Environmental and economic key figures; NAMEA

Environmental and economic key figures; NAMEA

Classifications and households All periods Environment: pollution Solid waste production (mln kg) Environment: pollution Heavy metals to water (1 000 heavy metal-equivalents) Environment: pollution Nutrients to water (1 000 nutrient-equivalents) Environment: pollution Climate change (greenhouse gases) (mln greenhousegas-equivalents) Environment: pollution Acidification (mln acid-equivalents) Environment: pollution Ozone layer depletion (1 000 CFK12-equivalents) Environment: pollution Fine dust (mln kg) Environment financial Revenues environmental fees and -taxes (mln euros) Environment financial Environmental expenditure (mln euros) Environment financial Environmental investment (mln euros)
Contribution environmental problem 1995 -184 9,035 247,344 15.5 641.0 57.5
Contribution environmental problem 1996 75 14,976 256,293 18.9 587.0 52.3
Contribution environmental problem 1997 221 21,955 251,456 20.2 416.2 49.2
Contribution environmental problem 1998 349 40,893 253,812 16.0 288.1 48.0
Contribution environmental problem 1999 389 36,264 244,078 17.1 231.1 47.4
Contribution environmental problem 2000 193 24,211 243,526 15.4 216.1 47.7
Contribution environmental problem 2001 152 23,144 244,644 15.0 244.4 46.1
Contribution environmental problem 2002 138 16,172 243,793 14.7 218.7 45.5
Contribution environmental problem 2003 383 26,020 244,694 14.4 184.4 43.5
Contribution environmental problem 2004 203 18,623 247,166 14.7 178.9 42.7
Contribution environmental problem 2005 182 17,595 243,070 14.5 173.7 42.3
Contribution environmental problem 2006 103 16,548 238,449 14.4 170.2 42.0
Contribution environmental problem 2007 167 19,928 239,177 13.4 161.4 40.9
Contribution environmental problem 2008 78 15,591 238,896 11.6 154.6 39.0
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table presents an overview of environmental and economic key figures
that illustrate the contribution to environmental issues (greenhouse
effect, acidification, etc.), environmental expenditure (costs, taxes,
etc.) and the economic position (value added, labour input, etc.) of
sectors of industry. All figures are taken from existing (Dutch) StatLine
publications. The indicators presented can be used for analysis and to
support environmental-economic government policy.

Data available from: 1995
Frequency: cancelled by november 21, 2011.

Status of the figures:
Figures in this publication are updated yearly according to the updates of
the StatLine source publications.

Changes compared with previous version:
n/a

When will new figures be published?
This table has been replaced by a table based on the new industry classification (SBI 2008).

href="http://statline.cbs.nl/StatWeb/table.asp?PA=81409eng"
>Environmental and economic keyfigures


Description topics

Environment: pollution
Environmental pollution as a result of human activities.
Solid waste production
Waste types are categorised according to the European Regulation on Waste
Statistics. Waste with commercial value (waste products) and without
commercial value (waste residuals) for the producer are taken into
account.
Heavy metals to water
A group of metals with a high atomic weight. Highly toxic metals are
arsenic, cadmium, chromium, copper, mercury, nickel, lead and zinc. The
emissions of arsenic, cadmium, chromium, copper, mercury, nickel, lead and
zinc can be converted into heavy-metal equivalents and subsequently be
added up. The conversion to heavy-metal equivalents takes into account the
harmfulness of the substances for the environment (VROM, 1993:
Environmental policy performance indicators, A. Adriaanse). The individual
substances have the following corresponding weights in the equivalent:
Zinc: 1/30
Lead: 1/25
Chromium: 1/25
Arsenic: 1/10
Copper: 1/3
Cadmium: 5
Mercury: 100/3
Nutrients to water
Nutrients that are necessary for the growth of plants and crops (e.g.
phosphorus and nitrogen). A too high concentration of phosphorus and/or
nitrogen is bad for the quality of surface water. The emissions of
phosphorus and nitrogen are converted into nutrient equivalents and
subsequently added up. The conversion takes into account the harmfulness
of the substances for the environment. Phosphorus has a larger weight in
the equivalent than nitrogen (factor 10).
Climate change (greenhouse gases)
Greenhouse gases in the atmosphere retain part of the solar heat that
reaches the earth. The increased concentration of greenhouse gases means
more warmth is retained and the temperature of the earth's surface rises.
This is called the "enhanced greenhouse effect". The most important
greenhouse gases are carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), laughing gas
(N2O), HFCs, PFCs and SF6.
The total impact of the various greenhouse emissions can be expressed in
CO2-equivalents. One CO2-equivalent is equal to the emission of one
kilogram of carbon dioxide (CO2). The emission of one kg of methane equals
21 CO2-equivalents and the emission of one kg of laughing gas equals 310
CO2-equivalents. Fluor (chlorine) hydrocarbon gases each have a high
CO2-equivalent, but as the total emissions of these gases is low, their
contribution to the total greenhouse gas emissions is small.
Acidification
Process which causes the acidification of soil and water as a result of
the emission of polluting substances like NOx, SO2, NH3 and VOS (volatile
organic substances) into the air and their consequent penetration into
water and soil. Acidifying substances are included under the environmental
theme "large-scale air pollution". The contribution of acidifying
substances can be expressed in acidification equivalents. One
acidification equivalent is equal to one mole H+. The emission of one kg
NOx is equal to 0.0217 acidification equivalents, the emission of one 1 kg
SO2 is equal to 0.0313 acidification equivalents, and the emission of one
1 kg NH3 is equal to 0.0588 acidification equivalents.
Ozone layer depletion
Depletion of the ozone layer as a result of emissions of CFCs and halones
to air, converted to CFC12 equivalents. The conversion factors are based
on the extent to which the different CFCs and halones affect the ozone
layer.
Fine dust
Includes only the emission of PM10. PM10 are particles smaller than 10
micrometres, that can penetrate deep into the lungs and are thus harmful
to humans.
Environment financial
Expenditures and revenues related to care for the environment.
Revenues environmental fees and -taxes
Total revenues from environmental levies and environmental taxes.
Environmental levies are imposed by the government to finance specific
environmental measures. Environmental taxes are taxes intended to reduce
human activities that harm the environment. The revenues from
environmental taxes go into the general government revenue and are not
used to finance specific environmental policies. Examples of environmental
taxes are excise on motor fuels, road tax, the tax on cars and motorcycles
and energy tax.
Not included are revenues from taxes of non-residents in the Netherlands
and Dutch residents abroad.
Environmental expenditure
Total of environmental expenditure for own activities. This consists of
estimated capital costs (interest and depreciation), current costs en
other costs.
Environmental investment
Environmental investment is additional investment as a result of measures
to protect, restore or improve the environment. Data are collected for
investment that became operational in the year of reporting. Until 1998
only non-profitable investments were taken into account. From 1999 onwards
part of profitable investment is also taken into account. Investment that
is profitable within the space of three years is excluded. Two types of
investments are distinguished: end-of-pipe investment and
process-integrated investment. End-of-pipe investment is investment that
does not affect processes or installations. In general it reduces harmful
emissions of residuals that occur at industrial plants. The total amount
of this investment is taken into account. For process-integrated
environmental investment, only the extra expenditure compared with the
cheaper (and more environmentally harmful) alternative is taken into
account.