|Sectors/Branches||Periods||Business confidence (%)|
|All enterprises (no finance or energy)||2022 3rd quarter||8.2|
|M-N Business services||2022 3rd quarter||8.6|
|B Mining and quarrying||2022 3rd quarter||1.5|
|C Manufacturing||2022 3rd quarter||8.4|
|10-12 Manufacture of food and beverages||2022 3rd quarter||2.2|
|13-15 Man. of textile-, leatherproducts||2022 3rd quarter||5.3|
|16+23 Man of wooden and buildingmaterial||2022 3rd quarter||5.4|
|17-18 Manufacture of paper and printing||2022 3rd quarter||2.5|
|19-22 Refineries and chemistry||2022 3rd quarter||4.5|
|24-25 Man. of basic metals and -products||2022 3rd quarter||5.4|
|26-28 Manufact of electronics, machinery||2022 3rd quarter||24.1|
|29-30 Transport equipment||2022 3rd quarter||8.0|
|F Construction||2022 3rd quarter||18.6|
|G Wholesale and retail trade||2022 3rd quarter||5.5|
|45+47 Retail sale and car trade||2022 3rd quarter||1.7|
|45 Sale and repair of motor vehicles||2022 3rd quarter||3.4|
|46 Wholesale trade (no motor vehicles)||2022 3rd quarter||7.7|
|47 Retail trade (not in motor vehicles)||2022 3rd quarter||1.6|
|H Transportation and storage||2022 3rd quarter||8.7|
|49-96 Total services||2022 3rd quarter||8.0|
|I Accommodation and food serving||2022 3rd quarter||15.5|
|J Information and communication||2022 3rd quarter||15.5|
|L Renting, buying, selling real estate||2022 3rd quarter||0.8|
Business confidence is a sentiment indicator for the Dutch private sector, which indicates the direction in which the Dutch economy (gross domestic product, GDP) is expected to develop. When assessing the results, it can be assumed that the more optimistic or pessimistic the entrepreneurs are, the more the value of business confidence will deviate positively or negatively from the zero line and the greater the expectation is that the development of GDP will increase or decrease in the coming months. Business confidence in the total Dutch private sector is a weighted average of the confidence indicators of the underlying sectors/industries, which together form a representative reflection of the Dutch business community from a economic vieuwpoint. In addition to the quarterly series of business confidence, confidence indicators are also available on a monthly basis for the manufacturing industry and some underlying industries. These are published in a separate table under the name Producer confidence; sentiment indicator of manufacturing industry, branches. The results for the months of January, April, July and October correspond with the indicators manufacturing industry of Business confidence in quarters 1, 2, 3 and 4 respectively.
Data available from: 4th quarter 2008
Changes as of August 15, 2022:
The results for third quarter 2022 have been added.
When will new figures be published?
The results for fourth quarter 2022 are expected to be published mid-November 2022.
- Business confidence
- Business confidence is a sentiment indicator for the Dutch private sector, which indicates the direction in which the Dutch economy (gross domestic product, GDP) is expected to develop.