Welfare of persons; key figures

Welfare of persons; key figures

Sex Person characteristics Periods Equivalised income Number of persons (x 1 000) Equivalised income Mean equivalised income (1 000 euro) Personal income Number of persons with income (x 1 000) Personal income Mean personal income (1 000 euro) Median development purchasing power (%) Persons economically independent (%) Low-income persons (%)
Total male and female Total persons 2021* 17,094.9 36.0 13,946.0 35.8 0.3 73.9 5.4
Total male and female Age: 0 to 14 years 2021* 2,685.8 34.8 134.3 0.9 1.8 7.3
Total male and female Age: 15 to 24 years 2021* 2,075.9 35.6 1,899.7 13.0 3.8 75.0 4.2
Total male and female Age: 25 to 44 years 2021* 4,252.9 35.9 4,112.8 41.8 2.0 79.8 5.6
Total male and female Age: 45 to 64 years 2021* 4,755.2 40.5 4,483.5 47.3 0.6 69.1 6.3
Total male and female Age: 65 years or older 2021* 3,325.0 30.8 3,315.6 27.1 -1.1 37.0 2.8
Total male and female Background: Dutch 2021* . . . . . . .
Total male and female Background: western 2021* . . . . . . .
Total male and female Background: non-western 2021* . . . . . . .
Total male and female Pos. in hh.: main earner 2021* 7,948.7 33.5 7,908.7 46.3 -0.3 81.1 6.8
Total male and female Pos. in hh.: main earner without partner 2021* 3,653.7 27.0 3,620.0 34.1 -0.5 67.7 11.7
Total male and female Pos. in hh.: main earner with partner 2021* 4,295.1 39.0 4,288.7 56.7 0.0 91.0 2.9
Total male and female Pos. in hh.: partner of main earner 2021* 4,295.1 39.0 3,926.1 25.6 0.0 62.5 2.9
Total male and female Pos. in hh.: child underage 2021* 3,219.7 35.5 611.9 2.8 2.1 50.9 6.6
Total male and female Pos. in hh.: child of age 2021* 1,373.4 41.6 1,303.9 19.6 3.8 73.8 2.5
Total male and female Pos. in hh.: other member 2021* 257.9 37.7 195.4 21.9 1.5 54.8 3.9
Total male and female SEC: employee 2021* 6,726.3 39.9 6,726.3 46.1 1.9 92.5 1.1
Total male and female SEC: self-employed (total) 2021* 1,330.2 48.2 1,330.2 51.3 1.0 78.6 5.2
Total male and female SEC: benefit recipient and pensioner 2021* 4,527.1 28.4 4,527.1 25.1 -1.0 4.1 10.4
Total male and female SEC: benefit claimant 2021* 1,224.0 23.1 1,224.0 20.1 -0.6 1.8 31.2
Total male and female SEC: claiming unemployment benefit 2021* 102.8 29.1 102.8 25.8 -0.6 8.6 8.8
Total male and female SEC: claiming social provision benefit 2021* 608.1 18.2 608.1 14.6 -0.6 0.1 52.4
Total male and female SEC: claiming disability benefit 2021* 513.0 27.7 513.0 25.4 -0.4 2.4 10.9
Total male and female SEC: pensioner 2021* 3,303.1 30.4 3,303.1 27.0 -1.1 17.8 2.9
Total male and female SEC: (school) child or student 2021* 4,078.6 34.3 1,362.3 4.9 2.1 6.2
Total male and female SEC: other (without income) 2021* 432.6 31.9 -0.1 0.0 11.5
Male Total persons 2021* 8,499.9 36.8 7,011.7 43.9 0.5 81.4 5.2
Male Age: 0 to 14 years 2021* 1,376.0 34.7 66.8 1.0 1.8 7.3
Male Age: 15 to 24 years 2021* 1,058.0 36.6 958.9 14.1 3.9 76.0 4.2
Male Age: 25 to 44 years 2021* 2,133.9 36.4 2,095.7 48.9 2.0 85.7 5.3
Male Age: 45 to 64 years 2021* 2,368.6 41.4 2,328.4 59.5 0.8 79.0 5.9
Male Age: 65 years or older 2021* 1,563.4 32.2 1,561.8 33.8 -1.1 49.5 2.9
Male Background: Dutch 2021* . . . . . . .
Male Background: western 2021* . . . . . . .
Male Background: non-western 2021* . . . . . . .
Male Pos. in hh.: main earner 2021* 5,074.8 36.0 5,052.2 51.9 -0.1 85.1 5.3
Male Pos. in hh.: main earner without partner 2021* 1,617.1 29.3 1,599.2 38.7 -0.3 71.5 11.9
Male Pos. in hh.: main earner with partner 2021* 3,457.7 39.1 3,452.9 58.1 -0.1 91.6 2.4
Male Pos. in hh.: partner of main earner 2021* 846.7 39.1 800.3 31.5 0.5 68.6 4.7
Male Pos. in hh.: child underage 2021* 1,649.3 35.5 306.6 3.0 2.1 56.4 6.6
Male Pos. in hh.: child of age 2021* 810.1 41.9 763.7 21.8 3.5 74.2 2.6
Male Pos. in hh.: other member 2021* 119.0 37.9 88.9 24.6 1.6 59.8 4.2
Male SEC: employee 2021* 3,442.9 40.1 3,442.9 55.3 2.0 96.2 0.9
Male SEC: self-employed (total) 2021* 849.7 48.8 849.7 59.1 0.9 86.1 5.0
Male SEC: benefit recipient and pensioner 2021* 2,062.1 29.1 2,062.1 30.9 -1.0 5.7 10.7
Male SEC: benefit claimant 2021* 549.8 22.3 549.8 22.5 -0.6 2.5 33.0
Male SEC: claiming unemployment benefit 2021* 51.5 27.5 51.5 29.7 -0.3 11.4 8.9
Male SEC: claiming social provision benefit 2021* 274.7 17.9 274.7 14.9 -0.7 0.1 56.1
Male SEC: claiming disability benefit 2021* 223.6 26.5 223.6 30.0 -0.4 3.5 10.9
Male SEC: pensioner 2021* 1,512.3 31.6 1,512.3 33.9 -1.2 26.2 2.8
Male SEC: (school) child or student 2021* 2,058.4 34.5 656.9 4.8 2.1 6.3
Male SEC: other (without income) 2021* 86.8 24.4 -0.5 0.0 24.4
Female Total persons 2021* 8,594.9 35.2 6,934.3 27.6 0.1 66.3 5.5
Female Age: 0 to 14 years 2021* 1,309.8 34.8 67.5 0.9 1.8 7.2
Female Age: 15 to 24 years 2021* 1,017.9 34.5 940.7 11.9 3.8 73.9 4.2
Female Age: 25 to 44 years 2021* 2,119.0 35.4 2,017.1 34.4 1.9 73.8 5.9
Female Age: 45 to 64 years 2021* 2,386.7 39.6 2,155.2 34.1 0.5 59.2 6.7
Female Age: 65 years or older 2021* 1,761.6 29.6 1,753.8 21.0 -1.0 24.7 2.8
Female Background: Dutch 2021* . . . . . . .
Female Background: western 2021* . . . . . . .
Female Background: non-western 2021* . . . . . . .
Female Pos. in hh.: main earner 2021* 2,873.9 29.1 2,856.5 36.4 -0.5 73.2 9.5
Female Pos. in hh.: main earner without partner 2021* 2,036.5 25.2 2,020.8 30.4 -0.6 63.9 11.6
Female Pos. in hh.: main earner with partner 2021* 837.4 38.8 835.7 50.8 0.5 88.9 4.7
Female Pos. in hh.: partner of main earner 2021* 3,448.3 39.0 3,125.8 24.1 -0.1 61.0 2.4
Female Pos. in hh.: child underage 2021* 1,570.5 35.6 305.3 2.5 2.1 34.3 6.5
Female Pos. in hh.: child of age 2021* 563.3 41.1 540.1 16.5 4.3 73.0 2.4
Female Pos. in hh.: other member 2021* 139.0 37.6 106.5 19.6 1.4 50.4 3.8
Female SEC: employee 2021* 3,283.4 39.7 3,283.4 36.3 1.8 88.7 1.3
Female SEC: self-employed (total) 2021* 480.5 47.3 480.5 37.5 1.3 65.6 5.4
Female SEC: benefit recipient and pensioner 2021* 2,465.0 27.9 2,465.0 20.4 -1.0 2.8 10.2
Female SEC: benefit claimant 2021* 674.2 23.8 674.2 18.1 -0.5 1.1 29.6
Female SEC: claiming unemployment benefit 2021* 51.3 30.6 51.3 21.8 -0.8 5.8 8.6
Female SEC: claiming social provision benefit 2021* 333.4 18.5 333.4 14.4 -0.6 0.0 49.5
Female SEC: claiming disability benefit 2021* 289.4 28.6 289.4 21.8 -0.4 1.6 10.9
Female SEC: pensioner 2021* 1,790.9 29.4 1,790.9 21.2 -1.0 12.0 3.0
Female SEC: (school) child or student 2021* 2,020.2 34.1 705.4 5.0 2.1 6.1
Female SEC: other (without income) 2021* 345.9 33.8 0.0 0.0 8.6
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table aims to show the distribution of welfare of persons in the Netherlands, measured by their income.
The figures in this table are broken down to different person characteristics.

The population consists of all persons in private households with income on January 1st of the reporting year.
In the population for the subject low-income persons, persons in both student households and households with income only for a part of the year have been excluded.
The population for the subject economic independence consists of all persons aged from 15 to the OAP-age in private households with income on January 1st of the reporting year, except for students and pupils.

Data available from: 2011

Status of the figures:
The figures for 2011 to 2020 are final. The figures for 2021 are preliminary.

Changes as of 2 December 2022:
The preliminary figures for 2021 have been added.

When will new figures be published?
New figures will be published in the fall of 2023.
New figures on expenditures are expected early 2023.

Description topics

Equivalised income
The disposable income is defined as the gross income minus current transfers paid (like alimony payments to an ex-partner), income insurance premiums, health insurance premiums and tax on income and wealth. Gross income is the sum of income from labour, income from self-employment, income from property, payments from the government and other receipts (like alimony payments by an ex-partner).

The equivalised income is the disposable income corrected for differences in household size and composition. The correction factor used reflects the advantages of scale of households with two or more members. The single person household is used as the reference household. The equivalised income is a measure of the prosperity of (members of) a household.
Number of persons
Number of persons in private households with a known income on January 1st of the reporting year whose household income is well-known.
Mean equivalised income
Mean standardised disposable income per person.
Personal income
Personal income is defined as income from labour, income from self-employment, allowances from income insurance (like unemployment benefits) and social facilities (except for child benefits). Premiums for income insurance (except for national insurances like social welfare) are deducted from the personal income.
Number of persons with income
Number of persons with personal income in private households on January 1st of the reporting year.
Mean personal income
Mean personal income per person.

Personal income is defined as income from labour, income from self-employment, allowances from income insurance (like unemployment benefits) and social facilities (except for child benefits). Premiums for income insurance (except for national insurances like social welfare) are deducted from the personal income.
Median development purchasing power
Purchasing power is defined as the equivalised household income adjusted for price developments, which are based on the consumer price index (CPI). Purchasing power is used to determine income changes (in real terms), but may also be used to determine (developments in) differences in prosperity between individuals or households.

The development is measured by the median change in purchasing power. The median is defined as the value separating the higher half from the lower half. In simple terms, it may be thought of as the "middle" value of a data set.


Persons economically independent
Number of economically independent persons as a percentage of all persons in a category.

Economic independence in accordance with policy is connected to the social benefit level of a single person. Someone is considered to be economically independent if the personal net income from work (employed as well as self-employed) is equal to or exceeds this level.
Low-income persons
Number of persons living in a household with an income below the low-income threshold as a percentage of all persons in a category.

The low-income threshold represents the same purchasing power for all households and is adjusted annually for price changes using the consumer price index (CPI). The level is based on the welfare benefit level for a single person in 1979.