Energy balance sheet; supply and consumption, sector

Energy balance sheet; supply and consumption, sector

Energy commodities Sectors Periods From supply Total Primary Energy Supply (PJ) From supply Indigenous production (PJ) From supply Receipts of energy (PJ) From supply Deliveries of energy (-) (PJ) From supply Stock change (PJ) From supply Statistical differences (PJ) From consumption Total energy consumption (PJ) From consumption Energy transformation Total net energy transformation (PJ) From consumption Energy sector own use (PJ) From consumption Distribution losses (PJ) From consumption Final energy consumption (PJ) From consumption Non-energy use (PJ)
Total energy commodities Manufacture of coke oven products 2020 ** 12.1 70.4 66.1 7.7 12.1 3.6 8.5
Total energy commodities Manufacture of refined petroleum 2020 ** 169.1 13.7 3,884.8 3,728.4 -1.0 169.1 41.5 127.6
Total energy commodities 10-12 Manufacture of food and beverages 2020 ** 82.9 . 83.4 . -0.1 82.9 2.3 80.3 0.3
Total energy commodities 10 Manufacture of food products 2020 ** 77.8 . 78.6 . -0.1 77.8 2.1 75.4 0.3
Total energy commodities 104 Manufacture of edible oils and fats 2020 ** 7.7 . 8.0 . -0.2 7.7 0.3 7.4
Total energy commodities 105 Manufacture of dairy products 2020 ** 15.8 . 15.3 . 15.8 0.2 15.7
Total energy commodities 107 Manufacture of bakery products 2020 ** . . . . . . . . .
Total energy commodities 108 Manufacture of other food 2020 ** . . . . . . . . .
Total energy commodities 109 Manufacture of animal foods 2020 ** . . . . . . . . . .
Total energy commodities 11 Manufacture of beverages 2020 ** . . . . . . . . . .
Total energy commodities 12 Manufacture of tobacco products 2020 ** . . . . . . . . . .
Total energy commodities 13-15 Man. of textile-, leatherproducts 2020 ** . . . . . . . . . .
Total energy commodities 13 Manufacture of textiles 2020 ** . . . . . . . . . .
Total energy commodities 14 Manufacture of wearing apparel 2020 ** . . . . . . . . . .
Total energy commodities 15 Manufacture of leather and footwear 2020 ** . . . . . . . . . .
Total energy commodities 16 Manufacture of wood products 2020 ** 2.3 . 0.8 . 2.3 0.3 2.0
Total energy commodities 17-18 Manufacture of paper and printing 2020 ** . . . . . . . . . .
Total energy commodities 17 Manufacture of paper 2020 ** . . . . . . . . . .
Total energy commodities 20 Manufacture of chemicals 2020 ** 816.5 . 1,061.1 . 2.8 816.5 11.6 293.0 511.8
Total energy commodities 201 Manufacture of basic chemicals 2020 ** 800.3 . 1,039.9 . 2.8 800.3 11.4 279.9 509.0
Total energy commodities 2011 Manufacture of industrial gases 2020 ** 41.8 . 48.3 . 41.8 1.5 15.6 24.8
Total energy commodities 2012 Manufacture of dyes and pigments 2020 ** 2.3 . 2.3 . 2.3 1.6 0.7
Total energy commodities 2013 Manuf. other inorganic basic chemic 2020 ** 45.5 . 48.9 . 0.0 45.5 3.7 25.9 15.9
Total energy commodities 2014 Manufacture organic basic chemicals 2020 ** 585.6 . 814.9 . 2.8 585.6 4.3 175.0 406.3
Total energy commodities 2015 Manufacture of fertilisers 2020 ** 93.3 . 93.4 . 93.3 0.9 31.1 61.3
Total energy commodities 21 Manufacture of pharmaceuticals 2020 ** 4.0 . 4.3 . 4.0 0.1 4.0
Total energy commodities 22 Manufacture rubber, plastic products 2020 ** 8.8 . 8.8 . 8.8 8.8
Total energy commodities 23 Manufacture of building materials 2020 ** . . . . . . . . . .
Total energy commodities 231 Manufacture of glass 2020 ** 7.8 . 7.8 . 7.8 7.8
Total energy commodities 233 Manufacture clay building materials 2020 ** . . . . . . . . . .
Total energy commodities 235 Manufacture of cement, lime, plaster 2020 ** . . . . . . . . .
Total energy commodities 236 Manufacture concrete etc. products 2020 ** 2.8 . 2.8 . 2.8 0.0 2.8
Total energy commodities 24 Manufacture of basic metals 2020 ** 103.6 . 143.8 . 1.6 103.6 59.3 44.3
Total energy commodities 25 Manufacture of metal products 2020 ** 11.1 . 10.9 . 11.1 0.0 11.1
Total energy commodities 26 Manufacture of electronic products 2020 ** 1.5 . 1.5 . 1.5 1.5
Total energy commodities 27 Manufacture of electric equipment 2020 ** 14.8 . 15.7 . 14.8 0.0 3.2 11.7
Total energy commodities 28 Manufacture of machinery n.e.c. 2020 ** 4.6 . 4.6 . 4.6 4.6
Total energy commodities 29 Manufacture of cars and trailers 2020 ** 2.6 . 2.9 . 2.6 2.6
Total energy commodities 30 Manufacture of other transport 2020 ** 1.5 . 1.5 . 1.5 1.5
Total energy commodities 31 Manufacture of furniture 2020 ** 1.9 . 1.8 . 1.9 1.9
Total energy commodities 32 Manufacture of other products 2020 ** 0.6 . 0.5 . 0.6 0.6
Total energy commodities Manufacturing unknown 2020 ** 3.0 . 2.8 . 3.0 0.9 2.1
Total energy commodities E Water supply and waste management 2020 ** 68.3 91.3 28.2 51.4 0.2 68.3 53.4 15.0
Total energy commodities 39 Remediation, other waste management 2020 ** 0.2 0.4 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1
Total energy commodities Water supply, waste management unknown 2020 ** 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0
Total coal and coal products Manufacture of coke oven products 2020 ** 10.9 69.2 66.1 7.7 10.9 3.6 7.3
Total coal and coal products Manufacture of refined petroleum 2020 **
Total coal and coal products 10-12 Manufacture of food and beverages 2020 ** 1.5 1.5 0.0 1.5 1.2 0.3
Total coal and coal products 10 Manufacture of food products 2020 ** 1.5 1.5 0.0 1.5 1.2 0.3
Total coal and coal products 104 Manufacture of edible oils and fats 2020 **
Total coal and coal products 105 Manufacture of dairy products 2020 **
Total coal and coal products 107 Manufacture of bakery products 2020 ** . . . . . . . . .
Total coal and coal products 108 Manufacture of other food 2020 ** . . . . . . . . .
Total coal and coal products 109 Manufacture of animal foods 2020 ** . . . . . . . . . .
Total coal and coal products 11 Manufacture of beverages 2020 ** . . . . . . . . . .
Total coal and coal products 12 Manufacture of tobacco products 2020 ** . . . . . . . . . .
Total coal and coal products 13-15 Man. of textile-, leatherproducts 2020 ** . . . . . . . . . .
Total coal and coal products 13 Manufacture of textiles 2020 ** . . . . . . . . . .
Total coal and coal products 14 Manufacture of wearing apparel 2020 ** . . . . . . . . . .
Total coal and coal products 15 Manufacture of leather and footwear 2020 ** . . . . . . . . . .
Total coal and coal products 16 Manufacture of wood products 2020 **
Total coal and coal products 17-18 Manufacture of paper and printing 2020 ** . . . . . . . . . .
Total coal and coal products 17 Manufacture of paper 2020 ** . . . . . . . . . .
Total coal and coal products 20 Manufacture of chemicals 2020 **
Total coal and coal products 201 Manufacture of basic chemicals 2020 **
Total coal and coal products 2011 Manufacture of industrial gases 2020 **
Total coal and coal products 2012 Manufacture of dyes and pigments 2020 **
Total coal and coal products 2013 Manuf. other inorganic basic chemic 2020 **
Total coal and coal products 2014 Manufacture organic basic chemicals 2020 **
Total coal and coal products 2015 Manufacture of fertilisers 2020 **
Total coal and coal products 21 Manufacture of pharmaceuticals 2020 **
Total coal and coal products 22 Manufacture rubber, plastic products 2020 ** 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Total coal and coal products 23 Manufacture of building materials 2020 ** . . . . . . . . . .
Total coal and coal products 231 Manufacture of glass 2020 **
Total coal and coal products 233 Manufacture clay building materials 2020 ** . . . . . . . . . .
Total coal and coal products 235 Manufacture of cement, lime, plaster 2020 ** . . . . . . . . .
Total coal and coal products 236 Manufacture concrete etc. products 2020 **
Total coal and coal products 24 Manufacture of basic metals 2020 ** 73.2 107.0 35.5 1.6 73.2 61.9 11.3
Total coal and coal products 25 Manufacture of metal products 2020 **
Total coal and coal products 26 Manufacture of electronic products 2020 **
Total coal and coal products 27 Manufacture of electric equipment 2020 ** 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Total coal and coal products 28 Manufacture of machinery n.e.c. 2020 **
Total coal and coal products 29 Manufacture of cars and trailers 2020 **
Total coal and coal products 30 Manufacture of other transport 2020 **
Total coal and coal products 31 Manufacture of furniture 2020 **
Total coal and coal products 32 Manufacture of other products 2020 **
Total coal and coal products Manufacturing unknown 2020 ** 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Total coal and coal products E Water supply and waste management 2020 ** 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Total coal and coal products 39 Remediation, other waste management 2020 **
Total coal and coal products Water supply, waste management unknown 2020 **
Primary coals Manufacture of coke oven products 2020 ** 75.2 67.6 0.4 8.0 75.2 75.2
Primary coals Manufacture of refined petroleum 2020 **
Primary coals 10-12 Manufacture of food and beverages 2020 ** 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.2 0.1
Primary coals 10 Manufacture of food products 2020 ** 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.2 0.1
Primary coals 104 Manufacture of edible oils and fats 2020 **
Primary coals 105 Manufacture of dairy products 2020 **
Primary coals 107 Manufacture of bakery products 2020 ** . . . . . . . . .
Primary coals 108 Manufacture of other food 2020 ** . . . . . . . . .
Primary coals 109 Manufacture of animal foods 2020 ** . . . . . . . . . .
Primary coals 11 Manufacture of beverages 2020 ** . . . . . . . . . .
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table contains figures on the supply and consumption of energy broken down by sector and by energy commodity. The energy supply is equal to the indigenous production of energy plus the receipts minus the deliveries of energy plus the stock changes. Consumption of energy is equal to the sum of own use in the energy sector, distribution losses, final energy consumption, non-energy use and the total net energy transformation. For each sector, the supply of energy is equal to the consumption of energy.

For some energy commodities, the total of the observed domestic deliveries is not exactly equal to the sum of the observed domestic receipts. For these energy commodities, a statistical difference arises that can not be attributed to a sector.

The breakdown into sectors follows mainly the classification as is customary in international energy statistics. This classification is based on functions of various sectors in the energy system and for several break downs on the international Standard Industrial Classification. There are two main sectors: the energy sector (companies with main activity indigenous production or transformation of energy) and energy consumers (other companies, vehicles and dwellings). In accordance with international conventions, own use of energy companies only occurs within the energy sector and final energy consumption only for energy consumers. In addition to a breakdown by sector, there is also a breakdown by energy commodity, such as coal, various petroleum products, natural gas, renewable energy, electricity and heat.

The definitions used in this table are exactly in line with the definitions in the Energy Balance table; supply, transformation and consumption. That table does not contain a breakdown by sector (excluding final energy consumption), but it does provide information about imports, exports and bunkering and also provides more detail about the energy commodities.

Data available:
From: 1990.

Status of the figures:
Figures up to and including 2018 are definite. Figures of 2019 and 2020 are revised provisional.

Changes as of 9th of July 2021:
Provisional figures of 2020 have been added.

Changes as of 16th of December 2020:
Figures of 2018 and 2019 have been adjusted. Figures for 2015, 2016 and 2017 have been revised.
The most important items for the revision are:
- As a result of comparison with administrative sources the figures natural gas consumption in chemistry and food industry have been improved. In the food industry final consumption of natural gas is about 5 PJ lower now and chemistry it is 1-2 PJ lower in 2016 and 2017 and about 10 PJ lower in 2015.
- For stocks of natural gas we have introduced a new method using the data of the national grid operator in a different way and including data from AGSI (Aggregated gas storage inventory). For 2017 the new method results in a shift from primary production to stock change of 20 PJ.
- New insights of a study on district heating were incorporated in the data. More information you find in the link below in chapter 4 for Warmtemonitor 2019. This resulted including auxiliary boilers with natural gas (1-2 PJ), 4-5 PJ higher distribution losses and improved data on heat production. However, not all improvements were incorporated yet, resulting in a break in the time series for final consumption of heat in the services sector, which is now probably a few PJ too low in 2015 and 2016.
- Because of increased interest in heat from chemical processes we had a closer look at this data for some companies. As a result production is now about 3 PJ higher.
- With regard to refinery gas we have improved insight in the efficiency of the conversion of these gases to natural gas. This result in lower primary production and transformation input of refinery gas.


When will new figures be published?
Revised provisional figures: June/July of the following year.
Definite figures: December of the second following year.

Description topics

From supply
Calculated from supply energy consumption is indigenous production plus supply of energy minus delivery of energy plus stock change plus statistical differences
Total Primary Energy Supply
The amount of energy primarily available for consumption in the Netherlands.
Indigenous production
Extraction of energy commodities from nature.

Fossil energy commodities - coal, crude oil and natural gas - are extracted from the earth. Renewable commodities include wind energy and biomass. Other commodities include, for example, nuclear energy and energy from waste.
Receipts of energy
Energy imported, bought or received in the Netherlands.
Deliveries of energy (-)
Energy exported, sold or delivered in the Netherlands.
Stock change
Changes in stock are calculated as opening stock minus closing stock, in accordance with international energy statistics guidelines. A positive figure means that stocks have decreased, and the supply of energy has thus increased. A negative figure means the opposite: an increase in stocks and a decrease in consumption.
Statistical differences
The difference between the energy supply and energy consumption of an energy commodity.

This difference arises because the figures on supply and consumption come from different sources
For many energy commodities, the difference is allocated to supply or consumption. Then this statistical difference is nil.
From consumption
Calculated from consumption energy consumption is net energy transformation plus own use energy sector plus distribution losses plus final energy consumption plus non-energy use.
Total energy consumption
The amount of energy used by companies, households and transport in the Netherlands. Energy can be used
- for transformation into other energy commodities, this is input minus the energy produced.
- as final consumption.
Energy transformation
Transformation of one energy commodity into another. This may be a transformation from a fuel into heat or power. It may also be a physical processing of one fuel into another, like the transformation of crude oil into motor gasoline.
Total net energy transformation
The difference between transformation input and transformation output.

Total net energy transformation is the sum of:
- Net electricity/CHP transformation
- Net other transformation.

For primary energy commodities, like natural gas and coal, net transformation is always positive. For secondary energy commodities, like electricity or gasoline it is always negative. Obviously, the output for these commodities is higher than the input. For the total of energy commodities, this is the amount of energy lost during the transformation of energy commodities.
Energy sector own use
Own use of the energy sector in the Netherlands.
Distribution losses
Distribution losses of electricity and heat.

For electricity includes losses in energy distribution, transmission and transport.
Final energy consumption
Final consumption of energy. No useful energy commodity remains.

Examples are the combustion of natural gas in boilers, household electricity consumption and the consumption of motor fuels for transport.
Non-energy use
Use of an energy commodity for a product that is not energy. The energy used for the production process remains in the product. E.g. use of oil for the production of plastics, or natural gas for fertilisers.

Natural gas, non-energy use

To cope with differences in demand for natural gas in summer and winter there is a need for storage of natural gas.

An empty gas field could be adapted to be used as underground storage for natural gas (UGS). For this purpose a certain pressure is needed to facilitate quick extraction of stored natural gas.

The natural gas that has been injected in the empty field to raise the pressure is called cushion gas. This cushion gas is not part of natural gas as stocks, because it stays in the storage during the entire life time of the UGS.

The amount of natural gas injected in the field to be used as cushion gas is reflected in the energy balance sheet as part of non-energy use of natural gas.