Energy balance sheet; supply and consumption, sector

Energy balance sheet; supply and consumption, sector

Energy commodities Sectors Periods From supply Total Primary Energy Supply (PJ) From supply Indigenous production (PJ) From supply Receipts of energy (PJ) From supply Deliveries of energy (-) (PJ) From supply Stock change (PJ) From supply Statistical differences (PJ) From consumption Total energy consumption (PJ) From consumption Energy transformation Total net energy transformation (PJ) From consumption Energy sector own use (PJ) From consumption Distribution losses (PJ) From consumption Final energy consumption (PJ) From consumption Non-energy use (PJ)
Gasoline Total energy sector and final users 2020 ** -552.2 954.3 1,491.3 -15.2 -552.2 -707.6 155.3
Gasoline Total energy sector 2020 ** -164.9 37.4 202.5 0.3 -164.9 -164.9
Gasoline Extraction of crude petroleum and gas 2020 **
Gasoline Coke-oven plants 2020 **
Gasoline Blast furnaces 2020 **
Gasoline Oil refineries 2020 ** -164.9 37.4 202.5 0.3 -164.9 -164.9
Gasoline Total energy companies 2020 **
Gasoline Total final users of energy 2020 ** -387.3 916.9 1,288.8 -15.4 -387.3 -542.6 155.3
Gasoline Industry (no energy sector) 2020 **
Gasoline Mining and quarrying, incl services 2020 **
Gasoline 08 Mining and quarrying (no oil and gas) 2020 **
Gasoline 099 Services for other mining 2020 **
Gasoline 10-12 Manufacture of food and beverages 2020 **
Gasoline 10 Manufacture of food products 2020 **
Gasoline 101 Slaughtering, processing of meat 2020 **
Gasoline 102 Processing of fish 2020 ** . . . . . . . . .
Gasoline 103 Processing of vegetables and fruit 2020 **
Gasoline 104 Manufacture of edible oils and fats 2020 **
Gasoline 105 Manufacture of dairy products 2020 **
Gasoline 106 Grain milling and starch products 2020 **
Gasoline 107 Manufacture of bakery products 2020 ** . . . . . . . . .
Gasoline 108 Manufacture of other food 2020 ** . . . . . . . . .
Gasoline 109 Manufacture of animal foods 2020 **
Gasoline 11 Manufacture of beverages 2020 **
Gasoline 12 Manufacture of tobacco products 2020 **
Gasoline 13-15 Man. of textile-, leatherproducts 2020 **
Gasoline 13 Manufacture of textiles 2020 **
Gasoline 14 Manufacture of wearing apparel 2020 **
Gasoline 15 Manufacture of leather and footwear 2020 **
Gasoline 16 Manufacture of wood products 2020 **
Gasoline 17-18 Manufacture of paper and printing 2020 **
Gasoline 17 Manufacture of paper 2020 **
Gasoline 18 Printing and reproduction 2020 **
Gasoline 20-21 Chemistry and pharmaceuticals 2020 **
Gasoline 20 Manufacture of chemicals 2020 **
Gasoline 201 Manufacture of basic chemicals 2020 **
Gasoline 2011 Manufacture of industrial gases 2020 **
Gasoline 2012 Manufacture of dyes and pigments 2020 **
Gasoline 2013 Manuf. other inorganic basic chemic 2020 **
Gasoline 2014 Manufacture organic basic chemicals 2020 **
Gasoline 2015 Manufacture of fertilisers 2020 **
Gasoline Plastics and synthetic rubber industry 2020 **
Gasoline 202-206 Other chemical industry 2020 **
Gasoline 21 Manufacture of pharmaceuticals 2020 **
Gasoline 22 Manufacture rubber, plastic products 2020 **
Gasoline 23 Manufacture of building materials 2020 **
Gasoline 231 Manufacture of glass 2020 **
Gasoline Refractory, other ceramic industry 2020 **
Gasoline 233 Manufacture clay building materials 2020 **
Gasoline 235 Manufacture of cement, lime, plaster 2020 ** . . . . . . . . .
Gasoline 236 Manufacture concrete etc. products 2020 **
Gasoline Stone dressing, other mineral products 2020 ** . . . . . . . . .
Gasoline Total basic metals, no blast furnaces 2020 **
Gasoline Iron and steel industry 2020 **
Gasoline Non-ferrous metal industry 2020 **
Gasoline 25-28 Metal products and machine indus.. 2020 **
Gasoline 25 Manufacture of metal products 2020 **
Gasoline 26 Manufacture of electronic products 2020 **
Gasoline 27 Manufacture of electric equipment 2020 **
Gasoline 28 Manufacture of machinery n.e.c. 2020 **
Gasoline 29-30 Transport equipment 2020 **
Gasoline 29 Manufacture of cars and trailers 2020 **
Gasoline 30 Manufacture of other transport 2020 **
Gasoline 31 Manufacture of furniture 2020 **
Gasoline 32 Manufacture of other products 2020 **
Gasoline Manufacturing unknown 2020 **
Gasoline F Construction 2020 **
Gasoline Total domestic transport 2020 ** 155.3 155.3 155.3 155.3
Gasoline Domestic aviation 2020 ** 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Gasoline Road transport 2020 ** 155.3 155.3 155.3 155.3
Gasoline Rail transport 2020 **
Gasoline Pipeline transport 2020 **
Gasoline Domestic navigation 2020 **
Gasoline Transport non-specified 2020 **
Gasoline Other sectors, total 2020 ** -542.6 761.6 1,288.8 -15.4 -542.6 -542.6
Gasoline Services, waste, water and repair 2020 ** -542.6 761.6 1,288.8 -15.4 -542.6 -542.6
Gasoline 33 Repair and installation of machinery 2020 **
Gasoline E Water supply and waste management 2020 **
Gasoline 36 Water collection and distribution 2020 **
Gasoline 37 Sewerage 2020 **
Gasoline 38 Waste collection and treatment 2020 **
Gasoline 39 Remediation, other waste management 2020 **
Gasoline Water supply, waste management unknown 2020 **
Gasoline G-S, U Services 2020 ** -542.6 761.6 1,288.8 -15.4 -542.6 -542.6
Gasoline G Wholesale and retail trade 2020 ** -10.9 289.9 299.5 -1.3 -10.9 -10.9
Gasoline H Transportation and storage 2020 ** -531.8 471.6 989.3 -14.2 -531.8 -531.8
Gasoline I Accommodation and food serving 2020 **
Gasoline J Information and communication 2020 **
Gasoline K Financial institutions 2020 **
Gasoline L Renting, buying, selling real estate 2020 **
Gasoline M Other specialised business services 2020 **
Gasoline N Renting and other business support 2020 **
Gasoline O Public administration and services 2020 **
Gasoline P Education 2020 **
Gasoline Q Health and social work activities 2020 **
Gasoline R Culture, sports and recreation 2020 **
Gasoline S Other service activities 2020 **
Gasoline U Extraterritorial organisations 2020 **
Gasoline Services unknown 2020 **
Gasoline Dwellings 2020 **
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table contains figures on the supply and consumption of energy broken down by sector and by energy commodity. The energy supply is equal to the indigenous production of energy plus the receipts minus the deliveries of energy plus the stock changes. Consumption of energy is equal to the sum of own use in the energy sector, distribution losses, final energy consumption, non-energy use and the total net energy transformation. For each sector, the supply of energy is equal to the consumption of energy.

For some energy commodities, the total of the observed domestic deliveries is not exactly equal to the sum of the observed domestic receipts. For these energy commodities, a statistical difference arises that can not be attributed to a sector.

The breakdown into sectors follows mainly the classification as is customary in international energy statistics. This classification is based on functions of various sectors in the energy system and for several break downs on the international Standard Industrial Classification. There are two main sectors: the energy sector (companies with main activity indigenous production or transformation of energy) and energy consumers (other companies, vehicles and dwellings). In accordance with international conventions, own use of energy companies only occurs within the energy sector and final energy consumption only for energy consumers. In addition to a breakdown by sector, there is also a breakdown by energy commodity, such as coal, various petroleum products, natural gas, renewable energy, electricity and heat.

The definitions used in this table are exactly in line with the definitions in the Energy Balance table; supply, transformation and consumption. That table does not contain a breakdown by sector (excluding final energy consumption), but it does provide information about imports, exports and bunkering and also provides more detail about the energy commodities.

Data available:
From: 1990.

Status of the figures:
Figures up to and including 2018 are definite. Figures of 2019 and 2020 are revised provisional.


Changes as of 16th of December 2021:
Figures for 2015 until and including 2018 have been revised and the structure of table has been adapted. Major items are the following:
Blast furnaces have been introduced from 2015 onwards as separate sector and are not any more part of the iron and steel industry. Consequently, own use of the energy sector has increased about 10 PJ and final energy consumption has decreased about 10 PJ. This concerns the energy products cokes oven gas, blast furnace gas, natural gas and electricity. The transformation of coking coal and cokes into blast furnace gas is now part of the sector blast furnaces and not any more of iron and steel industry. An other item is the shift of transformation output of other oil products in the chemical industry outside the petrochemical industry to indigenous production (0.4 to 4 PJ each year). Both items are intended to more completely fulfill the international methodological standards on energy statistics. Additionally, for 2015 up to and including 2018 a few other improved insights in the energy balance of individual companies have been incorporated.


When will new figures be published?
Revised provisional figures: June/July of the following year.
Definite figures: December of the second following year.

Description topics

From supply
Calculated from supply energy consumption is indigenous production plus supply of energy minus delivery of energy plus stock change plus statistical differences.
Total Primary Energy Supply
The amount of energy primarily available for consumption in the Netherlands.
Indigenous production
Extraction of energy commodities from nature.

Fossil energy commodities - coal, crude oil and natural gas - are extracted from the earth. Renewable commodities include wind energy and biomass. Other commodities include, for example, nuclear energy and energy from waste.
Receipts of energy
Energy imported, bought or received in the Netherlands.
Deliveries of energy (-)
Energy exported, sold or delivered in the Netherlands.
Stock change
Changes in stock are calculated as opening stock minus closing stock, in accordance with international energy statistics guidelines. A positive figure means that stocks have decreased, and the supply of energy has thus increased. A negative figure means the opposite: an increase in stocks and a decrease in consumption.
Statistical differences
The difference between the energy supply and energy consumption of an energy commodity.

This difference arises because the figures on supply and consumption come from different sources
For many energy commodities, the difference is allocated to supply or consumption. Then this statistical difference is nil.
From consumption
Calculated from consumption energy consumption is net energy transformation plus own use energy sector plus distribution losses plus final energy consumption plus non-energy use.
Total energy consumption
The amount of energy used by companies, households and transport in the Netherlands. Energy can be used
- for transformation into other energy commodities, this is input minus the energy produced.
- as final consumption.
Energy transformation
Transformation of one energy commodity into another. This may be a transformation from a fuel into heat or power. It may also be a physical processing of one fuel into another, like the transformation of crude oil into motor gasoline.
Total net energy transformation
The difference between transformation input and transformation output.

Total net energy transformation is the sum of:
- Net electricity/CHP transformation
- Net other transformation.

For primary energy commodities, like natural gas and coal, net transformation is always positive. For secondary energy commodities, like electricity or gasoline it is always negative. Obviously, the output for these commodities is higher than the input. For the total of energy commodities, this is the amount of energy lost during the transformation of energy commodities.
Energy sector own use
Own use of the energy sector in the Netherlands.
Distribution losses
Distribution losses of electricity and heat.

For electricity includes losses in energy distribution, transmission and transport.
Final energy consumption
Final consumption of energy. No useful energy commodity remains.

Examples are the combustion of natural gas in boilers, household electricity consumption and the consumption of motor fuels for transport.
Non-energy use
Use of an energy commodity for a product that is not energy. The energy used for the production process remains in the product. E.g. use of oil for the production of plastics, or natural gas for fertilisers.

Natural gas, non-energy use

To cope with differences in demand for natural gas in summer and winter there is a need for storage of natural gas.

An empty gas field could be adapted to be used as underground storage for natural gas (UGS). For this purpose a certain pressure is needed to facilitate quick extraction of stored natural gas.

The natural gas that has been injected in the empty field to raise the pressure is called cushion gas. This cushion gas is not part of natural gas as stocks, because it stays in the storage during the entire life time of the UGS.

The amount of natural gas injected in the field to be used as cushion gas is reflected in the energy balance sheet as part of non-energy use of natural gas.