Energy balance sheet; supply, transformation and consumption

Energy balance sheet; supply, transformation and consumption

Energy commodities Periods Total energy consumption (PJ) Own use Extraction of crude petroleum and gas (PJ) Final consumption Total final consumption (PJ) Final consumption Final energy consumption Total (PJ)
Gas works gas 2021**
Coke oven gas 2021** 5.5 5.5
Blast furnace gas 2021** 1.7 1.7
Natural gas liquids 2021** 214.8 60.0
Residual gas 2021** 11.5 107.2 107.2
Motor gasoline 2021** -663.8 160.0 160.0
Gasoline type jet fuel 2021**
Aviation gasoline 2021** -2.7 0.1 0.1
Gas and diesel oil 2021** -806.6 0.0 261.8 261.0
Natural gas 2021** 1,256.1 21.8 733.2 622.0
Biogas 2021** 17.7 2.0 2.0
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description

This table shows the supply, transformation and the consumption of energy in a balance sheet. Energy is released - among other things - during the combustion of for example natural gas, petroleum, hard coal and biofuels. Energy can also be obtained from electricity or heat, or extracted from natural resources, e.g. wind or solar energy. In energy statistics all these sources of energy are known as energy commodities.

The supply side of the balance sheet includes indigenous production of energy, net imports and exports and net stock changes. This is mentioned primary energy supply, because this is the amount of energy available for transformation or consumption in the country.

For energy transformation, the table gives figures on the transformation input (amount of energy used to make other energy commodities), the transformation output (amount of energy made from other energy commodities) and net energy transformation. The latter is the amount of energy lost during the transformation of energy commodities.

Then the energy balance sheet shows the final consumption of energy. First, it refers to the own use and distribution losses. After deduction of these amounts remains the final consumption of energy customers. This comprises the final energy consumption and non-energy use. The final energy consumption is the energy consumers utilize for energy purposes. It is specified for successively industry, transport and other customers, broken down into various sub-sectors. The last form of energy is the non-energy use. This is the use of an energy commodity for a product that is not energy.

Data available:
From 1946.

Status of the figures:
All figures up to and including 2020 are definite. Figures for 2021 are revised provisional.

Changes as of December 15th 2022:
Figures for 1990 up to and including 2019 have been revised. The revision mainly concerns the consumption of gas- and diesel oil and energy commodities higher in the classification (total petroleum products, total crude and petroleum produtcs and total energy commodities).
The revision is twofold:
- New data for the consumption of diesel oil in mobile machine have been incorporated. Consequently, the final energy consumption of gas- and diesel oil in construction, services and agriculture increases. The biggest change is in construction (+10 PJ from 1990-2015, decreasing to 1 PJ in 2019. In agriculture the change is about 0.5-1.5 PJ from 2010 onwards and for services the change is between 0 and 3 PJ for the whole period.
- The method for dealing with the statistical difference has been adapted. Earlier from 2013 onwards a difference of about 3 percent was assumed, matching old data (up to and including 2012) on final consumption of diesel for road transport based on the dedicated tax specifically for road that existed until 2012. In the new method the statistical difference is eliminated from 2015 onwards. Final consumption of road transport is calculated as the remainder of total supply to the market of diesel minus deliveries to users other than road transport.
The first and second item affect both final consumption of road transport that decreases consequently about 5 percent from 2015 onwards. Before the adaption of the tax system for gas- and diesel oil in 2013 the statistical difference was positive (more supply than consumption). With the new data for mobile machines total consumption has been increased and the statistical difference has been reduced and is even negative for a few years.

Changes as of 1 March 2022:
Figures for 1990 up to and including 2020 have been revised. The most important change is a different way of presenting own use of electricity of power-generating installations. Previously, this was regarded as electricity and CHP transformation input. From now on, this is seen as own use, as is customary in international energy statistics. As a result, the input and net energy transformation decrease and own use increases, on average about 15 PJ per year. Own use of power production installations is now visible in the new topic 'Own use of electricity and heat production'.
In the previous revision of 2021, the new sector blast furnaces was introduced for the years 2015 up to and including 2020, which describes the transformation of coke oven coke and coking coal into blast furnace gas that takes place in the production of pig iron from iron ore. This activity was previously part of the steel industry. With this revision, the change has been put back to 1990.

Changes as of 16th December 2021:
Figures for 2015 up to and including 2018 have been revised and the structure of table has been adapted. Major items are the following:
Blast furnaces have been introduced from 2015 onwards as separate sector and are not any more part of the iron and steel industry. Consequently, own use of the energy sector has increased about 10 PJ and final energy consumption has decreased about 10 PJ. This concerns the energy products cokes oven gas, blast furnace gas, natural gas and electricity. An other item is the shift of transformation output of other oil products in the chemical industry outside the petrochemical industry to indigenous production (0.4 to 4 PJ each year). Both items are intended to more completely fulfill the international methodological standards on energy statistics. Additionally, for 2015 up to and including 2018 a few other improved insights in the energy balance of individual companies have been incorporated.

When will new figures be published?
Provisional figures: April of the following year.
Revised provisional figures: June/July of the following year.
Definite figures: December of the second following year.

Description topics

Total energy consumption
The amount of energy used by companies, households and transport in the Netherlands. Energy can be used
- for transformation into other energy commodities, this is input minus the energy produced.
- as final consumption.

Total energy consumption =
Total net energy transformation + total own use + distribution losses + total final consumption.
Own use
The consumption of energy in installations for the production or transformation of energy and the consumption of energy by companies in the energy sector. This only concerns the necessary auxiliary energy, not the energy transformation input itself. The energy sector includes the extraction of crude petroleum and gas, coke-oven plants, blast furnaces, oil refinery installations and other installations / energy companies (sector D of the Standard Business Classification (SBI)). Examples of this own use are the combustion of fuels in oil refinery steam boilers to produce steam that brings the refining process to the desired temperature, the consumption of electricity for pumping natural gas from the ground, the consumption of electricity for transporting hard coal in a coal plant and the consumption of electricity by a waste incinerator for flue gas cleaning.
Extraction of crude petroleum and gas
Installations for the extraction of crude petroleum, including natural gas liquids, and natural gas.
Own use concerns all activities to make the crude petroleum or gas suitable for transport in a pipeline. This includes, for example, energy for pumping up the mineral and removing and separating liquid hydrocarbon fractions.
Final consumption
Total final consumption
Total final consumption is the sum of:
- Final energy consumption
- Non-energy use
Final energy consumption
Final consumption of energy. No useful energy commodity remains.

Examples are the combustion of natural gas in boilers, household electricity consumption and the consumption of motor fuels for transport.
This category is made up of the categories:
- Industry (excluding the energy sector)
- Transport
- Other sectors