206 Other chemical industry 2021**
Total coal and coal products Refractory, other ceramic industry 2021**
Total coal and coal products Iron and steel industry 2021** 13.5 86.8 69.8 -3.5 13.5 2.4 11.1
Total coal and coal products Non-ferrous metal industry 2021**
Primary coals Industry (no energy sector) 2021** 1.3 1.3 0.0 1.3 1.2 0.2
Primary coals Plastics and synthetic rubber industry 2021**
Primary coals 202-206 Other chemical industry 2021**
Primary coals Refractory, other ceramic industry 2021**
Primary coals Iron and steel industry 2021** 0.4 0.4 0.0 0.4 0.4
Primary coals Non-ferrous metal industry 2021**
Total coal products Industry (no energy sector) 2021** 16.2 89.5 69.8 -3.5 16.2 2.4 11.9 1.8
Total coal products Plastics and synthetic rubber industry 2021**
Total coal products 202-206 Other chemical industry 2021**
Total coal products Refractory, other ceramic industry 2021**
Total coal products Iron and steel industry 2021** 13.1 86.4 69.8 -3.5 13.1 2.4 10.7
Total coal products Non-ferrous metal industry 2021**
Coke oven gas Industry (no energy sector) 2021** 5.7 9.2 3.5 5.7 0.2 5.5
Coke oven gas Plastics and synthetic rubber industry 2021**
Coke oven gas 202-206 Other chemical industry 2021**
Coke oven gas Refractory, other ceramic industry 2021**
Coke oven gas Iron and steel industry 2021** 5.7 9.2 3.5 5.7 0.2 5.5
Coke oven gas Non-ferrous metal industry 2021**
Blast furnace gas Industry (no energy sector) 2021** 4.0 25.6 21.6 4.0 2.3 1.7
Blast furnace gas Plastics and synthetic rubber industry 2021**
Blast furnace gas 202-206 Other chemical industry 2021**
Blast furnace gas Refractory, other ceramic industry 2021**
Blast furnace gas Iron and steel industry 2021** 4.0 25.6 21.6 4.0 2.3 1.7
Blast furnace gas Non-ferrous metal industry 2021**
Other coal products Industry (no energy sector) 2021** 6.5 54.7 44.7 -3.5 6.5 4.7 1.8
Other coal products Plastics and synthetic rubber industry 2021**
Other coal products 202-206 Other chemical industry 2021**
Other coal products Refractory, other ceramic industry 2021**
Other coal products Iron and steel industry 2021** 3.5 51.7 44.7 -3.5 3.5 3.5
Other coal products Non-ferrous metal industry 2021**
Total crude and petroleum products Industry (no energy sector) 2021** 553.1 25.2 746.6 218.1 -0.6 553.1 7.8 126.5 418.7
Total crude and petroleum products Plastics and synthetic rubber industry 2021** 0.9 6.2 0.9 6.2 0.9 0.9
Total crude and petroleum products 202-206 Other chemical industry 2021** 2.5 7.4 4.9 0.0 2.5 0.0 0.0 2.5
Total crude and petroleum products Refractory, other ceramic industry 2021**
Total crude and petroleum products Iron and steel industry 2021** 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.0
Total crude and petroleum products Non-ferrous metal industry 2021** 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Total crude Industry (no energy sector) 2021** 97.9 8.9 102.3 11.7 -1.6 97.9 36.0 61.9
Total crude Plastics and synthetic rubber industry 2021**
Total crude 202-206 Other chemical industry 2021** 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1
Total crude Refractory, other ceramic industry 2021**
Total crude Iron and steel industry 2021**
Total crude Non-ferrous metal industry 2021**
Total petroleum products Industry (no energy sector) 2021** 455.2 16.2 644.3 206.4 1.0 455.2 -28.1 126.5 356.8
Total petroleum products Plastics and synthetic rubber industry 2021** 0.9 6.2 0.9 6.2 0.9 0.9
Total petroleum products 202-206 Other chemical industry 2021** 2.5 7.4 4.9 0.0 2.5 -0.1 0.0 2.5
Total petroleum products Refractory, other ceramic industry 2021**
Total petroleum products Iron and steel industry 2021** 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.0
Total petroleum products Non-ferrous metal industry 2021** 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Residual gas Industry (no energy sector) 2021** 11.1 10.5 12.0 11.4 11.1 -92.5 103.6
Residual gas Plastics and synthetic rubber industry 2021** 0.7 6.2 0.7 6.2 0.7 0.7
Residual gas 202-206 Other chemical industry 2021**
Residual gas Refractory, other ceramic industry 2021**
Residual gas Iron and steel industry 2021**
Residual gas Non-ferrous metal industry 2021**
Lpg Industry (no energy sector) 2021** 81.6 111.1 29.0 -0.6 81.6 18.5 0.4 62.7
Lpg Plastics and synthetic rubber industry 2021** 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Lpg 202-206 Other chemical industry 2021** 1.3 1.3 1.3 0.0 1.3
Lpg Refractory, other ceramic industry 2021**
Lpg Iron and steel industry 2021** 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Lpg Non-ferrous metal industry 2021** 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Naphtha Industry (no energy sector) 2021** 322.6 429.3 108.0 1.4 322.6 73.1 249.5
Naphtha Plastics and synthetic rubber industry 2021**
Naphtha 202-206 Other chemical industry 2021**
Naphtha Refractory, other ceramic industry 2021**
Naphtha Iron and steel industry 2021**
Naphtha Non-ferrous metal industry 2021**
Gasoline Industry (no energy sector) 2021**
Gasoline Plastics and synthetic rubber industry 2021**
Gasoline 202-206 Other chemical industry 2021**
Gasoline Refractory, other ceramic industry 2021**
Gasoline Iron and steel industry 2021**
Gasoline Non-ferrous metal industry 2021**
Kerosene Industry (no energy sector) 2021** 1.7 3.3 1.8 0.2 1.7 0.4 0.0 1.3
Kerosene Plastics and synthetic rubber industry 2021**
Kerosene 202-206 Other chemical industry 2021** 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kerosene Refractory, other ceramic industry 2021**
Kerosene Iron and steel industry 2021**
Kerosene Non-ferrous metal industry 2021**
Heating and other gasoil Industry (no energy sector) 2021** 21.4 24.5 3.0 -0.1 21.4 0.0 20.7 0.8
Heating and other gasoil Plastics and synthetic rubber industry 2021** 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Heating and other gasoil 202-206 Other chemical industry 2021** 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Heating and other gasoil Refractory, other ceramic industry 2021**
Heating and other gasoil Iron and steel industry 2021** 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Heating and other gasoil Non-ferrous metal industry 2021** 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Fuel oil Industry (no energy sector) 2021**
Fuel oil Plastics and synthetic rubber industry 2021**
Fuel oil 202-206 Other chemical industry 2021**
Fuel oil Refractory, other ceramic industry 2021**
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table contains figures on the supply and consumption of energy broken down by sector and by energy commodity. The energy supply is equal to the indigenous production of energy plus the receipts minus the deliveries of energy plus the stock changes. Consumption of energy is equal to the sum of own use, distribution losses, final energy consumption, non-energy use and the total net energy transformation. For each sector, the supply of energy is equal to the consumption of energy.

For some energy commodities, the total of the observed domestic deliveries is not exactly equal to the sum of the observed domestic receipts. For these energy commodities, a statistical difference arises that can not be attributed to a sector.

The breakdown into sectors follows mainly the classification as is customary in international energy statistics. This classification is based on functions of various sectors in the energy system and for several break downs on the international Standard Industrial Classification (SIC). There are two main sectors: the energy sector (companies with main activity indigenous production or transformation of energy) and energy consumers (other companies, vehicles and dwellings). In addition to a breakdown by sector, there is also a breakdown by energy commodity, such as coal, various petroleum products, natural gas, renewable energy, electricity and heat.

The definitions used in this table are exactly in line with the definitions in the Energy Balance table; supply, transformation and consumption. That table does not contain a breakdown by sector (excluding final energy consumption), but it does provide information about imports, exports and bunkering and also provides more detail about the energy commodities.

Data available:
From: 1990.

Status of the figures:
Figures up to and including 2019 are definite. Figures of 2020 and 2021 are revised provisional.

Changes as of June 16th 2022:
Revised provisional figures added for 2021.

Changes as of 4 March 2022:
For period 2012 up to and including 2020 adjusted figures for deliveries of energy of electricity and total energy commodities for sector Water supply and waste management unknown have been added.

Changes as of 1 March 2022:
Figures for 1990 up to and including 2020 have been revised. The most important change is a different way of presenting own use of electricity of power-generating installations. Previously, this was regarded as electricity and CHP transformation input. From now on, this is seen as own use, as is customary in international energy statistics. As a result, the input and net energy transformation decrease and own use increases, on average about 15 PJ per year. Final consumers also have power generating installations. That's why final consumers now also have own use, previously this was not so. In the previous revision of 2021, the new sector blast furnaces was introduced for the years 2015 up to and including 2020, which describes the transformation of coke oven coke and coking coal into blast furnace gas that takes place in the production of pig iron from iron ore. This activity was previously part of the steel industry. With this revision, the change has been put back to 1990.

Changes as of 16th of December 2021:
Figures for 2015 until and including 2018 have been revised and the structure of table has been adapted. Major items are the following:
Blast furnaces have been introduced from 2015 onwards as separate sector and are not any more part of the iron and steel industry. Consequently, own use of the energy sector has increased about 10 PJ and final energy consumption has decreased about 10 PJ. This concerns the energy products cokes oven gas, blast furnace gas, natural gas and electricity. The transformation of coking coal and cokes into blast furnace gas is now part of the sector blast furnaces and not any more of iron and steel industry. An other item is the shift of transformation output of other oil products in the chemical industry outside the petrochemical industry to indigenous production (0.4 to 4 PJ each year). Both items are intended to more completely fulfill the international methodological standards on energy statistics. Additionally, for 2015 up to and including 2018 a few other improved insights in the energy balance of individual companies have been incorporated.

When will new figures be published?
Revised provisional figures: June/July of the following year.
Definite figures: December of the second following year.

Description topics

From supply
Calculated from supply energy consumption is indigenous production plus supply of energy minus delivery of energy plus stock change plus statistical differences.
Total Primary Energy Supply
The amount of energy primarily available for consumption in the Netherlands.
Indigenous production
Extraction of energy commodities from nature.

Fossil energy commodities - hard coal, crude oil and natural gas - are extracted from the earth. Renewable commodities include wind energy and biomass. Other commodities include, for example, nuclear energy and energy from waste.
Receipts of energy
Energy imported, bought or received in the Netherlands.
Deliveries of energy (-)
Energy exported, sold or delivered in the Netherlands.
Stock change
Changes in stock are calculated as opening stock minus closing stock, in accordance with international energy statistics guidelines. A positive figure means that stocks have decreased, and the supply of energy has thus increased. A negative figure means the opposite: an increase in stocks and a decrease in consumption.
Statistical differences
The difference between the energy supply and energy consumption of an energy commodity.

This difference arises because the figures on supply and consumption come from different sources
For many energy commodities, the difference is allocated to supply or consumption. Then this statistical difference is nil.
From consumption
Calculated from consumption energy consumption is net energy transformation plus own use plus distribution losses plus final energy consumption plus non-energy use.
Total energy consumption
The amount of energy used by companies, households and transport in the Netherlands. Energy can be used
- for transformation into other energy commodities, this is input minus the energy produced.
- as final consumption.
Energy transformation
Transformation of one energy commodity into another. This may be a transformation from a fuel into heat or power. It may also be a physical processing of one fuel into another, like the transformation of crude oil into motor gasoline.
Total net energy transformation
The difference between transformation input and transformation output.

Total net energy transformation is the sum of:
- Net electricity/CHP transformation
- Net other transformation.

For primary energy commodities, like natural gas and hard coal, net transformation is always positive. For secondary energy commodities, like electricity or gasoline it is always negative. Obviously, the output for these commodities is higher than the input. For the total of energy commodities, this is the amount of energy lost during the transformation of energy commodities.
Own use
The consumption of energy in installations for the production or transformation of energy and the consumption of energy by companies in the energy sector. This only concerns the necessary auxiliary energy, not the energy transformation input itself. The energy sector includes the extraction of crude petroleum and gas, coke-oven plants, blast furnaces, oil refineries and energy companies (sector D of the Standard Business Classification (SBI)). Examples of this own use are the combustion of fuels in oil refinery steam boilers to produce steam that brings the refining process to the desired temperature, the consumption of electricity for pumping natural gas from the ground, the consumption of electricity for transporting hard coal in a coal plant and the consumption of electricity by a waste incinerator for flue gas cleaning.
Distribution losses
Distribution losses of electricity and heat.

For electricity includes losses in energy distribution, transmission and transport.
Final energy consumption
Final consumption of energy. No useful energy commodity remains.

Examples are the combustion of natural gas in boilers, household electricity consumption and the consumption of motor fuels for transport.
Non-energy use
Use of an energy commodity for a product that is not energy. The energy used for the production process remains in the product. E.g. use of oil for the production of plastics, or natural gas for fertilisers.

Natural gas, non-energy use

To cope with differences in demand for natural gas in summer and winter there is a need for storage of natural gas.

An empty gas field could be adapted to be used as underground storage for natural gas (UGS). For this purpose a certain pressure is needed to facilitate quick extraction of stored natural gas.

The natural gas that has been injected in the empty field to raise the pressure is called cushion gas. This cushion gas is not part of natural gas as stocks, because it stays in the storage during the entire life time of the UGS.

The amount of natural gas injected in the field to be used as cushion gas is reflected in the energy balance sheet as part of non-energy use of natural gas.