|Origin-destination||Periods||Environment physical data Net energy consumption (PJ)||Environment physical data Tap water use (mln m3)||Environment physical data Solid waste production (mln kg)||Environment physical data Heavy metals to water (1 000 heavy metal-equivalents)||Environment physical data Nutrients to water (1 000 nutrient-equivalents)||Environment physical data Climate change (greenhouse gases) (mln greenhousegas-equivalents)||Environment physical data Acidification (mld acid-equivalents)||Environment physical data Ozone layer depletion (1 000 CFK12-equivalents)||Environment physical data Fine dust (mln kg)||Environment financial data Revenues environmental fees and -taxes (mln euros)||Environment financial data Environmental expenditure (mln euros)||Environment financial data Environmental investment (mln euros)|
|Total Dutch economy||2012*||3,602||.||.||.||.||230,302||20.0||124.5||34.9||22,645||.||.|
|A-U All economic activities||2012*||2,887||.||.||.||.||185,519||18.1||110.9||26.6||8,405||.||.|
|A Agriculture, forestry and fishing||2012*||165||.||.||.||.||27,835||7.0||0.0||7.0||344||.||.|
|B-E Industry (no construction), energy||2012*||1,867||.||.||.||.||110,007||2.8||85.9||7.9||2,298||.||.|
|B Mining and quarrying||2012*||42||.||.||.||.||2,692||0.1||0.0||0.0||24||.||.|
|10-12 Manufacture of food and beverages||2012*||85||.||.||.||.||4,417||0.1||0.0||1.9||434||.||.|
|13-15 Man. of textile-, leatherproducts||2012*||5||.||.||.||.||193||0.0||0.0||0.1||35||.||.|
|16-18 Man. wood en paperprod., printing||2012*||33||.||.||.||.||1,354||0.0||0.0||0.5||121||.||.|
|16 Manufacture of wood products||2012*||3||.||.||.||.||172||0.0||0.0||0.2||13||.||.|
|17 Manufacture of paper||2012*||25||.||.||.||.||1,094||0.0||0.0||0.3||72||.||.|
|18 Printing and reproduction||2012*||5||.||.||.||.||89||0.0||0.0||0.0||35||.||.|
|19 Manufacture of coke and petroleum||2012*||180||.||.||.||.||10,717||0.6||0.0||0.2||568||.||.|
|20-21 Chemistry and pharmaceuticals||2012*||887||.||.||.||.||18,027||0.4||0.0||1.4||400||.||.|
|20 Manufacture of chemicals||2012*||.||.||.||.||.||17,815||0.4||0.0||1.4||377||.||.|
|21 Manufacture of pharmaceuticals||2012*||.||.||.||.||.||211||0.0||0.0||0.0||22||.||.|
|22-23 Man. plastics and constructionprod||2012*||39||.||.||.||.||2,043||0.2||0.0||1.2||80||.||.|
|22 Manufacture rubber, plastic products||2012*||12||.||.||.||.||215||0.0||0.0||0.0||36||.||.|
|23 Manufacture of building materials||2012*||27||.||.||.||.||1,828||0.2||0.0||1.2||44||.||.|
|24-25 Man. of basic metals and -products||2012*||140||.||.||.||.||7,037||0.4||0.0||2.0||141||.||.|
|24 Manufacture of basic metals||2012*||129||.||.||.||.||6,570||0.4||0.0||1.5||72||.||.|
|25 Manufacture of metal products||2012*||10||.||.||.||.||468||0.0||0.0||0.4||69||.||.|
|26-27 Elektrical and electron. Industry||2012*||22||.||.||.||.||345||0.0||0.0||0.0||41||.||.|
|28 Manufacture of machinery n.e.c.||2012*||8||.||.||.||.||281||0.0||0.0||0.1||55||.||.|
|29-30 Transport equipment||2012*||5||.||.||.||.||142||0.0||0.0||0.0||37||.||.|
|31-33 Other manufacturing and repair||2012*||7||.||.||.||.||562||0.0||0.0||0.1||53||.||.|
|D Electricity and gas supply||2012*||319||.||.||.||.||49,178||0.6||0.0||0.1||69||.||.|
|E Water supply and waste management||2012*||94||.||.||.||.||10,327||0.2||85.9||0.2||238||.||.|
|G-I Trade, transport, hotels, catering||2012*||548||.||.||.||.||34,956||7.4||0.0||8.7||2,467||.||.|
|J Information and communication||2012*||17||.||.||.||.||584||0.0||0.0||0.1||127||.||.|
|K Financial institutions||2012*||20||.||.||.||.||623||0.0||0.0||0.1||206||.||.|
|L Renting, buying, selling real estate||2012*||19||.||.||.||.||156||0.0||0.0||0.0||63||.||.|
|M-N Business services||2012*||50||.||.||.||.||2,806||0.2||0.0||0.4||1,753||.||.|
|O-Q Government and care||2012*||109||.||.||.||.||5,612||0.3||0.0||0.4||727||.||.|
|R-U Culture, recreation, other services||2012*||34||.||.||.||.||1,642||0.1||0.0||0.1||200||.||.|
|Total private households||2012*||716||.||.||.||.||40,974||1.8||0.4||8.4||14,240||.||.|
|Total from abroad||2012*||.||.||.||.||.||0||8.4||0.0||3.7||.||.||.|
|Contribution environmental problem||2012*||.||.||.||.||.||9.6||125.0||32.0||.||.||.|
This table of key figures from the environmental accounts and the national accounts shows contributions to certain environmental issues such as global warming, acidification, environmental costs and environmental taxes by industries and households. In addition, for comparison some economic characteristics of the national accounts as gross value added and labor input of persons are included.
In the environmental accounts, the relationship between the Dutch economy and the environment is described. Because the environmental accounts are consistent with the concepts of the national accounts, both could be compared directly
The environmental accounts are based on figures from the environmental statistics. On eof the main differences between environmental statistics and environmental accounts is that the environmental accounts and the national accounts are based on the residence principle as the basic environmental statistics are based on the Dutch territory.
Data available from: 1995-2012
Status of the figures:
The figures concerning 2011 and 2012 are (revised) provisional. Because this table is discontinued, figures will not be updated anymore.
Changes as of November 12, 2014:
None, this table is discontinued.
When will new figures be published?
Not applicable anymore. This table is replaced by table: Environmental and economic key figures. See paragraph 3.
- Environment physical data
- Net energy consumption
- Final energy use for energy and non-energy purposes (for example the use of lubricants) plus the conversion losses of energy (for example energy losses that occur when coal and gas are converted into electricity in power plants).
- Tap water use
- Water from the tap of drinking water quality produced by the water supply companies and provided to households and businesses.
Tap water is purified groundwater or surface water and transported through a network of pipes.
The use of so-called 'other water' is not included. 'Other water' is water of different, superior or inferior quality compared to tap water.
One can think of unfiltered and filtered water, or distilled and demineralised water.
As part of the environmental accounts, on an annual basis Water Accounts are compiled. Part of these accounts is the (physical) use of water by the different economic activities.
In here a distinction is made between the use of tap water and extraction of groundwater and of surface water.
The water use is allocated to the various industries and households.
- Solid waste production
- Waste types are categorised according to the European Regulation on Waste Statistics. Waste with commercial value (waste products) and without commercial value (waste residuals) for the producer are taken into account.
- Heavy metals to water
- A group of metals with a high atomic weight. Highly toxic metals are arsenic, cadmium, chromium, copper, mercury, nickel, lead and zinc. The emissions of arsenic, cadmium, chromium, copper, mercury, nickel, lead and zinc can be converted into heavy-metal equivalents and subsequently be added up. The conversion to heavy-metal equivalents takes into account the harmfulness of the substances for the environment (VROM, 1993: Environmental policy performance indicators, A. Adriaanse).
The individual substances have the following corresponding weights in the equivalent:
- Nutrients to water
- Nutrients that are necessary for the growth of plants and crops (e.g. phosphorus and nitrogen). A too high concentration of phosphorus and/or nitrogen is bad for the quality of surface water. The emissions of phosphorus and nitrogen are converted into nutrient equivalents and subsequently added up. The conversion takes into account the harmfulness of the substances for the environment. Phosphorus has a larger weight in the equivalent than nitrogen (factor 10).
- Climate change (greenhouse gases)
- Greenhouse gases in the atmosphere retain part of the solar heat that reaches the earth. The increased concentration of greenhouse gases means more warmth is retained and the temperature of the earth's surface rises.
This is called the "enhanced greenhouse effect". The most important greenhouse gases are carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), laughing gas (N2O), HFCs, PFCs and SF6.
- Process which causes the acidification of soil and water as a result of the emission of polluting substances like NOx, SO2, NH3 and VOS (volatile organic substances) into the air and their consequent penetration into water and soil. Acidifying substances are included under the environmental theme "large-scale air pollution".
One acidification equivalent is equal to one mole H+. The emission of one kg NOx is equal to 21,7 acidification equivalents, the emission of one 1 kg SO2 is equal to 31,3 acidification equivalents, and the emission of one 1 kg NH3 is equal to 58,8 acidification equivalents.
- Ozone layer depletion
- Depletion of the ozone layer as a result of emissions of CFCs and halones to air, converted to CFC12 equivalents. The conversion factors are based on the extent to which the different CFCs and halones affect the ozone layer.
- Fine dust
- Includes only the emission of PM10. PM10 are particles smaller than 10 micrometres, that can penetrate deep into the lungs and are thus harmful to humans.
- Environment financial data
- Expenditures and revenues related to care for the environment.
- Revenues environmental fees and -taxes
- Total revenues from environmental levies and environmental taxes.
Environmental levies are imposed by the government to finance specific environmental measures. Environmental taxes are taxes intended to reduce human activities that harm the environment. The revenues from environmental taxes go into the general government revenue and are not used to finance specific environmental policies. Examples of environmental taxes are excise on motor fuels, road tax, the tax on cars and motorcycles and energy tax.
- Environmental expenditure
- Total of environmental expenditure for own activities. This consists of estimated capital costs (interest and depreciation), current costs en other costs.
- Environmental investment
- Environmental investment is additional investment as a result of measures to protect, restore or improve the environment.