Emissions to air on Dutch territory; stationary sources

Emissions to air on Dutch territory; stationary sources

Sources Periods CO2 (million kgs) NMVOC (million kgs) CH4 (million kgs) SO2 (million kgs) NOx (million kgs) NH3 (million kgs) PM10 (million kgs)
Households in autonomous homes 2020* 16,700 46.4 13.3 0.4 7.6 6.8 6.53
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description

This table contains figures on the emissions in the Netherlands by stationary sources. These are actual emissions in or above Dutch territory.
The calculation of emissions by stationary sources is among other data sources based on specifications in the annual emission reports of separate enterprises and additional estimates based on production and energy data provided by Statistics Netherlands.
According to the activity classification (SIC 2008) the coke factory of Tata Steel belongs to the energy sector. In this table it’s emissions are assigned to the category manufacture of iron and steel.

Data available from: 1990

Status of the figures:
All figures up to and including reporting year 2019 are final. The figures for 2020 are provisional. In order to obtain a consistent time series the complete data set is (re)calculated when necessary, so as to be able to include the latest insights in the survey, especially in the case of emission factors.

Changes as of 5 October 2021:
Addition of provisional figures for 2020.

Changes as of 12 March 2021:
The previously published CO2 data for 2019 has been corrected. The CO2 emissions from energy supply were 400 million kg too high. This is a reduction of 0,9% in the energy supply and a reduction of 0,3% of the total CO2 emissions of stationary sources.

Changes as of 16 February 2021:
-Provisional figures of 2019 have been replaced by the definitive figures.
-A part of the emissions have been calculated based on the Dutch Energy Balance Sheet. The figures for 2018 and 2019 have been adjusted and the figures for 2015-2017 have been revised. Therefore the emissions have changed for those years.
-The CO2 emission figures have been adjusted due to the non-energetic use of natural gas. The emission have been calculated according to the new guidelines since 1990.
-The methane and particulate matter emissions of households have been changed for all years by the use of new emission factors due to ambience heating.
-The N2O, NH3 and NMVOC emissions from agriculture have been changed due to the use of a new model. Herein is the allocation of manure over grassland and industry land changed. Also, the emission factors for ammoniac from low emission stables have been adjusted. The emissions for the whole 1990-2019 period have been adjusted.

When will new figures be published?
Final figures for 2020 will be published in March 2022.

Description topics

Carbon dioxide.

CO2 is formed by the combustion of carbon in fuels. Greenhouse gas (causes the temperature of the earth's atmosphere to rise gradually).
Non-methane volatile organic compounds.

Among others caused by incomplete combustion of fuels and evaporation of fuels, cooling agents, inland vessel load residues, and other chemical substances. VOC emissions are also formed during various industrial processes. Smog generating and sometimes carcinogenic.
Methane (= natural gas).

Among other causes CH4 is formed by incomplete combustion of fuels, leakage from the natural gas network, and by fermentation. Greenhouse gas (causes the temperature of the earth's atmosphere to rise gradually).
Sulphur dioxide (SO2 and SO3, calculated as SO2).

SO2 is formed by the combustion of sulphur in fuels. Causes acidification.
Nitrogen oxides (NOx = NO and NO2, calculated as NO2).

Causes acidification and generates smog.
Ammonia (NH3).

NH3 is formed in particular during natural processes and also, to a lesser degree, during the combustion of fuels and during industrial processes. The most important source is manure. NH3 causes acidification.
Particulate matter (PM10 = particulates with diameter smaller than 10 micrometres).

Among other causes PM10 is formed during the combustion of diesel fuel, various industrial processes, and wear processes like the wear of tyres, brake linings, road surface, and railway overhead contact lines. Detrimental to health, penetrates deeply into the lungs.