Environmental taxes and fees, revenues by taxpayer; national accounts

Environmental taxes and fees, revenues by taxpayer; national accounts

Taxpayers Periods Environmental tax revenues Environmental taxes on products Emission allowances (mln euro)
L Renting, buying, selling real estate 2021* 0
N Renting and other business support 2021* 0
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table presents an overview of the revenues of the environmental taxes and fees. The government charges several taxes and fees to support and finance environmental policy.
The revenues of environmental taxes and fees can be attributed by taxpayer, distinguishing private households, industries and non-residents.
The above mentioned revenues of environmental taxes and fees are presented in the following variables:
-value in current prices, million euros.

Data available from: 1995

Status of the figures:
Figures for 2020 and 2021 are provisional. The revenues of environmental taxes and fees data are consistent in time and in compliance with the Dutch national accounts.

Changes as of 21 November 2022:
Data for 2021 have been added. Proceeds from the emission permits under the EU-ETS are shown in a separate column. They are no longer added to the energy tax on electricity and gas use.

When will new figures be published?
New figures are published annually around October.

Description topics

Environmental tax revenues
Revenues of taxes that aim to reduce environmentally damaging activities through a price increase. The revenues of these taxes flow into the general budget and are not dedicated to financing environmental measures. Examples of environmental taxes are excise duties on petrol, motor vehicle tax, energy tax and tax on passenger cars and motorcycles.
Environmental taxes on products
The following product-related taxes are environmental taxes: tax on groundwater, tap water, waste, petrol, energy and packaging. These come under the environmentally based tax act (Wet belastingen op milieugrondslag).
Emission allowances
Emission allowances consist of government revenues from the auctioning of emission permits for the EU Emission Trading System (EU ETS). Companies that emit large amounts of CO2 are obliged to participate and have to surrender an emission allowance for every tonne of CO2 they emit. The Dutch government receives revenues from auctioning of ETS permits since 2011, but the system has been around for longer. The total of emission allowances is in line with the government figures from the National Accounts. The use of emission allowances per industry is based on the balance of the number of allowances surrendered and allowances received for free. Participating companies receive part of the allowances for free to compensate for the 'carbon leakage’ effect, the rest they have to buy on the market. For practical reasons, an average price was used. Actual costs for companies may differ because costs and revenues from emission allowance trading have not been taken into account.