Arable crops; production, to region

Arable crops; production, to region

Arable crops Regions Periods Area under cultivation (ha) Harvested area (ha) Gross yield per ha (1 000 kg) Gross yield, total (1 000 kg)
Wheat (total) Nederland 2021* 119,383 118,139 8.2 970,501
Wheat (total) Noord-Nederland (LD) 2021* 35,646 35,630 8.0 283,615
Wheat (total) Oost-Nederland (LD) 2021* 18,764 18,601 8.2 152,617
Wheat (total) West-Nederland (LD) 2021* 47,439 47,089 8.5 398,425
Wheat (total) Zuid-Nederland (LD) 2021* 17,535 16,820 8.1 135,843
Wheat (total) Groningen (PV) 2021* 27,208 27,194 8.0 218,223
Wheat (total) Fryslân (PV) 2021* 4,979 4,976 8.1 40,368
Wheat (total) Drenthe (PV) 2021* 3,459 3,459 7.2 25,024
Wheat (total) Overijssel (PV) 2021* 1,602 1,525 6.9 10,614
Wheat (total) Flevoland (PV) 2021* 11,822 11,787 8.6 101,386
Wheat (total) Gelderland (PV) 2021* 5,339 5,290 7.7 40,618
Wheat (total) Utrecht (PV) 2021* 299 296 6.3 1,879
Wheat (total) Noord-Holland (PV) 2021* 7,522 7,454 8.1 60,266
Wheat (total) Zuid-Holland (PV) 2021* 11,451 11,444 8.7 99,657
Wheat (total) Zeeland (PV) 2021* 28,167 27,895 8.5 236,622
Wheat (total) Noord-Brabant (PV) 2021* 10,984 10,704 8.2 87,651
Wheat (total) Limburg (PV) 2021* 6,551 6,116 7.9 48,192
Wheat, winter Nederland 2021* 106,783 105,969 8.4 889,405
Wheat, winter Noord-Nederland (LD) 2021* 31,118 31,111 8.2 254,260
Wheat, winter Oost-Nederland (LD) 2021* 16,624 16,547 8.4 139,265
Wheat, winter West-Nederland (LD) 2021* 42,890 42,850 8.6 368,166
Wheat, winter Zuid-Nederland (LD) 2021* 16,152 15,461 8.3 127,714
Wheat, winter Groningen (PV) 2021* 25,101 25,097 8.1 204,295
Wheat, winter Fryslân (PV) 2021* 4,106 4,103 8.5 34,903
Wheat, winter Drenthe (PV) 2021* 1,911 1,911 7.9 15,061
Wheat, winter Overijssel (PV) 2021* 934 931 7.4 6,922
Wheat, winter Flevoland (PV) 2021* 10,887 10,852 8.7 94,881
Wheat, winter Gelderland (PV) 2021* 4,803 4,765 7.9 37,462
Wheat, winter Utrecht (PV) 2021* 238 238 6.1 1,462
Wheat, winter Noord-Holland (PV) 2021* 6,182 6,163 8.4 52,005
Wheat, winter Zuid-Holland (PV) 2021* 10,199 10,192 8.8 89,625
Wheat, winter Zeeland (PV) 2021* 26,271 26,256 8.6 225,074
Wheat, winter Noord-Brabant (PV) 2021* 9,913 9,640 8.4 80,888
Wheat, winter Limburg (PV) 2021* 6,239 5,821 8.0 46,826
Wheat, spring Nederland 2021* 12,600 12,171 6.7 81,096
Wheat, spring Noord-Nederland (LD) 2021* 4,528 4,519 6.5 29,356
Wheat, spring Oost-Nederland (LD) 2021* 2,140 2,054 6.5 13,352
Wheat, spring West-Nederland (LD) 2021* 4,549 4,239 7.1 30,259
Wheat, spring Zuid-Nederland (LD) 2021* 1,383 1,359 6.0 8,130
Wheat, spring Groningen (PV) 2021* 2,106 2,098 6.6 13,928
Wheat, spring Fryslân (PV) 2021* 873 873 6.3 5,465
Wheat, spring Drenthe (PV) 2021* 1,548 1,548 6.4 9,963
Wheat, spring Overijssel (PV) 2021* 669 594 6.2 3,692
Wheat, spring Flevoland (PV) 2021* 935 935 7.0 6,504
Wheat, spring Gelderland (PV) 2021* 536 525 6.0 3,156
Wheat, spring Utrecht (PV) 2021* 60 58 7.2 417
Wheat, spring Noord-Holland (PV) 2021* 1,341 1,291 6.4 8,261
Wheat, spring Zuid-Holland (PV) 2021* 1,252 1,252 8.0 10,032
Wheat, spring Zeeland (PV) 2021* 1,896 1,638 7.0 11,548
Wheat, spring Noord-Brabant (PV) 2021* 1,071 1,064 6.4 6,763
Wheat, spring Limburg (PV) 2021* 312 296 4.6 1,366
Barley, winter Nederland 2021* 9,771 9,632 8.0 76,619
Barley, winter Noord-Nederland (LD) 2021* 2,900 2,898 8.1 23,602
Barley, winter Oost-Nederland (LD) 2021* 1,859 1,859 7.9 14,636
Barley, winter West-Nederland (LD) 2021* 2,160 2,138 8.5 18,145
Barley, winter Zuid-Nederland (LD) 2021* 2,852 2,737 7.4 20,236
Barley, winter Groningen (PV) 2021* 1,973 1,972 8.3 16,388
Barley, winter Fryslân (PV) 2021* 420 420 8.3 3,484
Barley, winter Drenthe (PV) 2021* 506 506 7.4 3,730
Barley, winter Overijssel (PV) 2021* 294 294 6.1 1,779
Barley, winter Flevoland (PV) 2021* 834 834 8.9 7,387
Barley, winter Gelderland (PV) 2021* 732 731 7.5 5,470
Barley, winter Utrecht (PV) 2021* 36 35 8.3 296
Barley, winter Noord-Holland (PV) 2021* 397 375 6.3 2,354
Barley, winter Zuid-Holland (PV) 2021* 322 322 9.4 3,046
Barley, winter Zeeland (PV) 2021* 1,405 1,405 8.9 12,450
Barley, winter Noord-Brabant (PV) 2021* 1,105 1,086 7.0 7,639
Barley, winter Limburg (PV) 2021* 1,747 1,652 7.6 12,597
Barley, spring Nederland 2021* 20,307 20,041 6.2 124,603
Barley, spring Noord-Nederland (LD) 2021* 12,585 12,518 6.2 77,844
Barley, spring Oost-Nederland (LD) 2021* 3,286 3,170 6.1 19,307
Barley, spring West-Nederland (LD) 2021* 2,243 2,231 6.7 14,872
Barley, spring Zuid-Nederland (LD) 2021* 2,193 2,122 5.9 12,581
Barley, spring Groningen (PV) 2021* 5,345 5,316 6.2 32,995
Barley, spring Fryslân (PV) 2021* 808 808 5.9 4,794
Barley, spring Drenthe (PV) 2021* 6,431 6,394 6.3 40,055
Barley, spring Overijssel (PV) 2021* 1,059 1,001 5.8 5,756
Barley, spring Flevoland (PV) 2021* 1,094 1,070 7.2 7,723
Barley, spring Gelderland (PV) 2021* 1,133 1,100 5.3 5,827
Barley, spring Utrecht (PV) 2021* 112 111 6.7 747
Barley, spring Noord-Holland (PV) 2021* 860 852 6.3 5,398
Barley, spring Zuid-Holland (PV) 2021* 284 281 6.9 1,945
Barley, spring Zeeland (PV) 2021* 987 986 6.9 6,782
Barley, spring Noord-Brabant (PV) 2021* 940 889 6.1 5,376
Barley, spring Limburg (PV) 2021* 1,253 1,233 5.8 7,205
Rye Nederland 2021* 2,204 2,128 3.8 8,185
Rye Noord-Nederland (LD) 2021* 531 521 3.2 1,650
Rye Oost-Nederland (LD) 2021* 757 713 2.9 2,090
Rye West-Nederland (LD) 2021* 346 336 3.1 1,048
Rye Zuid-Nederland (LD) 2021* 570 558 6.1 3,397
Rye Groningen (PV) 2021* 138 129 2.9 368
Rye Fryslân (PV) 2021* 33 32 3.0 96
Rye Drenthe (PV) 2021* 361 361 3.3 1,186
Rye Overijssel (PV) 2021* 407 371 2.7 988
Rye Flevoland (PV) 2021* 23 22 3.0 65
Rye Gelderland (PV) 2021* 327 321 3.2 1,037
Rye Utrecht (PV) 2021* 227 220 3.1 687
Rye Noord-Holland (PV) 2021* 85 83 3.1 258
Rye Zuid-Holland (PV) 2021* 8 8 3.1 26
Rye Zeeland (PV) 2021* 25 25 3.1 77
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table provides information per crop about the cultivated and harvested area, yield per hectare and the total yield in a crop year. The data are available for the Netherlands as a whole and by province.

Applying crop rotation helps a farmer to avoid deterioration in soil fertility.
A cultivation plan is prepared annually, to make sure that the same crop is not cultivated in the same place year after year.
Usually, one third of the arable land is covered with cereals (mainly winter wheat and spring barley), a quarter is covered with potatoes, one eighth is covered with sugar beet, and one tenth is used for vegetables(mainly onions) as well as a green fodder crop (mainly green maize).

To obtain the figure for the yield, first a preliminary harvest estimate is made. This takes place from August to October.

The estimate is made definite from December to March.

The yields per hectare are rounded off to the nearest 100 kilograms. The total yields are rounded off to the nearest 1000 kilograms.

Data available from: 1994.

Status of the figures:
The figures up to 2020 are definite. The figures of 2021 are provisional.

Changes as of 23 September 2022:
The breakdown into yellow and red seed onions has been added to the table under the total seed onions.

When will new figures be published?
The preliminary harvest estimate figures for cereals are published at the end of September and for all crops in late October of the harvest year. The final harvest estimate figures are published in January and are updated in March of the following year. These figures can be changed until the end of September.

Description topics

Area under cultivation
Area of cultivated land in use for growing crops.
Harvested area
At the preliminary harvest estimates this area is in principle equal to
the area under cultivation. However based on information from experts on
expected crop failure it is possible to make an estimate of the area that
probably will not be harvested. When this is the case the harvested area
is smaller than the cultivated area.
Definite figures are based on already harvested areas and areas expected
to be harvested later on. This is the area on which production
has taken place effectively. Due to circumstances (for example flooding)
this (surface) area can be smaller than the original (surface) area used
for cultivation.
Gross yield per ha
In determining the yield per hectare (the average yield figure) only the
hectares which are effectively harvested or will be harvested are
counted. Hectares of which the harvest is lost (for example due to
flooding) are not counted.
The yields of grain corn and corn cob mix have been calculated in the
situation in which these harvested crops contain a humidity of 35 percent.
Green maize is calculated at a moisture content of 65 percent.
In the preliminary estimate the yield of cereals (wheat, barley, oats, rye
and triticale) are defined as the gross weight of the harvested grains.
The definite estimate is the weight in the situation where each grain
would contain 16 percent moisture.
Explanation:
Cereal with 16 percent moisture (or less) is so dry that it can be
stored without problems. More moisture would mean that the grain first has
to be dried, before it can be stored. Drying the crop costs money, the
companies therefore prefer harvesting by 16 percent moisture content.
But this does not always work; in reality, the grain contains more water.
However, in order to get a good estimate of the actual 'dry' yield
all individual statements of the yields per hectare (from which the actual
moisture content is known) are recalculated to the situation with 16
percent moisture.
Gross yield, total
The total yield (total gross production) includes the whole area which
has been harvested or still will be harvested. The total yield also
includes the part of production that for some reason is unsuitable for
its original purpose. This only applies if the crop can still be used for
other purposes (for example, potatoes which can only be used for animal
feed). This is the reason why the gross yield does not equal the
commercial production.
The yields of grain corn and corn cob mix have been calculated as the
harvested crops contain 35 percent moisture. Green maize is calculated at
a moisture content of 65 percent.
In the preliminary estimate, the yield of cereals (wheat, barley, oats,
rye and triticale) is defined as the gross weight of the harvested grains.
The definite estimate is the weight in the situation where each grain
contains 16 percent moisture.
Explanation:
Cereal with 16 percent moisture (or less) is so dry that it can be
stored without problems. More moisture would mean that the grain first has
to be dried, before it can be stored. Drying the crop costs money, the
companies therefore prefer harvesting by 16 percent moisture content.
But this does not always work; in reality, the grain contains more water.
However, in order to get a good estimate of the actual 'dry' yield
all individual statements of the yields per hectare (from which the actual
moisture content is known) are recalculated to the situation with 16
percent moisture.