Welfare of households; key figures

Welfare of households; key figures

Household characteristics Periods Income inequality (Gini coefficient) Wealth inequality (Gini coefficient)
Source: Social provisions benefit 2021* 0.114 0.925
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table aims to show the distribution of welfare of private households, measured by their income, expenditures and wealth.
The figures in this table are broken down to different household characteristics.

The population consists of all private households with income on January 1st of the reporting year.
In the population for the subject low-income households, both student households and households with income only for a part of the year have been excluded.

Data available from: 2011

Status of the figures:
The figures for 2011 to 2020 are final. The figures for 2021 are preliminary.

Changes as of 13 January 2023:
The final expenditures for 2020 have been added.

When will new figures be published?
New figures will be published in the fall of 2023.

Description topics

Income inequality
The Gini coefficient is a common measure for inequality. The value of the Gini coefficient varies between 0 (everyone has the same income) and 1 (one household has all the income, the others have none).
The Gini coefficient is calculated as the half of the mean income difference between households, divided by the mean income. In case of negative incomes, the Gini coefficient is normalized. The coefficient is based on the standardized disposable income.
Wealth inequality
The Gini coefficient is a common measure for inequality. The value of the Gini coefficient varies between 0 (everyone has the same income) and 1 (one household has all the income, the others have none).
The Gini coefficient is calculated as the half of the mean wealth difference between households, divided by the mean wealth. In case of negative wealth, the Gini coefficient is normalized.