Energy balance sheet; supply, transformation and consumption

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This table shows the supply, transformation and the consumption of energy in a balance sheet. Energy is released - among other things - during the combustion of for example natural gas, petroleum, hard coal and biofuels. Energy can also be obtained from electricity or heat, or extracted from natural resources, e.g. wind or solar energy. In energy statistics all these sources of energy are known as energy commodities.

The supply side of the balance sheet includes indigenous production of energy, net imports and exports and net stock changes. This is mentioned primary energy supply, because this is the amount of energy available for transformation or consumption in the country.

For energy transformation, the table gives figures on the transformation input (amount of energy used to make other energy commodities), the transformation output (amount of energy made from other energy commodities) and net energy transformation. The latter is the amount of energy lost during the transformation of energy commodities.

Then the energy balance sheet shows the final consumption of energy. First, it refers to the own use of the energy sector and distribution losses. After deduction of these amounts remains the final consumption of energy customers. This comprises the final energy consumption and non-energy use. The final energy consumption is the energy consumers utilize for energy purposes. It is specified for successively industry, transport and other customers, broken down into various sub-sectors. The last form of energy is the non-energy use. This is the use of an energy commodity for a product that is not energy.

Data available:
From 1946.

Status of the figures:
All figures up to and including 2017 are definite. Figures of 2018 and 2019 are revised provisional.

Changes as of 16 July 2020:
Figures of 2019 have been adjusted.

Changes as of 18 June 2020:
Revised provisional figures of 2019 have been added.

Changes as of 13 December 2019:
In December 2019 the Energy balance has been revised and corrected, concerning the following items:

The Energy balance from 1990 onwards has been revised. The revision of final energy consumption in the residential sector concerns the consumption of biomass in households, which is about 2 PJ lower in 2014-2016. For older yeaers the adaptations are less than 1 PJ. Thes adaptations also affect primary production, total energy consumption and higher aggregates that contain biomassa and the residential sector.

Reason for the revision is the new calibration of the model of TNO that delivers the data for biomassa in households. The calibration of the model has been renewed, because new survey results (WoON) on biomass consumption by houesholds has become available. Furthermore, for 2015 and 2016 an error in the data for final electricity consumption in the chemical industry has been repaired. Consequently, this consumption is now about 2 PJ less. Also this adaptation affects higher aggregates.

Definite figures of 2017 and revised provisional figures of 2018 have been added.

Changes as of 10 September 2019:
Symbol of Wind energy on shore for period 1990 up to and including 2005 have been changed, a '.' is replaced with an 'empty cell' which means in this table nill. Symbol of natural gas for period 1948 up to and including 1951 have been changed, an 'empty cell' is replaced with a '.'.

When will new figures be published?
Provisionalfigures: April of the following year.
Revised provisional figures: June/July of the following year.
Definite figures: December of the second following year.

Energy balance sheet; supply, transformation and consumption

Energy commodities Periods Energy transformationEnergy transformation inputElectricity and CHP transformation input (PJ) Energy transformationEnergy transformation outputElectricity/CHP transformation output (PJ) Energy transformationNet energy transformationNet electricity/CHP transformation (PJ)
Electricity 2019 12.6 436.9 -424.3
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols