Cao wages, contractual wage costs and working hours; index (2010=100)

Cao wages, contractual wage costs and working hours; index (2010=100)

Cao sectors Sector/branches (SIC 2008) Version Periods Index figures Monthly cao wages excl. special payments (2010=100) Index figures Monthly cao wages incl. special payments (2010=100) Index figures Hourly cao wages excl. special payments (2010=100) Index figures Hourly cao wages incl. special payments (2010=100) Index figures Monthly contractual wage costs (2010=100) Index figures Hourly contractual wage costs (2010=100) Year-on-year change Monthly cao wages excl. special payments (%) Year-on-year change Monthly cao wages incl. special payments (%) Year-on-year change Hourly cao wages excl. special payments (%) Year-on-year change Hourly cao wages incl. special payments (%) Year-on-year change Monthly contractual wage costs (%) Year-on-year change Hourly contractual wage costs (%)
Total Collective labour agreement sector A-U All economic activities Current figures 2020 3rd quarter* 118.0 118.7 117.9 118.6 122.4 122.3 3.3 3.0 3.3 3.0 3.2 3.2
Total Collective labour agreement sector A-U All economic activities First-published figures 2020 3rd quarter* 118.0 118.7 117.9 118.6 122.4 122.3 3.3 3.0 3.3 3.0 3.2 3.2
Total Collective labour agreement sector A Agriculture, forestry and fishing Current figures 2020 3rd quarter* 117.4 117.4 117.5 117.5 118.3 118.4 1.7 1.6 1.7 1.7 0.0 0.1
Total Collective labour agreement sector A Agriculture, forestry and fishing First-published figures 2020 3rd quarter* 117.4 117.4 117.5 117.5 118.3 118.4 1.7 1.6 1.7 1.7 0.0 0.1
Total Collective labour agreement sector B Mining and quarrying Current figures 2020 3rd quarter* . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total Collective labour agreement sector B Mining and quarrying First-published figures 2020 3rd quarter* . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total Collective labour agreement sector B-E Industry (no construction), energy Current figures 2020 3rd quarter* 121.9 122.6 121.4 122.0 125.9 125.3 3.9 4.1 3.9 4.0 4.9 4.9
Total Collective labour agreement sector B-E Industry (no construction), energy First-published figures 2020 3rd quarter* 121.9 122.6 121.4 122.0 125.9 125.3 3.9 4.1 3.9 4.0 4.9 4.9
Total Collective labour agreement sector B-F Manufacturing and energy Current figures 2020 3rd quarter* 121.6 122.3 121.0 121.7 125.8 125.2 3.8 4.0 3.7 3.9 4.7 4.7
Total Collective labour agreement sector B-F Manufacturing and energy First-published figures 2020 3rd quarter* 121.6 122.3 121.0 121.7 125.8 125.2 3.8 4.0 3.7 3.9 4.7 4.7
Total Collective labour agreement sector C Manufacturing Current figures 2020 3rd quarter* 122.4 122.8 121.9 122.3 126.0 125.5 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.6 4.5
Total Collective labour agreement sector C Manufacturing First-published figures 2020 3rd quarter* 122.4 122.8 121.9 122.3 126.0 125.5 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.6 4.5
Total Collective labour agreement sector 10-12 Manufacture of food and beverages Current figures 2020 3rd quarter* 119.8 120.3 119.5 120.0 . . 1.8 1.9 1.7 1.9 . .
Total Collective labour agreement sector 10-12 Manufacture of food and beverages First-published figures 2020 3rd quarter* 119.8 120.3 119.5 120.0 . . 1.8 1.9 1.7 1.9 . .
Total Collective labour agreement sector 13-15 Man. of textile-, leatherproducts Current figures 2020 3rd quarter* 116.5 117.1 116.5 117.1 . . 1.3 1.8 1.3 1.8 . .
Total Collective labour agreement sector 13-15 Man. of textile-, leatherproducts First-published figures 2020 3rd quarter* 116.5 117.1 116.5 117.1 . . 1.3 1.8 1.3 1.8 . .
Total Collective labour agreement sector 16+23 Man of wooden and buildingmaterial Current figures 2020 3rd quarter* . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total Collective labour agreement sector 16+23 Man of wooden and buildingmaterial First-published figures 2020 3rd quarter* . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total Collective labour agreement sector 17-18 Manufacture of paper and printing Current figures 2020 3rd quarter* . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total Collective labour agreement sector 17-18 Manufacture of paper and printing First-published figures 2020 3rd quarter* . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total Collective labour agreement sector 18 Printing and reproduction Current figures 2020 3rd quarter* . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total Collective labour agreement sector 18 Printing and reproduction First-published figures 2020 3rd quarter* . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total Collective labour agreement sector 19-22 Refineries and chemistry Current figures 2020 3rd quarter* 121.2 123.4 120.1 122.2 . . 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5 . .
Total Collective labour agreement sector 19-22 Refineries and chemistry First-published figures 2020 3rd quarter* 121.2 123.4 120.1 122.2 . . 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5 . .
Total Collective labour agreement sector 20-21 Chemistry and pharmaceuticals Current figures 2020 3rd quarter* 121.9 125.2 120.3 123.5 . . 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.9 . .
Total Collective labour agreement sector 20-21 Chemistry and pharmaceuticals First-published figures 2020 3rd quarter* 121.9 125.2 120.3 123.5 . . 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.9 . .
Total Collective labour agreement sector 24-25 Man. of basic metals and -products Current figures 2020 3rd quarter* 125.6 125.9 124.5 124.8 . . 6.6 6.6 6.7 6.7 . .
Total Collective labour agreement sector 24-25 Man. of basic metals and -products First-published figures 2020 3rd quarter* 125.6 125.9 124.5 124.8 . . 6.6 6.6 6.7 6.7 . .
Total Collective labour agreement sector 24-30, 33 Metalectro Current figures 2020 3rd quarter* 126.9 127.1 126.3 126.5 130.9 130.3 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.8 6.4 6.5
Total Collective labour agreement sector 24-30, 33 Metalectro First-published figures 2020 3rd quarter* 126.9 127.1 126.3 126.5 130.9 130.3 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.8 6.4 6.5
Total Collective labour agreement sector 26-28 Manufact of electronics, machinery Current figures 2020 3rd quarter* 128.2 128.2 128.2 128.2 . . 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.9 . .
Total Collective labour agreement sector 26-28 Manufact of electronics, machinery First-published figures 2020 3rd quarter* 128.2 128.2 128.2 128.2 . . 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.9 . .
Total Collective labour agreement sector D Energy supply Current figures 2020 3rd quarter* 115.3 118.4 113.1 116.2 122.8 120.5 3.4 5.6 1.5 3.8 5.5 3.6
Total Collective labour agreement sector D Energy supply First-published figures 2020 3rd quarter* 115.3 118.4 113.1 116.2 122.8 120.5 3.4 5.6 1.5 3.8 5.5 3.6
Total Collective labour agreement sector E Water supply and waste management Current figures 2020 3rd quarter* 122.7 125.2 121.9 124.3 130.1 129.2 3.3 3.5 3.3 3.5 3.8 3.9
Total Collective labour agreement sector E Water supply and waste management First-published figures 2020 3rd quarter* 122.7 125.2 121.9 124.3 130.1 129.2 3.3 3.5 3.3 3.5 3.8 3.9
Total Collective labour agreement sector F Construction Current figures 2020 3rd quarter* 121.0 121.7 120.4 121.1 125.5 124.8 3.3 3.7 3.3 3.8 4.1 4.0
Total Collective labour agreement sector F Construction First-published figures 2020 3rd quarter* 121.0 121.7 120.4 121.1 125.5 124.8 3.3 3.7 3.3 3.8 4.1 4.0
Total Collective labour agreement sector G-I Trade, transport, hotels, catering Current figures 2020 3rd quarter* 117.9 118.0 117.7 117.8 121.9 121.7 2.7 2.5 2.6 2.5 2.6 2.6
Total Collective labour agreement sector G-I Trade, transport, hotels, catering First-published figures 2020 3rd quarter* 117.9 118.0 117.7 117.8 121.9 121.7 2.7 2.5 2.6 2.5 2.6 2.6
Total Collective labour agreement sector G-N Commercial services Current figures 2020 3rd quarter* 116.9 117.2 116.9 117.2 120.8 120.8 2.6 2.5 2.8 2.7 2.5 2.6
Total Collective labour agreement sector G-N Commercial services First-published figures 2020 3rd quarter* 116.9 117.2 116.9 117.2 120.8 120.8 2.6 2.5 2.8 2.7 2.5 2.6
Total Collective labour agreement sector G Wholesale and retail trade Current figures 2020 3rd quarter* 117.2 117.1 117.0 116.9 121.0 120.9 3.1 2.8 3.0 2.8 2.8 2.8
Total Collective labour agreement sector G Wholesale and retail trade First-published figures 2020 3rd quarter* 117.2 117.1 117.0 116.9 121.0 120.9 3.1 2.8 3.0 2.8 2.8 2.8
Total Collective labour agreement sector 45 Sale and repair of motor vehicles Current figures 2020 3rd quarter* 120.2 120.3 119.9 120.0 . . 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 . .
Total Collective labour agreement sector 45 Sale and repair of motor vehicles First-published figures 2020 3rd quarter* 120.2 120.3 119.9 120.0 . . 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 . .
Total Collective labour agreement sector 46 Wholesale trade (no motor vehicles) Current figures 2020 3rd quarter* 116.7 116.6 116.7 116.5 . . 2.9 2.7 2.9 2.7 . .
Total Collective labour agreement sector 46 Wholesale trade (no motor vehicles) First-published figures 2020 3rd quarter* 116.7 116.6 116.7 116.5 . . 2.9 2.7 2.9 2.7 . .
Total Collective labour agreement sector 47 Retail trade (not in motor vehicles) Current figures 2020 3rd quarter* 117.0 116.9 116.8 116.6 . . 3.0 2.6 3.0 2.6 . .
Total Collective labour agreement sector 47 Retail trade (not in motor vehicles) First-published figures 2020 3rd quarter* 117.0 116.9 116.8 116.6 . . 3.0 2.6 3.0 2.6 . .
Total Collective labour agreement sector H Transportation and storage Current figures 2020 3rd quarter* 118.7 119.6 118.4 119.3 123.3 123.0 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.4
Total Collective labour agreement sector H Transportation and storage First-published figures 2020 3rd quarter* 118.7 119.6 118.4 119.3 123.3 123.0 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.4
Total Collective labour agreement sector 49 Land transport Current figures 2020 3rd quarter* 119.5 119.3 119.5 119.2 . . 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.6 . .
Total Collective labour agreement sector 49 Land transport First-published figures 2020 3rd quarter* 119.5 119.3 119.5 119.2 . . 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.6 . .
Total Collective labour agreement sector I Accommodation and food serving Current figures 2020 3rd quarter* 120.8 119.6 120.8 119.6 123.2 123.2 3.0 2.9 3.0 2.9 4.5 4.5
Total Collective labour agreement sector I Accommodation and food serving First-published figures 2020 3rd quarter* 120.8 119.6 120.8 119.6 123.2 123.2 3.0 2.9 3.0 2.9 4.5 4.5
Total Collective labour agreement sector J Information and communication Current figures 2020 3rd quarter* 116.7 116.5 117.3 117.1 117.4 118.1 2.5 2.5 2.7 2.7 1.1 1.5
Total Collective labour agreement sector J Information and communication First-published figures 2020 3rd quarter* 116.7 116.5 117.3 117.1 117.4 118.1 2.5 2.5 2.7 2.7 1.1 1.5
Total Collective labour agreement sector 58-60 Publishing, movie, radio and TV Current figures 2020 3rd quarter* . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total Collective labour agreement sector 58-60 Publishing, movie, radio and TV First-published figures 2020 3rd quarter* . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total Collective labour agreement sector K Financial institutions Current figures 2020 3rd quarter* 113.0 114.1 112.7 113.6 120.2 119.7 2.4 2.0 3.5 2.9 0.9 1.9
Total Collective labour agreement sector K Financial institutions First-published figures 2020 3rd quarter* 113.0 114.1 112.7 113.6 120.2 119.7 2.4 2.0 3.5 2.9 0.9 1.9
Total Collective labour agreement sector 64 Financial institutions, no insurance Current figures 2020 3rd quarter* 111.7 112.5 111.6 112.5 . . 2.1 1.7 2.8 2.6 . .
Total Collective labour agreement sector 64 Financial institutions, no insurance First-published figures 2020 3rd quarter* 111.7 112.5 111.6 112.5 . . 2.1 1.7 2.8 2.6 . .
Total Collective labour agreement sector 65 Insurance and pension funding Current figures 2020 3rd quarter* 114.8 116.0 114.1 115.2 . . 2.9 2.1 4.3 3.5 . .
Total Collective labour agreement sector 65 Insurance and pension funding First-published figures 2020 3rd quarter* 114.8 116.0 114.1 115.2 . . 2.9 2.1 4.3 3.5 . .
Total Collective labour agreement sector L Renting, buying, selling real estate Current figures 2020 3rd quarter* 115.0 115.0 116.1 116.1 114.7 115.7 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.6 2.7
Total Collective labour agreement sector L Renting, buying, selling real estate First-published figures 2020 3rd quarter* 115.0 115.0 116.1 116.1 114.7 115.7 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.6 2.7
Total Collective labour agreement sector M-N Business services Current figures 2020 3rd quarter* 117.1 117.6 117.2 117.8 120.7 120.9 2.8 2.7 2.8 2.9 3.2 3.2
Total Collective labour agreement sector M-N Business services First-published figures 2020 3rd quarter* 117.1 117.6 117.2 117.8 120.7 120.9 2.8 2.7 2.8 2.9 3.2 3.2
Total Collective labour agreement sector M Other specialised business services Current figures 2020 3rd quarter* 116.4 116.5 116.4 116.5 118.7 118.7 2.9 2.7 2.9 2.6 2.7 2.6
Total Collective labour agreement sector M Other specialised business services First-published figures 2020 3rd quarter* 116.4 116.5 116.4 116.5 118.7 118.7 2.9 2.7 2.9 2.6 2.7 2.6
Total Collective labour agreement sector 69-71 Management, technical consultancy Current figures 2020 3rd quarter* 116.1 116.1 116.2 116.2 . . 3.1 3.2 3.1 3.2 . .
Total Collective labour agreement sector 69-71 Management, technical consultancy First-published figures 2020 3rd quarter* 116.1 116.1 116.2 116.2 . . 3.1 3.2 3.1 3.2 . .
Total Collective labour agreement sector 711 Architects, engineers etc. Current figures 2020 3rd quarter* 116.6 116.5 116.6 116.5 . . 3.3 3.4 3.3 3.3 . .
Total Collective labour agreement sector 711 Architects, engineers etc. First-published figures 2020 3rd quarter* 116.6 116.5 116.6 116.5 . . 3.3 3.4 3.3 3.3 . .
Total Collective labour agreement sector N Renting and other business support Current figures 2020 3rd quarter* 118.1 119.2 118.3 119.4 123.5 123.7 2.5 2.8 2.7 2.9 3.7 3.8
Total Collective labour agreement sector N Renting and other business support First-published figures 2020 3rd quarter* 118.1 119.2 118.3 119.4 123.5 123.7 2.5 2.8 2.7 2.9 3.7 3.8
Total Collective labour agreement sector 782 Provision of temporary employment Current figures 2020 3rd quarter* 116.9 117.2 117.3 117.7 . . 2.5 2.7 2.5 2.9 . .
Total Collective labour agreement sector 782 Provision of temporary employment First-published figures 2020 3rd quarter* 116.9 117.2 117.3 117.7 . . 2.5 2.7 2.5 2.9 . .
Total Collective labour agreement sector 80 Security and investigation Current figures 2020 3rd quarter* 112.7 115.1 111.4 113.7 . . 2.6 2.7 2.6 2.5 . .
Total Collective labour agreement sector 80 Security and investigation First-published figures 2020 3rd quarter* 112.7 115.1 111.4 113.7 . . 2.6 2.7 2.6 2.5 . .
Total Collective labour agreement sector 812 Cleaning activities Current figures 2020 3rd quarter* 124.6 128.3 125.2 128.9 . . 3.0 3.3 3.5 3.8 . .
Total Collective labour agreement sector 812 Cleaning activities First-published figures 2020 3rd quarter* 124.6 128.3 125.2 128.9 . . 3.0 3.3 3.5 3.8 . .
Total Collective labour agreement sector O-Q Government and care Current figures 2020 3rd quarter* 117.5 118.9 117.8 119.1 122.9 123.1 3.9 3.1 4.0 3.1 3.2 3.2
Total Collective labour agreement sector O-Q Government and care First-published figures 2020 3rd quarter* 117.5 118.9 117.8 119.1 122.9 123.1 3.9 3.1 4.0 3.1 3.2 3.2
Total Collective labour agreement sector O-U Noncommercial services Current figures 2020 3rd quarter* 117.4 118.8 117.7 119.0 122.7 122.9 3.8 3.1 3.9 3.1 3.2 3.2
Total Collective labour agreement sector O-U Noncommercial services First-published figures 2020 3rd quarter* 117.4 118.8 117.7 119.0 122.7 122.9 3.8 3.1 3.9 3.1 3.2 3.2
Total Collective labour agreement sector O Public administration and services Current figures 2020 3rd quarter* 116.9 118.2 116.7 118.0 122.8 122.6 4.0 3.3 4.0 3.3 3.5 3.5
Total Collective labour agreement sector O Public administration and services First-published figures 2020 3rd quarter* 116.9 118.2 116.7 118.0 122.8 122.6 4.0 3.3 4.0 3.3 3.5 3.5
Total Collective labour agreement sector P Education Current figures 2020 3rd quarter* 118.5 119.1 118.5 119.1 124.2 124.2 3.6 3.1 3.6 3.1 3.1 3.1
Total Collective labour agreement sector P Education First-published figures 2020 3rd quarter* 118.5 119.1 118.5 119.1 124.2 124.2 3.6 3.1 3.6 3.1 3.1 3.1
Total Collective labour agreement sector Q Health and social work activities Current figures 2020 3rd quarter* 117.6 119.5 118.3 120.1 122.5 123.2 4.1 3.2 4.1 3.1 3.2 3.3
Total Collective labour agreement sector Q Health and social work activities First-published figures 2020 3rd quarter* 117.6 119.5 118.3 120.1 122.5 123.2 4.1 3.2 4.1 3.1 3.2 3.3
Total Collective labour agreement sector 86 Human health activities Current figures 2020 3rd quarter* 117.7 118.8 118.4 119.5 . . 4.5 2.6 4.4 2.6 . .
Total Collective labour agreement sector 86 Human health activities First-published figures 2020 3rd quarter* 117.7 118.8 118.4 119.5 . . 4.5 2.6 4.4 2.6 . .
Total Collective labour agreement sector 87-88 Care and social work Current figures 2020 3rd quarter* 117.5 120.1 118.1 120.7 . . 3.7 3.6 3.7 3.7 . .
Total Collective labour agreement sector 87-88 Care and social work First-published figures 2020 3rd quarter* 117.5 120.1 118.1 120.7 . . 3.7 3.6 3.7 3.7 . .
Total Collective labour agreement sector R-U Culture, recreation, other services Current figures 2020 3rd quarter* 116.0 117.5 116.0 117.5 120.8 120.8 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.1
Total Collective labour agreement sector R-U Culture, recreation, other services First-published figures 2020 3rd quarter* 116.0 117.5 116.0 117.5 120.8 120.8 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.1
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table contains index figures of the quantification of the development of the contractual wage, labour costs and working hours of employees in the Netherlands. The table contains index figures on a number of elements contained in the collective labour agreements (in Dutch: cao), namely wages per month and per hour including and excluding special payments, contractual wage costs (per month and per hour) and contractual working hours. In addition, it presents developments calculated on the basis of these indices and the percentage of collective labour agreements completed.

Data available from: 1972, for the annual figures (up to and including 2009 to a limited extent) and from 2010, for the monthly figures and quarterly figures.

Status of the figures:
All the figures from 1972 to 2019 are definitive.
The figures for 2020 are provisional.

Changes as of 1 October 2020:
Figures for September 2020 and third quarter 2020 have been added.

When will new figures be published?
The monthly figures are published within one week after the end of the calendar month concerned. This is called the initial figure. The index is subsequently reviewed every month based on the additional completed collective labour agreements in that month.
Current figures marked with * are provisional. Up to the second quarter they can be reviewed monthly based on new completed collective labour agreements. In the second quarter the figures of the previous calendar year become definitive (current figures without *).

Description topics

Index figures
Index
An index is the ratio between two values, based on a base year which equals to 100.
The use of indices makes it simpler and easier to monitor and compare the development of certain quantities (wages, prices) over time.
Monthly cao wages excl. special payments
Monthly cao wages exclusive special payments
These are the cao wages excluding special payments.
Cao wages include:
- gross wage for normal working hours of full-time employees.
- all required mandatory (compulsory), regularly paid allowances.
Special payments include:
all binding (compulsory) prescribed special (non-monthly) payments belonging to the gross income, such as holiday allowance, Christmas bonus, one-time payments and the compensation for public health costs and the employers' contribution for the life course savings scheme.
Conditional bonuses, e.g. bonuses based on the employee's age, bonuses for shift work and individual wage increases are not included in cao wages and special payments.
Monthly cao wages incl. special payments
Monthly cao wages including special payments
These are the cao wages including special payments.
Cao wages include:
- gross wage for normal working hours of full-time employees.
- all required mandatory (compulsory), regularly paid allowances.
Special payments include:
all binding (compulsory) prescribed special (non-monthly) payments belonging to the gross income, such as holiday allowance, Christmas bonus, one-time payments and the compensation for public health costs and the employers' contribution for the life course savings scheme.
Conditional bonuses, e.g. bonuses based on the employee's age, bonuses for shift work and individual wage increases are not included in cao wages and special payments.
Hourly cao wages excl. special payments
Hourly cao wages exclusive special payments
These are the cao wages excluding special payments and including the development of yearly working hours.
Cao wages include:
- gross wage for normal working hours of full-time employees.
- all required mandatory (compulsory), regularly paid allowances.
Special payments include:
all binding (compulsory) prescribed special (non-monthly) payments belonging to the gross income, such as holiday allowance, Christmas bonus, one-time payments and the compensation for public health costs and the employers' contribution for the life course savings scheme.
Conditional bonuses, e.g. bonuses based on the employee's age, bonuses for shift work and individual wage increases are not included in cao wages and special payments.
Hourly cao wages incl. special payments
Hourly cao wages including special payments
These are the cao wages including special payments and the development of yearly working hours.
Cao wages include:
- gross wage for normal working hours of full-time employees.
- all required mandatory (compulsory), regularly paid allowances.
Special payments include:
all binding (compulsory) prescribed special (non-monthly) payments belonging to the gross income, such as holiday allowance, Christmas bonus, one-time payments the compensation for public health costs and the employers' contribution for the life course savings scheme.
Conditional bonuses, e.g. bonuses based on the employee's age, bonuses for shift work and individual wage increases are not included in cao wages and special payments.
Monthly contractual wage costs
Monthly contractual wage costs
The index of monthly contractual wage costs indicates the development of labour costs for employers. This includes the cao wage including special payments plus statutory and contractual employer contributions to pension, early retirement, unemployment, sickness, disability and social funds. Both changes in the collective labour wage and changes in employers' contributions are reflected in the contractual wage costs figures.
Hourly contractual wage costs
Hourly contractual wage costs
The index of hourly contractual wage costs indicates the development of labour costs for employers in which the development of contractual working hours has been taken into account. This includes the cao wage including special payments plus statutory and contractual employer contributions to pension, early retirement, unemployment, sickness, disability and social funds. Both changes in the collective labour wage and changes in employers' contributions are reflected in the contractual wage costs figures.
Year-on-year change
Year-on-year change
These percentage changes are always related to the current figures and are compared to same period in the previous year. This is also the case for the year-on-year change of the initial figures.
Monthly cao wages excl. special payments
Monthly cao wages exclusive special payments
These are the cao wages excluding special payments.
Cao wages include:
- gross wage for normal working hours of full-time employees.
- all required mandatory (compulsory), regularly paid allowances.
Special payments include:
all binding (compulsory) prescribed special (non-monthly) payments belonging to the gross income, such as holiday allowance, Christmas bonus, one-time payments and the compensation for public health costs and the employers' contribution for the life course savings scheme.
Conditional bonuses, e.g. bonuses based on the employee's age, bonuses for shift work and individual wage increases are not included in cao wages and special payments.
Monthly cao wages incl. special payments
Monthly cao wages including special payments
These are the cao wages including special payments.
Cao wages include:
- gross wage for normal working hours of full-time employees.
- all required mandatory (compulsory), regularly paid allowances.
Special payments include:
all binding (compulsory) prescribed special (non-monthly) payments belonging to the gross income, such as holiday allowance, Christmas bonus, one-time payments and the compensation for public health costs and the employers' contribution for the life course savings scheme.
Conditional bonuses, e.g. bonuses based on the employee's age, bonuses for shift work and individual wage increases are not included in cao wages and special payments.
Hourly cao wages excl. special payments
Hourly cao wages exclusive special payments
These are the cao wages excluding special payments and including the development of yearly working hours.
Cao wages include:
- gross wage for normal working hours of full-time employees.
- all required mandatory (compulsory), regularly paid allowances.
Special payments include:
all binding (compulsory) prescribed special (non-monthly) payments belonging to the gross income, such as holiday allowance, Christmas bonus, one-time payments and the compensation for public health costs and the employers' contribution for the life course savings scheme.
Conditional bonuses, e.g. bonuses based on the employee's age, bonuses for shift work and individual wage increases are not included in cao wages and special payments.
Hourly cao wages incl. special payments
Hourly cao wages including special payments
These are the cao wages including special payments and the development of yearly working hours.
Cao wages include:
- gross wage for normal working hours of full-time employees.
- all required mandatory (compulsory), regularly paid allowances.
Special payments include:
all binding (compulsory) prescribed special (non-monthly) payments belonging to the gross income, such as holiday allowance, Christmas bonus, one-time payments the compensation for public health costs and the employers' contribution for the life course savings scheme.
Conditional bonuses, e.g. bonuses based on the employee's age, bonuses for shift work and individual wage increases are not included in cao wages and special payments.
Monthly contractual wage costs
Monthly contractual wage costs
The index of monthly contractual wage costs indicates the development of labour costs for employers. This includes the cao wage including special payments plus statutory and contractual employer contributions to pension, early retirement, unemployment, sickness, disability and social funds. Both changes in the collective labour wage and changes in employers' contributions are reflected in the contractual wage costs figures.
Hourly contractual wage costs
Hourly contractual wage costs
The index of hourly contractual wage costs indicates the development of labour costs for employers in which the development of contractual working hours has been taken into account. This includes the cao wage including special payments plus statutory and contractual employer contributions to pension, early retirement, unemployment, sickness, disability and social funds. Both changes in the collective labour wage and changes in employers' contributions are reflected in the contractual wage costs figures.