Energy intensities of buildings in the services sector; construction period

Energy intensities of buildings in the services sector; construction period

Building types services sector Floorarea size Construction period Average consumption of natural gas (m3/m2) Average consumption of electricity (kWh/m2)
Retail with cooling 0 to 250 m2 To 1921 19.8 219.7
Retail with cooling 0 to 250 m2 1922 to 1976 20.2 232.0
Retail with cooling 0 to 250 m2 1977 to 1993 16.4 243.2
Retail with cooling 0 to 250 m2 From1994 14.4 233.9
Retail with cooling 250 to 500 m2 To 1921 18.6 186.8
Retail with cooling 250 to 500 m2 1922 to 1976 17.8 179.8
Retail with cooling 250 to 500 m2 1977 to 1993 17.9 169.2
Retail with cooling 250 to 500 m2 From1994 12.5 148.9
Retail with cooling 500 to 1 000 m2 To 1921 16.5 224.1
Retail with cooling 500 to 1 000 m2 1922 to 1976 15.7 252.2
Retail with cooling 500 to 1 000 m2 1977 to 1993 12.6 256.7
Retail with cooling 500 to 1 000 m2 From1994 9.9 221.1
Retail with cooling 1 000 to 2 500 m2 To 1921 12.0 237.2
Retail with cooling 1 000 to 2 500 m2 1922 to 1976 12.0 289.3
Retail with cooling 1 000 to 2 500 m2 1977 to 1993 12.0 293.8
Retail with cooling 1 000 to 2 500 m2 From1994 9.3 265.3
Retail with cooling 2 500 to 5 000 m2 To 1921 . .
Retail with cooling 2 500 to 5 000 m2 1922 to 1976 . 217.9
Retail with cooling 2 500 to 5 000 m2 1977 to 1993 . .
Retail with cooling 2 500 to 5 000 m2 From1994 5.9 196.9
Retail without cooling 0 to 250 m2 To 1921 17.8 98.7
Retail without cooling 0 to 250 m2 1922 to 1976 18.1 101.4
Retail without cooling 0 to 250 m2 1977 to 1993 14.9 119.9
Retail without cooling 0 to 250 m2 From1994 12.8 116.4
Retail without cooling 250 to 500 m2 To 1921 12.8 80.1
Retail without cooling 250 to 500 m2 1922 to 1976 12.6 82.2
Retail without cooling 250 to 500 m2 1977 to 1993 10.7 90.1
Retail without cooling 250 to 500 m2 From1994 8.8 94.7
Retail without cooling 500 to 1 000 m2 To 1921 9.7 70.3
Retail without cooling 500 to 1 000 m2 1922 to 1976 9.4 67.7
Retail without cooling 500 to 1 000 m2 1977 to 1993 8.6 72.0
Retail without cooling 500 to 1 000 m2 From1994 6.9 74.6
Retail without cooling 1 000 to 2 500 m2 To 1921 7.6 73.2
Retail without cooling 1 000 to 2 500 m2 1922 to 1976 7.5 73.0
Retail without cooling 1 000 to 2 500 m2 1977 to 1993 7.6 80.1
Retail without cooling 1 000 to 2 500 m2 From1994 5.8 76.9
Retail without cooling 2 500 to 5 000 m2 To 1921 . .
Retail without cooling 2 500 to 5 000 m2 1922 to 1976 7.3 71.0
Retail without cooling 2 500 to 5 000 m2 1977 to 1993 6.2 59.1
Retail without cooling 2 500 to 5 000 m2 From1994 5.5 75.0
Wholesale without cooling 0 to 250 m2 To 1921 18.9 64.9
Wholesale without cooling 0 to 250 m2 1922 to 1976 21.0 67.8
Wholesale without cooling 0 to 250 m2 1977 to 1993 16.3 68.8
Wholesale without cooling 0 to 250 m2 From1994 11.7 59.4
Wholesale without cooling 250 to 500 m2 To 1921 15.8 46.3
Wholesale without cooling 250 to 500 m2 1922 to 1976 14.8 52.3
Wholesale without cooling 250 to 500 m2 1977 to 1993 11.4 52.2
Wholesale without cooling 250 to 500 m2 From1994 9.1 50.5
Wholesale without cooling 500 to 1 000 m2 To 1921 10.5 40.2
Wholesale without cooling 500 to 1 000 m2 1922 to 1976 10.7 44.5
Wholesale without cooling 500 to 1 000 m2 1977 to 1993 9.9 48.7
Wholesale without cooling 500 to 1 000 m2 From1994 7.4 46.0
Wholesale without cooling 1 000 to 2 500 m2 To 1921 . .
Wholesale without cooling 1 000 to 2 500 m2 1922 to 1976 7.8 44.1
Wholesale without cooling 1 000 to 2 500 m2 1977 to 1993 8.6 47.6
Wholesale without cooling 1 000 to 2 500 m2 From1994 6.2 48.7
Wholesale without cooling 2 500 to 5 000 m2 To 1921 . .
Wholesale without cooling 2 500 to 5 000 m2 1922 to 1976 7.5 41.6
Wholesale without cooling 2 500 to 5 000 m2 1977 to 1993 6.6 49.5
Wholesale without cooling 2 500 to 5 000 m2 From1994 6.3 54.3
Motor vehicle companies 0 to 250 m2 To 1921 19.0 59.0
Motor vehicle companies 0 to 250 m2 1922 to 1976 20.3 66.1
Motor vehicle companies 0 to 250 m2 1977 to 1993 16.5 60.7
Motor vehicle companies 0 to 250 m2 From1994 13.5 51.2
Motor vehicle companies 250 to 500 m2 To 1921 13.4 39.8
Motor vehicle companies 250 to 500 m2 1922 to 1976 12.3 44.6
Motor vehicle companies 250 to 500 m2 1977 to 1993 10.7 46.1
Motor vehicle companies 250 to 500 m2 From1994 9.1 43.3
Motor vehicle companies 500 to 1 000 m2 To 1921 9.3 33.3
Motor vehicle companies 500 to 1 000 m2 1922 to 1976 9.6 39.5
Motor vehicle companies 500 to 1 000 m2 1977 to 1993 8.9 46.1
Motor vehicle companies 500 to 1 000 m2 From1994 7.7 44.9
Motor vehicle companies 1 000 to 2 500 m2 To 1921 . .
Motor vehicle companies 1 000 to 2 500 m2 1922 to 1976 8.7 41.9
Motor vehicle companies 1 000 to 2 500 m2 1977 to 1993 9.1 46.9
Motor vehicle companies 1 000 to 2 500 m2 From1994 8.0 51.0
Motor vehicle companies 2 500 to 5 000 m2 To 1921 . .
Motor vehicle companies 2 500 to 5 000 m2 1922 to 1976 9.2 39.9
Motor vehicle companies 2 500 to 5 000 m2 1977 to 1993 9.4 54.7
Motor vehicle companies 2 500 to 5 000 m2 From1994 7.1 54.9
Motor vehicle repair services 0 to 250 m2 To 1921 18.6 49.3
Motor vehicle repair services 0 to 250 m2 1922 to 1976 20.4 68.3
Motor vehicle repair services 0 to 250 m2 1977 to 1993 16.5 70.2
Motor vehicle repair services 0 to 250 m2 From1994 11.8 54.1
Motor vehicle repair services 250 to 500 m2 To 1921 12.7 37.9
Motor vehicle repair services 250 to 500 m2 1922 to 1976 13.6 50.4
Motor vehicle repair services 250 to 500 m2 1977 to 1993 12.1 56.4
Motor vehicle repair services 250 to 500 m2 From1994 10.8 53.3
Motor vehicle repair services 500 to 1 000 m2 To 1921 . .
Motor vehicle repair services 500 to 1 000 m2 1922 to 1976 12.2 47.4
Motor vehicle repair services 500 to 1 000 m2 1977 to 1993 13.2 56.8
Motor vehicle repair services 500 to 1 000 m2 From1994 11.1 54.4
Motor vehicle repair services 1 000 to 2 500 m2 To 1921 . .
Motor vehicle repair services 1 000 to 2 500 m2 1922 to 1976 11.5 46.9
Motor vehicle repair services 1 000 to 2 500 m2 1977 to 1993 13.2 58.8
Motor vehicle repair services 1 000 to 2 500 m2 From1994 12.4 59.3
Motor vehicle repair services 2 500 to 5 000 m2 To 1921 . .
Motor vehicle repair services 2 500 to 5 000 m2 1922 to 1976 . .
Motor vehicle repair services 2 500 to 5 000 m2 1977 to 1993 . .
Motor vehicle repair services 2 500 to 5 000 m2 From1994 9.0 55.2
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table contains figures on the average consumption of electricity and natural gas per m2 floor area and by construction period for different types of buildings used in the services sector. Only data on electricity and gas delivered through the public grid are included. The consumption of natural gas has been corrected for temperature effects.

Energy intensities are often used to evaluate policies and for benchmarking.

Data are based on year 2012.

Status of the figures:
The status of the figures is definite.

Changes as of 30 January 2019:
The underlying codes of the classifications used in this table have been adjusted. These are now in line with the standard codes set by Statistics Netherlands.
The structure and data of the table are not adjusted.

Changes as of 11 March 2016:
No changes, this is a new table.

When will new figures be published?
Energy intensities do not change very quickly over time. Though gas intensities have been corrected for temperature, it is not possible to completely remove all temperature effects on gas intensities. To limit the effect of temperature on gas intensities, the energy intensities have been published for the year 2012. The year 2012 was an average year when looking to temperature.

Description topics

Average consumption of natural gas
Delivered natural gas via the public grid.

The grid of national natural gas distribution company Gas Transport Services (GTS), the grid of Zebragas and the regional distribution companies of natural gas.

Natural gas is gaseous fuel of natural origin mainly consisting of methane. This results from the same process that leads to the formation of crude oil. Natural gas is liquefied for transport over long distances by ship.
Average consumption of electricity
Delivered electricity via the public grid.

The grid of national electricity distribution company TenneT and the regional distribution companies of electricity.

Electricity is a flow of electrons used to light lamps or to operate washing machines. Electrons are elementary particles in an atom with a negative charge that flow by a potential difference.