Purchasing power development; person characteristics

Purchasing power development; person characteristics

Sex Person characteristics Periods Median development purchasing power (%) Persons with purchasing power decrease (%) Persons with purchasing power increase (%) Purchasing power development(percentile) 20th percentile (%) Purchasing power development(percentile) 40th percentile (%) Purchasing power development(percentile) 60th percentile (%) Purchasing power development(percentile) 80th percentile (%)
Total male and female Total persons 2020* 2.2 33.1 66.9 -5.9 1.0 4.6 12.8
Total male and female Age: 0 to 14 years 2020* 3.9 32.0 68.0 -5.3 1.8 6.1 13.4
Total male and female Age: 15 to 24 years 2020* 5.3 33.8 66.2 -7.7 2.2 8.7 19.6
Total male and female Age: 25 to 44 years 2020* 3.9 33.8 66.2 -7.5 1.6 6.4 15.6
Total male and female Age: 45 to 64 years 2020* 2.5 34.9 65.1 -6.5 1.1 4.6 12.6
Total male and female Age: 65 years or older 2020* 1.0 30.2 69.8 -2.9 0.7 1.4 3.8
Total male and female Background: Netherlands 2020* 2.2 32.9 67.1 -5.5 1.0 4.4 12.0
Total male and female Background: western 2020* 2.0 34.7 65.3 -7.3 0.8 4.4 13.9
Total male and female Background: non-western 2020* 3.1 33.4 66.6 -7.3 1.2 6.2 17.5
Total male and female Pos. in hh.: main earner 2020* 1.8 30.9 69.1 -4.3 1.0 3.4 10.9
Total male and female Pos. in hh.: main earner without partner 2020* 1.6 27.7 72.3 -3.0 1.1 2.5 9.2
Total male and female Pos. in hh.: main earner with partner 2020* 2.0 32.7 67.3 -4.5 0.8 4.0 11.0
Total male and female Pos. in hh.: partner of main earner 2020* 2.0 32.7 67.3 -4.5 0.8 4.0 11.0
Total male and female Pos. in hh.: child underage 2020* 4.2 31.3 68.7 -4.9 2.0 6.4 13.9
Total male and female Pos. in hh.: child of age 2020* 5.1 31.4 68.6 -5.2 2.3 8.3 17.9
Total male and female Pos. in hh.: other member 2020* 3.0 36.1 63.9 -7.3 1.0 5.7 15.0
Total male and female SEC: employee 2020* 4.0 31.0 69.0 -4.5 2.1 6.2 13.7
Total male and female SEC: self-employed (total) 2020* 1.2 46.8 53.2 -16.8 -2.8 5.3 19.5
Total male and female SEC: benefit recipient and pensioner 2020* 1.1 30.0 70.0 -3.1 0.7 1.5 4.4
Total male and female SEC: benefit claimant 2020* 1.5 30.5 69.5 -4.7 1.1 2.2 9.0
Total male and female SEC: claiming unemployment benefit 2020* 0.0 49.9 50.1 -16.0 -3.9 3.2 12.2
Total male and female SEC: claiming social provision benefit 2020* 1.5 25.9 74.1 -2.3 1.2 1.9 7.6
Total male and female SEC: claiming disability benefit 2020* 1.6 32.9 67.1 -5.7 1.0 2.8 9.9
Total male and female SEC: pensioner 2020* 1.0 29.3 70.7 -2.4 0.7 1.3 3.1
Total male and female SEC: (school) child or student 2020* 4.0 33.1 66.9 -6.0 1.7 6.4 14.5
Total male and female SEC: other (without income) 2020* 2.1 35.1 64.9 -6.4 0.8 4.1 11.8
Male Total persons 2020* 2.4 33.6 66.4 -6.1 1.0 4.8 13.1
Male Age: 0 to 14 years 2020* 3.9 32.0 68.0 -5.3 1.8 6.1 13.4
Male Age: 15 to 24 years 2020* 5.3 33.7 66.3 -7.5 2.2 8.7 19.3
Male Age: 25 to 44 years 2020* 3.9 34.2 65.8 -7.9 1.5 6.4 15.8
Male Age: 45 to 64 years 2020* 2.6 34.4 65.6 -6.3 1.2 4.7 12.6
Male Age: 65 years or older 2020* 0.9 32.8 67.2 -4.0 0.6 1.4 4.5
Male Background: Netherlands 2020* 2.3 33.4 66.6 -5.7 0.9 4.6 12.3
Male Background: western 2020* 2.1 35.2 64.8 -7.7 0.8 4.6 14.2
Male Background: non-western 2020* 3.2 33.8 66.2 -7.7 1.2 6.4 18.1
Male Pos. in hh.: main earner 2020* 1.9 32.1 67.9 -4.7 0.9 3.7 11.2
Male Pos. in hh.: main earner without partner 2020* 1.7 29.4 70.6 -4.0 1.1 3.0 10.2
Male Pos. in hh.: main earner with partner 2020* 1.9 32.7 67.3 -4.4 0.8 3.9 10.7
Male Pos. in hh.: partner of main earner 2020* 2.7 33.0 67.0 -5.2 1.1 4.9 12.3
Male Pos. in hh.: child underage 2020* 4.2 31.3 68.7 -4.9 2.0 6.4 14.0
Male Pos. in hh.: child of age 2020* 4.8 32.0 68.0 -5.4 2.1 7.9 17.5
Male Pos. in hh.: other member 2020* 3.0 36.2 63.8 -7.5 1.0 5.7 15.5
Male SEC: employee 2020* 4.0 30.4 69.6 -4.1 2.2 6.1 13.5
Male SEC: self-employed (total) 2020* 1.0 47.3 52.7 -17.4 -3.1 5.2 19.7
Male SEC: benefit recipient and pensioner 2020* 1.1 31.3 68.7 -3.5 0.7 1.5 4.7
Male SEC: benefit claimant 2020* 1.5 29.2 70.8 -4.1 1.2 2.1 8.8
Male SEC: claiming unemployment benefit 2020* 0.1 49.8 50.2 -16.7 -4.0 3.5 13.2
Male SEC: claiming social provision benefit 2020* 1.5 24.1 75.9 -1.5 1.3 1.9 7.0
Male SEC: claiming disability benefit 2020* 1.7 31.3 68.7 -5.1 1.1 2.7 9.9
Male SEC: pensioner 2020* 0.9 31.4 68.6 -3.0 0.6 1.3 3.5
Male SEC: (school) child or student 2020* 4.0 33.1 66.9 -6.0 1.7 6.4 14.4
Male SEC: other (without income) 2020* 2.0 34.7 65.3 -6.9 0.8 4.0 12.6
Female Total persons 2020* 2.1 32.7 67.3 -5.6 1.0 4.4 12.6
Female Age: 0 to 14 years 2020* 3.9 32.0 68.0 -5.3 1.8 6.1 13.4
Female Age: 15 to 24 years 2020* 5.4 34.0 66.0 -8.0 2.1 8.8 19.8
Female Age: 25 to 44 years 2020* 4.0 33.5 66.5 -7.1 1.6 6.4 15.3
Female Age: 45 to 64 years 2020* 2.4 35.3 64.7 -6.7 1.0 4.5 12.6
Female Age: 65 years or older 2020* 1.1 27.8 72.2 -2.1 0.7 1.4 3.3
Female Background: Netherlands 2020* 2.0 32.4 67.6 -5.2 1.0 4.2 11.8
Female Background: western 2020* 2.0 34.2 65.8 -7.0 0.9 4.3 13.6
Female Background: non-western 2020* 3.0 33.1 66.9 -6.9 1.2 6.0 17.0
Female Pos. in hh.: main earner 2020* 1.7 28.5 71.5 -3.5 1.1 2.8 10.3
Female Pos. in hh.: main earner without partner 2020* 1.6 26.4 73.6 -2.3 1.1 2.2 8.5
Female Pos. in hh.: main earner with partner 2020* 2.7 32.9 67.1 -5.2 1.1 4.9 12.3
Female Pos. in hh.: partner of main earner 2020* 1.9 32.7 67.3 -4.4 0.8 3.9 10.7
Female Pos. in hh.: child underage 2020* 4.2 31.3 68.7 -4.9 2.0 6.4 13.9
Female Pos. in hh.: child of age 2020* 5.6 30.5 69.5 -4.8 2.8 8.8 18.3
Female Pos. in hh.: other member 2020* 3.0 36.0 64.0 -7.1 1.0 5.6 14.8
Female SEC: employee 2020* 4.0 31.6 68.4 -4.9 2.0 6.2 13.9
Female SEC: self-employed (total) 2020* 1.5 45.8 54.2 -15.7 -2.4 5.6 19.0
Female SEC: benefit recipient and pensioner 2020* 1.1 28.9 71.1 -2.7 0.8 1.5 4.1
Female SEC: benefit claimant 2020* 1.5 31.6 68.4 -5.1 1.1 2.3 9.1
Female SEC: claiming unemployment benefit 2020* 0.0 50.0 50.0 -15.2 -3.8 3.0 11.4
Female SEC: claiming social provision benefit 2020* 1.5 27.2 72.8 -2.8 1.2 2.0 8.0
Female SEC: claiming disability benefit 2020* 1.6 34.1 65.9 -6.2 0.9 2.9 9.9
Female SEC: pensioner 2020* 1.0 27.5 72.5 -1.8 0.7 1.4 2.8
Female SEC: (school) child or student 2020* 4.1 33.1 66.9 -6.1 1.7 6.5 14.6
Female SEC: other (without income) 2020* 2.2 35.2 64.8 -6.4 0.8 4.1 11.7
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table contains figures on the development of dynamic purchasing power of persons. The purchasing power development is only shown for persons with equal characteristics in the reporting year and the year before. The figures in this table are broken down into different person characteristics, like position in the household and age. The population consists of all persons in private households with income on January 1st of the reporting year.

Data available from: 2012.

Status of the figures:
The figures in this table for the period 2012 to 2019 are final. The figures for the period 2020 are preliminary.

Changes as of 15 September 2021:
Figures for 2019 have been finalized. Figures for 2020 have been added.

When will new figures be published?
New figures will be published in September 2022.

Description topics

Median development purchasing power
Purchasing power is defined as the equivalised household income adjusted for price developments, which are based on the consumer price index (CPI). Purchasing power is used to determine income changes (in real terms), but may also be used to determine (developments in) differences in prosperity between individuals or households.

The development is measured by the median change in purchasing power. The median is defined as the value separating the higher half from the lower half. In simple terms, it may be thought of as the 'middle' value of a data set.

Persons with purchasing power decrease
Percentage of the selected population with a decreasing purchasing power.
Persons with purchasing power increase
Percentage of the selected population with an increasing purchasing power.
Purchasing power development(percentile)
The individual purchasing power developments are ordered from low to high. Percentiles indicate the purchasing power development boundaries. A corresponding percentage of the population has a lower purchasing power development.
20th percentile
20 percent of the population has a lower purchasing power development than this value or has an equal purchasing power development.
40th percentile
40 percent of the population has a lower purchasing power development than this value or has an equal purchasing power development.
60th percentile
60 percent of the population has a lower purchasing power development than this value or has an equal purchasing power development.
80th percentile
80 percent of the population has a lower purchasing power development than this value or has an equal purchasing power development.