Investment climate; innovation international comparison 1990-2008

Investment climate; innovation international comparison 1990-2008

Sectors of industry Countries and regions Periods Innovative enterprises (% of enterprises) Employment in high-tech sectors Medium and high-tech manufacturing (% of total working population) Employment in high-tech sectors High tech services sector (% of total working population) Innovative enterprises with co-operation Total (% of innovative enterprises) Innovative enterprises with co-operation With universities (% of innovative enterprises)
Total sectors of industry Australia 2008 . . . . .
Total sectors of industry Austria 2008 42.9 . . . .
Total sectors of industry Belgium 2008 47.9 . . . .
Total sectors of industry Canada 2008 . . . . .
Total sectors of industry Czech Republic 2008 39.3 . . . .
Total sectors of industry Denmark 2008 42.5 . . . .
Total sectors of industry Finland 2008 46.7 . . . .
Total sectors of industry France 2008 35.1 . . . .
Total sectors of industry Germany 2008 63.8 . . . .
Total sectors of industry Hungary 2008 20.8 . . . .
Total sectors of industry Ireland 2008 44.9 . . . .
Total sectors of industry Italy 2008 40.1 . . . .
Total sectors of industry Japan 2008 . . . . .
Total sectors of industry The Netherlands 2008 35.0 . . . .
Total sectors of industry Poland 2008 19.8 . . . .
Total sectors of industry South Korea 2008 . . . . .
Total sectors of industry Spain 2008 31.9 . . . .
Total sectors of industry Sweden 2008 44.7 . . . .
Total sectors of industry United Kingdom 2008 . . . . .
Total sectors of industry United States 2008 . . . . .
Total sectors of industry EU-15 2008 . . . . .
Total sectors of industry EU-25 2008 . . . . .
Total sectors of industry EU-27 2008 . . . . .
Total sectors of industry OECD 2008 . . . . .
Total sectors of industry Groningen (PV) 2008 . . . . .
Total sectors of industry Friesland (PV) 2008 . . . . .
Total sectors of industry Drenthe (PV) 2008 . . . . .
Total sectors of industry Overijssel (PV) 2008 . . . . .
Total sectors of industry Flevoland (PV) 2008 . . . . .
Total sectors of industry Gelderland 2008 . . . . .
Total sectors of industry Utrecht (PV) 2008 . . . . .
Total sectors of industry Noord-Holland (PV) 2008 . . . . .
Total sectors of industry Zuid-Holland (PV) 2008 . . . . .
Total sectors of industry Zeeland (PV) 2008 . . . . .
Total sectors of industry Noord-Brabant (PV) 2008 . . . . .
Total sectors of industry Limburg (PV) 2008 . . . . .
Manufacturing Australia 2008 . . . . .
Manufacturing Austria 2008 . . . . .
Manufacturing Belgium 2008 . . . . .
Manufacturing Canada 2008 . . . . .
Manufacturing Czech Republic 2008 . . . . .
Manufacturing Denmark 2008 . . . . .
Manufacturing Finland 2008 . . . . .
Manufacturing France 2008 . . . . .
Manufacturing Germany 2008 . . . . .
Manufacturing Hungary 2008 . . . . .
Manufacturing Ireland 2008 . . . . .
Manufacturing Italy 2008 . . . . .
Manufacturing Japan 2008 . . . . .
Manufacturing The Netherlands 2008 . . . . .
Manufacturing Poland 2008 . . . . .
Manufacturing South Korea 2008 . . . . .
Manufacturing Spain 2008 . . . . .
Manufacturing Sweden 2008 . . . . .
Manufacturing United Kingdom 2008 . . . . .
Manufacturing United States 2008 . . . . .
Manufacturing EU-15 2008 . . . . .
Manufacturing EU-25 2008 . . . . .
Manufacturing EU-27 2008 . . . . .
Manufacturing OECD 2008 . . . . .
Manufacturing Groningen (PV) 2008 . . . . .
Manufacturing Friesland (PV) 2008 . . . . .
Manufacturing Drenthe (PV) 2008 . . . . .
Manufacturing Overijssel (PV) 2008 . . . . .
Manufacturing Flevoland (PV) 2008 . . . . .
Manufacturing Gelderland 2008 . . . . .
Manufacturing Utrecht (PV) 2008 . . . . .
Manufacturing Noord-Holland (PV) 2008 . . . . .
Manufacturing Zuid-Holland (PV) 2008 . . . . .
Manufacturing Zeeland (PV) 2008 . . . . .
Manufacturing Noord-Brabant (PV) 2008 . . . . .
Manufacturing Limburg (PV) 2008 . . . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing Australia 2008 . . . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing Austria 2008 . . . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing Belgium 2008 . . . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing Canada 2008 . . . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing Czech Republic 2008 . . . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing Denmark 2008 . . . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing Finland 2008 . . . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing France 2008 . . . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing Germany 2008 . . . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing Hungary 2008 . . . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing Ireland 2008 . . . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing Italy 2008 . . . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing Japan 2008 . . . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing The Netherlands 2008 . . . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing Poland 2008 . . . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing South Korea 2008 . . . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing Spain 2008 . . . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing Sweden 2008 . . . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing United Kingdom 2008 . . . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing United States 2008 . . . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing EU-15 2008 . . . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing EU-25 2008 . . . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing EU-27 2008 . . . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing OECD 2008 . . . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing Groningen (PV) 2008 . . . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing Friesland (PV) 2008 . . . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing Drenthe (PV) 2008 . . . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing Overijssel (PV) 2008 . . . . .
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table provides an international overview of indicators for innovation. It emphasises figures on innovative enterprises. Besides, the table shows patent applications and turnover of new or significantly improved products. Finally, data on types of non-technological innovation are presented. High scores on the mentioned indicators for innovative entrepreneurship indicate a good investment climate.

Note:
Comparable definitions are used to compare the figures presented internationally. The definitions sometimes differ from definitions used by Statistics Netherlands. The figures in this table could differ from Dutch figures presented elsewhere on the website of Statistics Netherlands.

Data available from: 1990 up to 2008.

Status of the figures:
The external sources of these data frequently supply adjusted figures on preceding periods. These adjusted data are not mentioned as such in the table.

Changes as of 1 March 2018:
This table has been discontinued.

When will new figures be published?
No longer applicable.

Description topics

Innovative enterprises
Successful innovative companies with product and/or process innovations in
the last three years. These are companies which introduce new or
considerably improved products (goods) or services for the market, or
implement new or considerably improved processes. Innovations are based
on the results of new technological developments, new combinations of
existing technology, or using other knowledge.
Figures are available for the manufacturing sector (NACE D) and for the
service sector, here defined as NACE sectors I (transport, storage and
communication) and J (financial intermediation) and NACE branches 51
(wholesale trade and commission trade, except of motor vehicles and
motorcycles, 72 (computer and related activities), 74.2 (architectural
and engineering activities and related technical consultancy) and 74.3
(technical testing and analysis). NACE stands for Nomenclature
statistique des activités économiques dans la Communauté Européenne.
Only companies with 10 or more employees. Exception: the figures for
manufacturing in 1996 and 1998 were based on companies with at least 20
employees.
Total sectors of industry in 2006 are the NACE sectors/branches (Rev 1.1):
C, D, E, G51, I, J, K72, K74,2 and K74,3.
Total sectors of industry in 2008 are the NACE sectors/branches (Rev 2):
B, C, D, E, G46, H, J58, J61, J62, J63, K and M71.
Sources: Eurostat, Community Innovation Surveys (various surveys);
Statistics Netherlands.
Employment in high-tech sectors
Employment in the knowledge-intensive high-tech services sector, and
employment in medium and high-tech manufacturing.
Source: Eurostat, Science and Technology Indicators.
Medium and high-tech manufacturing
Medium and high-tech manufacturing industry includes:
- pharmaceutical and medical industry;
- industry for office equipment and computers;
- industry for radio, TV and other means of communication;
- industry for medical, precision and optical instruments;
- aerospace industry;
- chemical industry;
- machinery and equipment industry;
- industry for motor vehicles and other means of transport (excluding
building and repairing ships).
Source: Eurostat, Science and Technology Indicators.
High tech services sector
The knowledge-intensive high-tech services sector includes the
NACE-sectors:
- post and telecommunication (64);
- computer and related activities (72);
- research and development (73).
NACE stands for Nomenclature statistique des activités économiques dans
la Communauté Européenne.
Source: Eurostat, Science and Technology Indicators.
Innovative enterprises with co-operation
Technologically innovative companies in manufacturing and services, which
co-operated with other companies and institutions in the field of
innovation over the last three years. Figures are available for the
manufacturing sector (NACE D) and for the
service sector, here defined as NACE sectors I (transport, storage and
communication) and J (financial intermediation) and NACE branches 51
(wholesale trade and commission trade, except of motor vehicles and
motorcycles, 72 (computer and related activities), 74.2 (architectural
and engineering activities and related technical consultancy) and 74.3
(technical testing and analysis). NACE stands for Nomenclature
statistique des activités économiques dans la Communauté Européenne.
Only companies with 10 or more employees. Exception: the figures for
manufacturing in 1996 and 1998 were based on companies with at least 20
employees.
Sources: Eurostat, Community Innovation Surveys (various surveys);
Statistics Netherlands.
Total
With universities
It concerns companies which have co-operated in the field of innovation
within a three-year period with universities or other higher education
institutes.
Sources: Eurostat, Community Innovation Survey (various surveys);
Statistics Netherlands.