Social protection benefits by functions, criteria, implementation 1994-2012

Table description


This table gives an overview of the social protection benefits available in the Netherlands. Social protection benefits are classified as all benefits that fall under social services, social security laws, pension insurance, social benefits paid directly by employers and social benefits in kind paid by the government to families. The benefits concern both benefits in kind and cash benefits.

Social protection benefits protect recipients against certain risks or provide in certain needs. These risks and needs are grouped into nine functions. The social protection schemes are also classified by five criteria and eleven underlying categories, as laid down in the European System of Social Protection Statistics (ESSPROS) programme. This programme aims to improve the comparability of international social protection statistics. The function "Education" is not a part of social protection in the sense of ESSPROS.
However, this function is included in the table to provide a complete picture of social protection in the Netherlands. Lastly the benefits are classified by the sector providing the benefit.

In line with the regulations in the European System of Accounts (ESA95), benefits are recorded when they are claimed (accrual-based recording), not when they are paid (cash-based recording).

Data available from 1994 to 2012.

Status of the figures:
The figures in this table are definite up to 2010, revised provisional for 2011 and provisional for 2012. Because this table is discontinued, figures will not be updated anymore.

Changes as of 10 April 2015.
None, this table is discontinued.

When will new figures be published?
Not applicable anymore.

Description topics

Total social protection benefits
Social protection encompasses all interventions by public or private
bodies intended to relieve households and individuals of the burden of a
defined set of risks or needs, provided that the recipient does not have
to do anything in return, and that no individual arrangement is involved.
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Support in cash or kind in aid of education is included in the social
protection benefits. This function is not included in social protection as
defined by Eurostat for international comparisons, but is included in
social benefits as defined in the National Accounts. To ensure
compatibility with the National Accounts, this function has now been
added.
Functions social protection benefits
Social protection encompasses all interventions by public or private
bodies intended to relieve households and individuals of the burden of a
defined set of risks or needs, provided that the recipient does not have
to do anything in return, and that no individual arrangement is involved.
The functional classification of social protection benefits arranges the
social protection schemes according to this set of risk and needs
(functions). If a scheme fulfils more than one function, the benefit is
divided over these functions. The sum of the benefits in all the
functions adds up to the total amount of benefits paid by all social
protection schemes in the year concerned.
Sickness/Health care
To ensure income and financial support in the case of physical or
mental illness, excluding disability. Health care is care intended to
maintain, restore or improve the health of the people protected
irrespective of the origin of the disorder.
Disability
To ensure income and support in cash or kind (except health care) in the
case of incapacity of physically or mentally disabled people to engage in
economic and social activities.
Old age
To ensure income and support in cash or kind (except health care) in
the case of old age.
Survivors
To ensure income and support in cash or kind in the case of the death of
a family member.
Family
Support in cash or kind (except health care) for costs of pregnancy,
childbirth and adoption, bringing up children and caring for other family
members.
Unemployment
To ensure income and support in cash or kind in connection with
unemployment.
Housing
Help towards the cost of housing.
Education
Support in cash or kind in connection with obtaining an education.
Social exclusion not mentioned above
Benefits in cash or kind (except health care) specifically intended to
combat social exclusion, where not covered by one of the other
functions.
Criteria for social protection benefits
Social protection encompasses all interventions by public or private
bodies intended to relieve households and individuals of the burden of a
defined set of risks or needs, provided that the recipient does not have
to do anything in return, and that no individual arrangement is involved.
The social protection schemes can be arranged according to criteria. For
each criterion the schemes are placed into two or more categories. A
scheme falls into one category for each criterion. The sum of the
categories within a criterion adds up to the total amount of benefits paid
by all social protection schemes.
Legal enforcement
Legal enforcement refers to the rules laid down in legislation concerning
the membership of the protected subjects. Membership of a social
protection scheme may be compulsory or non-compulsory. The concepts
compulsory and non-compulsory are interpreted from the point of view of
the persons protected.
Compulsory schemes
Compulsory schemes are social protection schemes where membership is made
compulsory by the government.
Non-compulsory schemes
Non-compulsory schemes are all social protection schemes where membership
is not made compulsory by government.
Level of protection
Level of protection refers to whether social protection schemes offer a
basic or a supplementary level of protection.
Basic schemes
Basic schemes are social protection schemes that guarantee a basic level
of protection. A basic level of protection means the lowest level of
protection (based on the number of years of contributions/employment
and/or residency), without it strictly being understood as the level of
resources allowing only the minimum socially acceptable standard of
living. Basic old age pension schemes, for instance, typically guarantee
either a flat-rate pension and/or a limited percentage of former earnings
which may or may not be supplemented by other provisions. The term 'first
pillar' is often used for basic schemes.
Supplementary schemes
Supplementary schemes are social protection schemes that:
- top up cash benefits granted by the basic scheme, or;
- extend the coverage of the basic scheme, or;
- replace the basic scheme where conditions for entitlement to the basic
scheme are not fulfilled.
The term 'second pillar' is often used for supplementary schemes.