Labour participation; young people, 2003-2022

Labour participation; young people, 2003-2022

Sex Age Formal Education Periods Labour force and not in the labour force (x 1 000) Labour force Labour force (x 1 000) Labour force Unemployed labour force (x 1 000) Labour force Unemployment rate (%) Labour force Employed labour force Employed labour force (x 1 000) Not in the labour force (x 1 000) Gross labour participation rate (%) Net labour participation rate (%)
Total male and female 15 to 24 years Total 2022 1st quarter 2,137 1,708 130 7.6 1,578 429 79.9 73.9
Total male and female 15 to 24 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 1,608 1,243 100 8.0 1,144 365 77.3 71.1
Total male and female 15 to 24 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 528 464 30 6.5 434 64 87.9 82.2
Total male and female 15 to 19 years Total 2022 1st quarter 1,016 767 75 9.8 692 249 75.5 68.1
Total male and female 15 to 19 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 876 659 62 9.4 597 217 75.3 68.2
Total male and female 15 to 19 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 140 108 13 11.9 95 32 77.0 67.9
Total male and female 20 to 24 years Total 2022 1st quarter 1,121 941 55 5.8 886 180 83.9 79.0
Total male and female 20 to 24 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 733 584 38 6.4 547 148 79.8 74.6
Total male and female 20 to 24 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 388 357 17 4.8 339 32 91.8 87.4
Total male and female 15 years Total 2022 1st quarter 191 118 25 21.6 92 74 61.4 48.1
Total male and female 15 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 162 98 19 19.9 79 64 60.4 48.4
Total male and female 15 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 29 20 6 . 14 9 . .
Total male and female 16 years Total 2022 1st quarter 193 141 14 9.6 128 52 73.2 66.2
Total male and female 16 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 171 128 12 9.1 116 43 74.6 67.8
Total male and female 16 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 22 14 2 . 12 8 . .
Total male and female 17 years Total 2022 1st quarter 199 157 10 6.3 147 42 79.0 74.0
Total male and female 17 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 179 141 10 6.9 132 38 78.8 73.4
Total male and female 17 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 19 16 0 . 15 4 . .
Total male and female 18 years Total 2022 1st quarter 211 168 12 7.0 157 43 79.7 74.1
Total male and female 18 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 182 144 10 7.0 134 38 79.3 73.7
Total male and female 18 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 29 24 2 . 23 5 . .
Total male and female 19 years Total 2022 1st quarter 221 182 14 7.7 168 38 82.6 76.2
Total male and female 19 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 181 148 11 7.4 137 33 81.7 75.6
Total male and female 19 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 40 35 3 9.1 32 5 87.0 79.0
Total male and female 20 years Total 2022 1st quarter 224 185 10 5.5 175 38 82.9 78.4
Total male and female 20 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 179 145 8 5.8 136 34 80.8 76.2
Total male and female 20 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 45 41 2 4.7 39 4 91.4 87.1
Total male and female 21 years Total 2022 1st quarter 229 189 9 4.9 180 40 82.4 78.4
Total male and female 21 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 169 135 7 5.6 127 34 79.8 75.3
Total male and female 21 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 60 54 2 3.3 52 6 89.9 87.0
Total male and female 22 years Total 2022 1st quarter 226 188 14 7.4 174 37 83.4 77.3
Total male and female 22 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 147 115 8 6.7 107 32 78.0 72.7
Total male and female 22 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 78 73 6 8.4 67 5 93.7 85.8
Total male and female 23 years Total 2022 1st quarter 224 191 12 6.5 178 34 85.0 79.5
Total male and female 23 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 139 113 8 7.1 105 26 81.6 75.8
Total male and female 23 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 85 77 4 5.6 73 8 90.6 85.5
Total male and female 24 years Total 2022 1st quarter 218 188 9 4.8 179 31 86.0 81.8
Total male and female 24 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 98 76 6 7.9 70 22 77.8 71.7
Total male and female 24 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 120 112 3 2.7 108 9 92.6 90.1
Male 15 to 24 years Total 2022 1st quarter 1,086 861 64 7.4 797 225 79.3 73.4
Male 15 to 24 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 806 614 48 7.8 566 193 76.1 70.1
Male 15 to 24 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 280 247 15 6.2 232 33 88.4 82.9
Male 15 to 19 years Total 2022 1st quarter 518 390 37 9.6 352 129 75.2 68.0
Male 15 to 19 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 441 328 30 9.2 298 113 74.4 67.6
Male 15 to 19 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 77 61 7 11.7 54 16 79.4 70.1
Male 20 to 24 years Total 2022 1st quarter 568 471 26 5.5 445 96 83.0 78.4
Male 20 to 24 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 365 285 18 6.3 268 80 78.1 73.2
Male 20 to 24 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 202 186 8 4.4 178 17 91.8 87.7
Male 15 years Total 2022 1st quarter 98 64 15 23.4 49 34 65.4 50.1
Male 15 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 85 55 12 21.7 43 30 64.7 50.7
Male 15 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 14 10 3 . 6 4 . .
Male 16 years Total 2022 1st quarter 99 72 5 6.8 67 27 73.1 68.2
Male 16 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 86 65 4 5.7 61 22 75.1 70.8
Male 16 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 12 7 1 . 6 5 . .
Male 17 years Total 2022 1st quarter 102 77 6 7.4 71 24 76.0 70.3
Male 17 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 91 69 6 8.0 63 22 75.7 69.6
Male 17 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 11 8 0 . 8 2 . .
Male 18 years Total 2022 1st quarter 108 82 5 6.1 77 26 76.2 71.6
Male 18 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 92 69 4 6.0 65 23 75.0 70.5
Male 18 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 16 13 1 . 12 3 . .
Male 19 years Total 2022 1st quarter 112 94 7 7.1 87 18 83.8 77.9
Male 19 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 87 71 5 7.0 66 16 81.3 75.6
Male 19 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 25 23 2 . 21 2 . .
Male 20 years Total 2022 1st quarter 113 92 4 4.5 88 21 81.6 77.9
Male 20 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 88 69 3 5.0 65 19 78.1 74.1
Male 20 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 25 24 1 . 23 2 . .
Male 21 years Total 2022 1st quarter 116 96 6 6.4 89 21 82.3 77.1
Male 21 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 86 68 5 7.2 63 18 79.3 73.6
Male 21 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 30 27 1 . 26 3 . .
Male 22 years Total 2022 1st quarter 114 92 4 4.6 88 22 80.5 76.8
Male 22 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 76 56 3 5.2 53 19 74.6 70.8
Male 22 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 39 36 1 3.8 34 3 92.0 88.6
Male 23 years Total 2022 1st quarter 114 97 6 5.8 92 16 85.6 80.7
Male 23 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 67 55 3 5.5 52 12 82.1 77.6
Male 23 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 47 42 3 6.2 40 4 90.5 85.0
Male 24 years Total 2022 1st quarter 110 94 6 6.4 88 16 85.1 79.6
Male 24 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 49 37 4 9.6 34 12 76.2 68.8
Male 24 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 61 56 2 4.3 54 5 92.2 88.3
Female 15 to 24 years Total 2022 1st quarter 1,050 847 66 7.8 781 204 80.6 74.3
Female 15 to 24 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 802 630 51 8.2 578 172 78.5 72.1
Female 15 to 24 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 249 217 15 6.8 203 31 87.4 81.5
Female 15 to 19 years Total 2022 1st quarter 497 377 37 9.9 340 120 75.8 68.3
Female 15 to 19 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 435 331 32 9.6 299 104 76.1 68.8
Female 15 to 19 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 63 46 6 12.2 41 16 74.1 65.1
Female 20 to 24 years Total 2022 1st quarter 553 470 29 6.1 441 84 84.9 79.7
Female 20 to 24 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 367 299 20 6.6 279 69 81.3 76.0
Female 20 to 24 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 186 171 9 5.3 162 15 91.9 87.0
Female 15 years Total 2022 1st quarter 93 53 10 19.5 43 40 57.2 46.1
Female 15 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 78 43 8 17.6 36 34 55.7 45.9
Female 15 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 15 10 3 . 7 5 . .
Female 16 years Total 2022 1st quarter 94 69 9 12.5 60 25 73.2 64.1
Female 16 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 85 63 8 12.7 55 22 74.1 64.7
Female 16 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 10 6 1 . 6 3 . .
Female 17 years Total 2022 1st quarter 97 80 4 5.2 76 17 82.2 77.9
Female 17 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 88 72 4 5.8 68 16 82.0 77.2
Female 17 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 9 7 0 . 7 1 . .
Female 18 years Total 2022 1st quarter 104 86 7 7.8 80 17 83.3 76.7
Female 18 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 90 76 6 7.9 70 15 83.7 77.0
Female 18 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 13 11 1 . 10 3 . .
Female 19 years Total 2022 1st quarter 109 88 7 8.4 81 20 81.3 74.5
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table contains quarterly and yearly figures on labour participation of young people in the Netherlands. The population of 15 to 24 years of age (excluding the institutionalized population) is divided into the employed labour force, the unemployed labour force and those not in the labour force. The employed labour force is subdivided on the basis of the professional status and the average working hours. A division by sex, age and whether they are in education is available.

Due to changes in the survey design and the questionnaire of the Labour Force Survey (LFS), a revision of the figures for 2021 was carried out in the first quarter of 2022.
As a result, the numbers of 2021 and later will not be comparable to the years 2003-2020.

Data available for 2003-2022

Status of the figures:
The figures in this table are final.

Changes as of August 17, 2022:
None, the table has been discontinued.

When will new figures be released?
Not applicable. This table has been replaced, see paragraph 3 for a link to the new table.

Description topics

Labour force and not in the labour force
People who are part of the employed labour force, the unemployed labour force or who are not in the labour force.

This definition concerns people who live in the Netherlands (excluding the institutionalized population). The figures are usually presented for the population aged 15 to 74 years old. Paid work is regardless of the hours worked.
Labour force
People
- who have paid work (employed labour force), or
- who don’t have paid work, recently looked for work and are directly available for it (unemployed labour force).

This definition concerns people who live in the Netherlands (excluding the institutionalized population). The figures are usually presented for the population aged 15 to 74 years old. Paid work is regardless of the hours worked.
Labour force
People
- who have paid work (employed labour force), or
- who don’t have paid work, recently looked for work and are directly available for it (unemployed labour force).

This definition concerns people who live in the Netherlands (excluding the institutionalized population). The figures are usually presented for the population aged 15 to 74 years old. Paid work is regardless of the hours worked.
Employed labour force
People who have paid work.

This definition concerns people who live in the Netherlands (excluding the institutionalized population). The figures are usually presented for the population aged 15 to 74 years old. Paid work is regardless of the hours worked.
Employed labour force
People who have paid work.

This definition concerns people who live in the Netherlands (excluding the institutionalized population). The figures are usually presented for the population aged 15 to 74 years old. Paid work is regardless of the hours worked.
Unemployed labour force
People who don’t have paid work, recently looked for work and are directly available for it.

This definition concerns people who live in the Netherlands (excluding the institutionalized population). The figures are usually presented for the population aged 15 to 74 years old. Paid work is regardless of the hours worked.
Unemployment rate
The unemployed labour force as a percentage of the (employed and unemployed) labour force.

This definition concerns people who live in the Netherlands (excluding the institutionalized population). The figures are usually presented for the population aged 15 to 74 years old.
Not in the labour force
People who don’t have paid work, who haven’t recently looked for work recently or are not directly available for it.

This definition concerns people who live in the Netherlands (excluding the institutionalized population). The figures are usually presented for the population aged 15 to 74 years old. Paid work is regardless of the hours worked.
Gross labour participation rate
The percentage of the (employed and unemployed) labour force in the population (labour force and not in the labour force).

This definition concerns people who live in the Netherlands (excluding the institutionalized population). The figures are usually presented for the population aged 15 to 74 years old.
Net labour participation rate
The percentage of the employed labour force in the population (labour force and not in the labour force).
This definition concerns people who live in the Netherlands (excluding the institutionalized population). The figures are usually presented for the population aged 15 to 74 years old.