Labour participation; young people, 2003-2022

Labour participation; young people, 2003-2022

Sex Age Formal Education Periods Labour force and not in the labour force (x 1 000) Labour force Labour force (x 1 000) Labour force Employed labour force Employed labour force (x 1 000) Labour force Employed labour force Professional status Employee Employee (x 1 000) Labour force Employed labour force Professional status Employee Permanent employee (x 1 000) Labour force Employed labour force Professional status Employee Flexible employee (x 1 000) Labour force Employed labour force Professional status Self-employed person Self-employed person (x 1 000) Labour force Employed labour force Professional status Self-employed person Self-employed without employees (x 1 000) Labour force Employed labour force Professional status Self-employed person Self-employed with employees (x 1 000) Labour force Employed labour force Professional status Self-employed person Contributing family worker (x 1 000)
Total male and female 15 to 24 years Total 2022 1st quarter 2,137 1,708 1,578 1,510 304 1,207 68 59 3 5
Total male and female 15 to 24 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 1,608 1,243 1,144 1,101 147 954 42 36 2 5
Total male and female 15 to 24 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 528 464 434 409 156 253 25 23 1 0
Total male and female 15 to 19 years Total 2022 1st quarter 1,016 767 692 675 68 607 17 14 0 3
Total male and female 15 to 19 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 876 659 597 582 56 527 15 12 0 3
Total male and female 15 to 19 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 140 108 95 92 12 80 3 2 0 0
Total male and female 20 to 24 years Total 2022 1st quarter 1,121 941 886 836 236 600 50 45 3 2
Total male and female 20 to 24 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 733 584 547 519 92 427 28 24 2 2
Total male and female 20 to 24 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 388 357 339 317 144 173 22 21 1 0
Total male and female 15 years Total 2022 1st quarter 191 118 92 90 7 83 2 1 0 1
Total male and female 15 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 162 98 79 77 6 70 2 1 0 1
Total male and female 15 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 29 20 14 13 1 13 0 0 0 0
Total male and female 16 years Total 2022 1st quarter 193 141 128 125 10 115 3 2 0 1
Total male and female 16 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 171 128 116 114 9 105 3 2 0 1
Total male and female 16 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 22 14 12 12 2 10 0 0 0 0
Total male and female 17 years Total 2022 1st quarter 199 157 147 143 13 130 4 3 0 1
Total male and female 17 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 179 141 132 128 12 116 4 3 0 1
Total male and female 17 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 19 16 15 15 1 14 0 0 0 0
Total male and female 18 years Total 2022 1st quarter 211 168 157 152 15 137 4 4 0 1
Total male and female 18 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 182 144 134 130 13 117 4 3 0 1
Total male and female 18 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 29 24 23 22 2 20 0 0 0 0
Total male and female 19 years Total 2022 1st quarter 221 182 168 164 22 142 4 4 0 0
Total male and female 19 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 181 148 137 134 15 119 3 2 0 0
Total male and female 19 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 40 35 32 30 7 23 2 1 0 0
Total male and female 20 years Total 2022 1st quarter 224 185 175 165 27 138 10 9 1 1
Total male and female 20 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 179 145 136 128 15 113 8 7 1 1
Total male and female 20 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 45 41 39 37 12 25 2 2 0 0
Total male and female 21 years Total 2022 1st quarter 229 189 180 172 42 129 8 8 0 0
Total male and female 21 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 169 135 127 123 23 100 4 4 0 0
Total male and female 21 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 60 54 52 49 20 29 4 4 0 0
Total male and female 22 years Total 2022 1st quarter 226 188 174 168 49 119 6 6 1 0
Total male and female 22 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 147 115 107 103 21 82 5 4 1 0
Total male and female 22 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 78 73 67 65 28 38 2 2 0 0
Total male and female 23 years Total 2022 1st quarter 224 191 178 162 52 110 16 14 2 1
Total male and female 23 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 139 113 105 98 20 78 8 7 0 1
Total male and female 23 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 85 77 73 64 33 32 8 7 1 0
Total male and female 24 years Total 2022 1st quarter 218 188 179 169 66 104 9 9 0 0
Total male and female 24 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 98 76 70 67 13 54 3 2 0 0
Total male and female 24 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 120 112 108 102 53 49 7 6 0 0
Male 15 to 24 years Total 2022 1st quarter 1,086 861 797 750 159 592 47 40 2 4
Male 15 to 24 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 806 614 566 537 72 465 29 24 1 4
Male 15 to 24 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 280 247 232 214 87 127 18 17 1 0
Male 15 to 19 years Total 2022 1st quarter 518 390 352 340 39 302 12 9 0 3
Male 15 to 19 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 441 328 298 287 30 258 11 8 0 3
Male 15 to 19 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 77 61 54 53 9 44 1 1 0 0
Male 20 to 24 years Total 2022 1st quarter 568 471 445 410 120 290 35 31 2 1
Male 20 to 24 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 365 285 268 249 42 207 18 16 1 1
Male 20 to 24 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 202 186 178 161 78 83 17 15 1 0
Male 15 years Total 2022 1st quarter 98 64 49 49 4 44 1 0 0 1
Male 15 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 85 55 43 42 4 38 1 0 0 1
Male 15 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 14 10 6 6 0 6 0 0 0 0
Male 16 years Total 2022 1st quarter 99 72 67 65 6 59 2 2 0 0
Male 16 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 86 65 61 59 5 54 2 2 0 0
Male 16 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 12 7 6 6 1 5 0 0 0 0
Male 17 years Total 2022 1st quarter 102 77 71 68 7 61 3 2 0 1
Male 17 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 91 69 63 61 6 54 3 2 0 1
Male 17 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 11 8 8 8 1 7 0 0 0 0
Male 18 years Total 2022 1st quarter 108 82 77 74 9 66 3 2 0 1
Male 18 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 92 69 65 62 7 55 3 2 0 1
Male 18 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 16 13 12 12 2 11 0 0 0 0
Male 19 years Total 2022 1st quarter 112 94 87 84 12 72 3 3 0 0
Male 19 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 87 71 66 64 7 57 2 2 0 0
Male 19 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 25 23 21 20 5 15 1 1 0 0
Male 20 years Total 2022 1st quarter 113 92 88 82 15 67 6 6 0 0
Male 20 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 88 69 65 61 7 53 4 4 0 0
Male 20 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 25 24 23 21 7 14 2 2 0 0
Male 21 years Total 2022 1st quarter 116 96 89 84 23 61 5 5 0 0
Male 21 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 86 68 63 61 11 49 3 2 0 0
Male 21 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 30 27 26 23 11 12 3 3 0 0
Male 22 years Total 2022 1st quarter 114 92 88 83 24 59 4 4 0 0
Male 22 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 76 56 53 50 9 41 4 3 0 0
Male 22 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 39 36 34 34 15 19 1 1 0 0
Male 23 years Total 2022 1st quarter 114 97 92 79 25 54 12 11 2 0
Male 23 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 67 55 52 46 8 38 6 5 0 0
Male 23 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 47 42 40 33 17 16 7 6 1 0
Male 24 years Total 2022 1st quarter 110 94 88 81 33 48 6 6 0 0
Male 24 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 49 37 34 32 6 26 2 1 0 0
Male 24 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 61 56 54 49 27 22 5 4 0 0
Female 15 to 24 years Total 2022 1st quarter 1,050 847 781 760 145 615 21 18 1 1
Female 15 to 24 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 802 630 578 564 76 489 14 12 1 1
Female 15 to 24 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 249 217 203 196 69 126 7 7 0 0
Female 15 to 19 years Total 2022 1st quarter 497 377 340 334 29 305 5 5 0 0
Female 15 to 19 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 435 331 299 295 26 269 4 4 0 0
Female 15 to 19 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 63 46 41 40 3 36 1 1 0 0
Female 20 to 24 years Total 2022 1st quarter 553 470 441 426 116 310 15 14 1 1
Female 20 to 24 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 367 299 279 270 50 220 9 8 1 1
Female 20 to 24 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 186 171 162 156 66 90 6 6 0 0
Female 15 years Total 2022 1st quarter 93 53 43 42 3 39 1 1 0 0
Female 15 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 78 43 36 35 3 32 1 1 0 0
Female 15 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 15 10 7 7 0 7 0 0 0 0
Female 16 years Total 2022 1st quarter 94 69 60 60 4 56 0 0 0 0
Female 16 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 85 63 55 55 3 51 0 0 0 0
Female 16 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 10 6 6 6 1 5 0 0 0 0
Female 17 years Total 2022 1st quarter 97 80 76 74 6 69 1 1 0 0
Female 17 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 88 72 68 67 6 61 1 1 0 0
Female 17 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 9 7 7 7 0 7 0 0 0 0
Female 18 years Total 2022 1st quarter 104 86 80 78 7 71 2 1 0 0
Female 18 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 90 76 70 68 6 62 1 1 0 0
Female 18 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 13 11 10 10 0 9 0 0 0 0
Female 19 years Total 2022 1st quarter 109 88 81 80 10 70 1 1 0 0
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table contains quarterly and yearly figures on labour participation of young people in the Netherlands. The population of 15 to 24 years of age (excluding the institutionalized population) is divided into the employed labour force, the unemployed labour force and those not in the labour force. The employed labour force is subdivided on the basis of the professional status and the average working hours. A division by sex, age and whether they are in education is available.

Due to changes in the survey design and the questionnaire of the Labour Force Survey (LFS), a revision of the figures for 2021 was carried out in the first quarter of 2022.
As a result, the numbers of 2021 and later will not be comparable to the years 2003-2020.

Data available for 2003-2022

Status of the figures:
The figures in this table are final.

Changes as of August 17, 2022:
None, the table has been discontinued.

When will new figures be released?
Not applicable. This table has been replaced, see paragraph 3 for a link to the new table.

Description topics

Labour force and not in the labour force
People who are part of the employed labour force, the unemployed labour force or who are not in the labour force.

This definition concerns people who live in the Netherlands (excluding the institutionalized population). The figures are usually presented for the population aged 15 to 74 years old. Paid work is regardless of the hours worked.
Labour force
People
- who have paid work (employed labour force), or
- who don’t have paid work, recently looked for work and are directly available for it (unemployed labour force).

This definition concerns people who live in the Netherlands (excluding the institutionalized population). The figures are usually presented for the population aged 15 to 74 years old. Paid work is regardless of the hours worked.
Labour force
People
- who have paid work (employed labour force), or
- who don’t have paid work, recently looked for work and are directly available for it (unemployed labour force).

This definition concerns people who live in the Netherlands (excluding the institutionalized population). The figures are usually presented for the population aged 15 to 74 years old. Paid work is regardless of the hours worked.
Employed labour force
People who have paid work.

This definition concerns people who live in the Netherlands (excluding the institutionalized population). The figures are usually presented for the population aged 15 to 74 years old. Paid work is regardless of the hours worked.
Employed labour force
People who have paid work.

This definition concerns people who live in the Netherlands (excluding the institutionalized population). The figures are usually presented for the population aged 15 to 74 years old. Paid work is regardless of the hours worked.
Professional status
Classification of the employed labour force into:
Employee
-  permanent
-  flexible
Self-employed
-  without employees (solo self-employed)
-  with employees
-  contributing family worker

When a person has more than one job, the job in which most hours are worked, is used.
Employee
A person who makes arrangements in a collective agreement for labour purposes and who is being paid in return.

When a person has more than one job, the job in which most hours are worked, is used.
Employee
A person who makes arrangements in a collective agreement for labour purposes and who is being paid in return.

When a person has more than one job, the job in which most hours are worked, is used.
Permanent employee
An employee with an employment contract for an indefinite period and for a fixed number of hours.
When a person has more than one job, the job in which most hours are worked, is used.
Flexible employee
An employee with an employment contract for a limited period or a flexible number of hours. Enclosed here are: - Temporary employee, permanent prospect - Temporary employee, >=1 year - Temporary employee, <1 year - On-call worker (including permanent and temporary employees with flexible hours) - Temporary agency worker - Employee flex, contract unknown.

When a person has more than one job, the job in which most hours are worked, is used.
Self-employed person
A person who works for his/her own account and risk
-  in an own company or practice (self-employed entrepreneur), or
-  as an owner-manager, or
-  in the company or practice of a family member (contributing family worker), or
-  as another self-employed person (for example in an independent profession).

When a person has more than one job, the job in which most hours are worked, is used.
Self-employed person
A person who works for his/her own account and risk
-  in an own company or practice (self-employed entrepreneur), or
-  as an owner-manager, or
-  in the company or practice of a family member (contributing family worker), or
-  as another self-employed person (for example in an independent profession).

When a person has more than one job, the job in which most hours are worked, is used.
Self-employed without employees
A person who works for his/her own account and risk
-  in an own company or practice (self-employed entrepreneur), or
-  as an owner-manager, or
-  as another self-employed person (for example in an independent profession), and
-  who has no employees.

When a person has more than one job, the job in which most hours are worked, is used.
Self-employed with employees
A person who works for his/her own account and risk
-  in an own company or practice (self-employed entrepreneur), or
-  as an owner-manager, and
-  who has employees.
-  
When a person has more than one job, the job in which most hours are worked, is used.
Contributing family worker
A person who works, not on the basis of a an explicit employment contract, in the company or practice of the partner or parents.

When a person has more than one job, the job in which most hours are worked, is used.