Health and health care; personal characteristics

Health and health care; personal characteristics

Characteristics persons Margins Periods Self-perceived health: good or very good (%) Poor mental health, 12 years or older (%) Chronic disorders 1 or more chronic disorders (%) Functional limitations Persons with a GALI limitation (%) Medical contacts Contact with GP % persons with at least 1 contact (%)
Total Value 2014 80.4 10.7 30.1 25.7 67.9
Total Value 2015 79.5 10.7 30.1 27.0 69.2
Total Value 2016 79.4 11.5 30.3 27.2 69.1
Total Value 2017 79.3 11.0 31.0 29.2 68.8
Total Value 2018 78.3 11.9 30.9 29.1 69.0
Total Value 2019 78.7 11.5 31.2 29.2 68.7
Total Value 2020 81.5 11.9 30.9 28.3 64.8
Total Value 2021 80.5 15.1 30.5 28.4 62.1
Total Lower bound 95% confidence interval 2014 79.6 10.0 29.2 24.8 67.0
Total Lower bound 95% confidence interval 2015 78.7 10.0 29.2 26.1 68.2
Total Lower bound 95% confidence interval 2016 78.6 10.8 29.3 26.3 68.2
Total Lower bound 95% confidence interval 2017 78.5 10.4 30.1 28.3 67.9
Total Lower bound 95% confidence interval 2018 77.5 11.3 30.0 28.2 68.1
Total Lower bound 95% confidence interval 2019 77.9 10.8 30.3 28.3 67.8
Total Lower bound 95% confidence interval 2020 80.6 11.2 30.0 27.3 63.8
Total Lower bound 95% confidence interval 2021 79.6 14.2 29.5 27.3 61.0
Total Upper bound 95% confidence interval 2014 81.2 11.4 31.0 26.6 68.8
Total Upper bound 95% confidence interval 2015 80.3 11.3 31.0 27.9 70.1
Total Upper bound 95% confidence interval 2016 80.2 12.2 31.2 28.2 70.0
Total Upper bound 95% confidence interval 2017 80.1 11.7 31.9 30.1 69.8
Total Upper bound 95% confidence interval 2018 79.1 12.6 31.8 30.0 69.9
Total Upper bound 95% confidence interval 2019 79.5 12.2 32.1 30.1 69.6
Total Upper bound 95% confidence interval 2020 82.3 12.6 31.9 29.2 65.8
Total Upper bound 95% confidence interval 2021 81.4 16.0 31.6 29.4 63.2
Sex: Male Value 2014 82.7 8.4 27.9 22.7 63.0
Sex: Male Value 2015 81.9 8.6 27.9 23.1 64.4
Sex: Male Value 2016 82.0 9.0 28.3 23.8 63.5
Sex: Male Value 2017 81.7 9.0 29.4 25.8 63.8
Sex: Male Value 2018 80.8 9.8 28.5 25.0 63.9
Sex: Male Value 2019 81.2 9.3 28.9 26.3 64.1
Sex: Male Value 2020 83.5 9.3 28.8 24.7 58.8
Sex: Male Value 2021 82.2 12.1 28.4 25.3 56.7
Sex: Male Lower bound 95% confidence interval 2014 81.6 7.5 26.6 21.5 61.7
Sex: Male Lower bound 95% confidence interval 2015 80.8 7.7 26.6 21.9 63.0
Sex: Male Lower bound 95% confidence interval 2016 80.9 8.1 27.0 22.6 62.1
Sex: Male Lower bound 95% confidence interval 2017 80.6 8.1 28.1 24.5 62.4
Sex: Male Lower bound 95% confidence interval 2018 79.7 8.9 27.3 23.8 62.6
Sex: Male Lower bound 95% confidence interval 2019 80.1 8.4 27.6 25.0 62.7
Sex: Male Lower bound 95% confidence interval 2020 82.4 8.3 27.4 23.4 57.3
Sex: Male Lower bound 95% confidence interval 2021 80.9 10.9 26.9 23.9 55.1
Sex: Male Upper bound 95% confidence interval 2014 83.8 9.2 29.1 23.9 64.4
Sex: Male Upper bound 95% confidence interval 2015 83.0 9.5 29.2 24.4 65.7
Sex: Male Upper bound 95% confidence interval 2016 83.1 9.8 29.6 25.1 64.9
Sex: Male Upper bound 95% confidence interval 2017 82.8 9.9 30.7 27.1 65.1
Sex: Male Upper bound 95% confidence interval 2018 81.9 10.7 29.8 26.2 65.3
Sex: Male Upper bound 95% confidence interval 2019 82.3 10.2 30.2 27.5 65.4
Sex: Male Upper bound 95% confidence interval 2020 84.6 10.2 30.1 26.0 60.2
Sex: Male Upper bound 95% confidence interval 2021 83.4 13.3 29.8 26.8 58.3
Sex: Female Value 2014 78.2 13.0 32.3 28.7 72.7
Sex: Female Value 2015 77.2 12.7 32.3 30.8 73.9
Sex: Female Value 2016 76.8 14.1 32.2 30.6 74.6
Sex: Female Value 2017 77.0 13.0 32.6 32.5 73.9
Sex: Female Value 2018 75.9 14.0 33.3 33.1 74.1
Sex: Female Value 2019 76.3 13.6 33.5 32.1 73.3
Sex: Female Value 2020 79.5 14.4 33.1 31.8 70.8
Sex: Female Value 2021 78.8 18.1 32.7 31.4 67.5
Sex: Female Lower bound 95% confidence interval 2014 77.0 12.0 31.0 27.4 71.4
Sex: Female Lower bound 95% confidence interval 2015 76.0 11.6 30.9 29.4 72.7
Sex: Female Lower bound 95% confidence interval 2016 75.6 13.0 30.9 29.2 73.4
Sex: Female Lower bound 95% confidence interval 2017 75.8 12.0 31.3 31.2 72.7
Sex: Female Lower bound 95% confidence interval 2018 74.7 13.0 32.0 31.8 72.9
Sex: Female Lower bound 95% confidence interval 2019 75.1 12.6 32.2 30.8 72.0
Sex: Female Lower bound 95% confidence interval 2020 78.3 13.3 31.7 30.4 69.5
Sex: Female Lower bound 95% confidence interval 2021 77.4 16.7 31.2 29.8 66.0
Sex: Female Upper bound 95% confidence interval 2014 79.4 14.0 33.6 30.0 74.0
Sex: Female Upper bound 95% confidence interval 2015 78.4 13.7 33.6 32.1 75.2
Sex: Female Upper bound 95% confidence interval 2016 78.0 15.1 33.6 31.9 75.9
Sex: Female Upper bound 95% confidence interval 2017 78.1 14.0 33.9 33.8 75.1
Sex: Female Upper bound 95% confidence interval 2018 77.1 15.1 34.6 34.4 75.3
Sex: Female Upper bound 95% confidence interval 2019 77.5 14.6 34.8 33.4 74.5
Sex: Female Upper bound 95% confidence interval 2020 80.6 15.6 34.5 33.2 72.2
Sex: Female Upper bound 95% confidence interval 2021 80.1 19.5 34.2 32.9 68.9
Age: 0 to 3 years Value 2014 97.4 . 8.4 . 67.7
Age: 0 to 3 years Value 2015 97.1 . 7.3 . 74.2
Age: 0 to 3 years Value 2016 97.2 . 7.0 . 74.2
Age: 0 to 3 years Value 2017 96.1 . 7.8 . 75.5
Age: 0 to 3 years Value 2018 95.2 . 7.4 . 72.9
Age: 0 to 3 years Value 2019 94.4 . 8.9 . 75.9
Age: 0 to 3 years Value 2020 97.4 . 8.5 . 66.3
Age: 0 to 3 years Value 2021 96.5 . 6.5 . 61.0
Age: 0 to 3 years Lower bound 95% confidence interval 2014 95.8 . 5.7 . 63.1
Age: 0 to 3 years Lower bound 95% confidence interval 2015 95.5 . 4.8 . 69.9
Age: 0 to 3 years Lower bound 95% confidence interval 2016 95.5 . 4.4 . 69.8
Age: 0 to 3 years Lower bound 95% confidence interval 2017 94.2 . 5.2 . 71.3
Age: 0 to 3 years Lower bound 95% confidence interval 2018 93.2 . 4.8 . 68.6
Age: 0 to 3 years Lower bound 95% confidence interval 2019 92.2 . 6.1 . 71.7
Age: 0 to 3 years Lower bound 95% confidence interval 2020 95.7 . 5.5 . 61.4
Age: 0 to 3 years Lower bound 95% confidence interval 2021 93.8 . 4.3 . 55.5
Age: 0 to 3 years Upper bound 95% confidence interval 2014 98.9 . 11.1 . 72.3
Age: 0 to 3 years Upper bound 95% confidence interval 2015 98.8 . 9.9 . 78.6
Age: 0 to 3 years Upper bound 95% confidence interval 2016 98.9 . 9.5 . 78.6
Age: 0 to 3 years Upper bound 95% confidence interval 2017 98.0 . 10.5 . 79.7
Age: 0 to 3 years Upper bound 95% confidence interval 2018 97.3 . 9.9 . 77.2
Age: 0 to 3 years Upper bound 95% confidence interval 2019 96.7 . 11.8 . 80.2
Age: 0 to 3 years Upper bound 95% confidence interval 2020 99.1 . 11.4 . 71.3
Age: 0 to 3 years Upper bound 95% confidence interval 2021 98.0 . 9.8 . 66.3
Age: 4 to 11 years Value 2014 95.6 . 11.7 5.7 55.5
Age: 4 to 11 years Value 2015 96.6 . 11.6 7.3 57.3
Age: 4 to 11 years Value 2016 97.0 . 11.4 7.0 56.6
Age: 4 to 11 years Value 2017 95.4 . 14.0 9.0 55.1
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table contains data on the perceived state of health and on contacts with providers of medical care of the Dutch population in private households. These data can be grouped by several personal characteristics.

Data available from: 2014

Status of the data: final.

Changes as of March 18, 2022:
Figures for 2021 were added.
From 2021 reporting year, the following subjects have been added to this table:
Percentage of people with dentures;
Average number of own teeth;
Anxiety Complaints
In addition, with effect from reporting year 2021, the figures can also be broken down into household wealth and the highest level of education achieved (3 division).

When will new data be published?
Data on reporting year 2022 will be published in the second quarter of 2023.

Description topics

Self-perceived health: good or very good
Percentage of persons who answered ꞌgoodꞌ or ꞌvery goodꞌ to the question: ꞌHow do you assess your general state of health?ꞌ / ꞌHow does your child assess his, her general state of health?ꞌ. Parents or caretakers answer this question on behalf of children under the age of 12 years.

Poor mental health, 12 years or older
Percentage of persons of 12 years or older that scores less than 60 on the Mental Health Inventory (MHI) for adolescents from 12 years of age and grown-ups. The figures relate to the Mental Health Inventory 5 or ꞌMHI-5ꞌ. This is an international standard for a specific measuring of psychic health, consisting of 5 questions. MHI-5 is actually an extract of ꞌShort Format 36ꞌ (SF-36), an elaborate international standard for measuring health. MHI-5 deals with questions related to how one felt during the last 4 weeks. The following questions were asked:
1. Did you feel very nervous?
2. Were you so down in the dump that nothing could cheer you up?
3. Did you feel calm and quiet?
4. Did you feel depressed and down?
5. Were you happy?
Every question has the following 6 answer categories: all the time-most of the time-often-sometimes-rarely-never. The answer categories in positively worded questions of the MHI questionnaire (questions 3 and 5) have been consequently awarded the values 5, 4, 3, 2, 1 and 0. The answer categories in negatively worded questions (questions 1, 2 ad 4) have been awarded the turned-down values. Next, per person the sum scores have been calculated and multiplied by 4, so that the minimum sum score of a person can be 0 (very unhealthy) and the maximum score 100 (perfectly healthy). A score of 60 or more means that a respondent can be qualified psychologically healthy and a score of less than 60 psychologically unhealthy.
Chronic disorders
All respondents are asked: ꞌDo you /Does your child have one or more chronic disorders?ꞌ Chronic means (in anticipation) 6 months or longer. Next, 23 disorders and a remainder category 'other disorders' are presented and persons are asked if they had this disorder during the last 12 months. Persons are asked after 3 of these disorders if they ever suffered from it. Besides (more elaborately) is asked after diabetes. Most questions on specific chronic disorders are being asked to persons of all ages. Questions on disorders that do not occur amongst youngsters are posed to persons of 12 years or older.
1 or more chronic disorders
Percentage of persons who answered ꞌyesꞌ to the question: ꞌDo you / Does your child suffer from one or more chronic illnesses or disorders?ꞌ Chronic is (in anticipation) 6 months or longer.
Functional limitations
Functional limitations
Functional limitations (physical) are observed by means of 3 groups of questions:
a. The OECD indicator for persons in the age category of 12 years or older.
b. The ADL (Activities of Daily Living) indicator for persons in the age category of 55 years or older.
c. Temporary activity limitations and bed-days for persons of all ages.
Persons with a GALI limitation
Percentage of persons that for at least the past 6 months are limited because of a health problem in activities people/children usually do. This internationally used and adjusted indicator for health limitations is called the GALI, which stands for Global Activity Limitation Indicator. This indicator is calculated for all persons 4 years and older.
In 2014, this indicator was calculated by use of 2 questions, in 2015 both questions are combined in 1 question. This had no effect on the outcome.
Medical contacts
Persons are asked if they had contact with their GP, specialist, dentist, dental hygienist, orthodontist, physiotherapist, exercise therapist, psychologist, psychotherapist or psychiatrist, and if he or she is treated by alternative healer. Also, if there were hospital admissions or day care admissions, if people have home care and if they had care abroad. Most questions after medical contacts are asked to persons of all ages. Contacts that do not often occur in the case of children are posed from an older age.
Contact with GP
Contacts with the GP are visits to the GP’s practice, home visits and telephonic consults. Contacts with a substitute GP or his/her practice are taken into account here. Contacts with the medical assistant and the nurse are not included. Questions are being asked after the 12 months preceding the interview. The questions are posed to respondents of all ages.
% persons with at least 1 contact
Percentage of persons in the population who contacted a GP at least once in the 12 months preceding the interview.