Arable crops; production, to region

Arable crops; production, to region

Arable crops Regions Periods Area under cultivation (ha) Harvested area (ha) Gross yield per ha (1 000 kg) Gross yield, total (1 000 kg)
Wheat (total) Groningen (PV) 2021* 27,207
Wheat, winter Groningen (PV) 2021* 25,102
Wheat, spring Groningen (PV) 2021* 2,105
Barley, winter Groningen (PV) 2021* 1,973
Barley, spring Groningen (PV) 2021* 5,342
Rye Groningen (PV) 2021* 138
Oats Groningen (PV) 2021* 292
Triticale Groningen (PV) 2021* 25
Grain maize Groningen (PV) 2021* 145
Green maize Groningen (PV) 2021* 7,365
Maize, corn cob mix Groningen (PV) 2021* 83
Kidney beans Groningen (PV) 2021* 8
Turnip rape (total) Groningen (PV) 2021* 590
Fibre flax Groningen (PV) 2021* .
Linseed Groningen (PV) 2021* .
Chicory Groningen (PV) 2021* 265
Hemp Groningen (PV) 2021* 1,223
Potatoes (total) Groningen (PV) 2021* 26,705
Ware potatoes (total) Groningen (PV) 2021* 1,788
Ware potatoes on clay soil Groningen (PV) 2021* .
Ware potatoes on sandy or peat soil Groningen (PV) 2021* .
Seed potatoes (total) Groningen (PV) 2021* 9,472
Seed potatoes on clay soil Groningen (PV) 2021* .
Seed potatoes on sandy or peat soil Groningen (PV) 2021* .
Starch potatoes Groningen (PV) 2021* 15,444
Sugar beet Groningen (PV) 2021* 13,349
Seed onions Groningen (PV) 2021* 3,199
Seed onions (exc. loss) Groningen (PV) 2021* .
Onion sets (2nd year) Groningen (PV) 2021* 48
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table provides information per crop about the cultivated and harvested area, yield per hectare and the total yield in a crop year. The data are available for the Netherlands as a whole and by province.

Applying crop rotation helps a farmer to avoid deterioration in soil fertility.
A cultivation plan is prepared annually, to make sure that the same crop is not cultivated in the same place year after year.
Usually, one third of the arable land is covered with cereals (mainly winter wheat and spring barley), a quarter is covered with potatoes, one eighth is covered with sugar beet, and one tenth is used for vegetables(mainly onions) as well as a green fodder crop (mainly green maize).

To obtain the figure for the yield, first a preliminary harvest estimate is made. This takes place from August to October.

The estimate is made definite from December to March.

The yields per hectare are rounded off to the nearest 100 kilograms. The total yields are rounded off to the nearest 1000 kilograms.

Data available from: 1994.

Status of the figures:
The figures of 2021 are provisional. The figures up to 2020 are definite.

Changes as of 29 October 2021:
The provisional figures of the harvested areas of 2021 for fibre flax and linseed have been added to the table. The provisional figures of the gross yield per hectare and of the total gross yield of 2021 for grain maize, corn cob mix, green maize, fibre flax, linseed, hemp, chicory, kidney beans, the potatoes total, ware potatoes, sugar beet, seed onions and onion sets have been added to the table.

When will new figures be published?
The preliminary harvest estimate figures for cereals are published at the end of September and for all crops in late October of the harvest year. The final harvest estimate figures are published in January and are updated in March of the following year. These figures can be changed until the end of September.

Description topics

Area under cultivation
Area of cultivated land in use for growing crops.
Harvested area
At the preliminary harvest estimates this area is in principle equal to
the area under cultivation. However based on information from experts on
expected crop failure it is possible to make an estimate of the area that
probably will not be harvested. When this is the case the harvested area
is smaller than the cultivated area.
Definite figures are based on already harvested areas and areas expected
to be harvested later on. This is the area on which production
has taken place effectively. Due to circumstances (for example flooding)
this (surface) area can be smaller than the original (surface) area used
for cultivation.
Gross yield per ha
In determining the yield per hectare (the average yield figure) only the
hectares which are effectively harvested or will be harvested are
counted. Hectares of which the harvest is lost (for example due to
flooding) are not counted.
The yields of grain corn and corn cob mix have been calculated in the
situation in which these harvested crops contain a humidity of 35 percent.
Green maize is calculated at a moisture content of 65 percent.
In the preliminary estimate the yield of cereals (wheat, barley, oats, rye
and triticale) are defined as the gross weight of the harvested grains.
The definite estimate is the weight in the situation where each grain
would contain 16 percent moisture.
Explanation:
Cereal with 16 percent moisture (or less) is so dry that it can be
stored without problems. More moisture would mean that the grain first has
to be dried, before it can be stored. Drying the crop costs money, the
companies therefore prefer harvesting by 16 percent moisture content.
But this does not always work; in reality, the grain contains more water.
However, in order to get a good estimate of the actual 'dry' yield
all individual statements of the yields per hectare (from which the actual
moisture content is known) are recalculated to the situation with 16
percent moisture.
Gross yield, total
The total yield (total gross production) includes the whole area which
has been harvested or still will be harvested. The total yield also
includes the part of production that for some reason is unsuitable for
its original purpose. This only applies if the crop can still be used for
other purposes (for example, potatoes which can only be used for animal
feed). This is the reason why the gross yield does not equal the
commercial production.
The yields of grain corn and corn cob mix have been calculated as the
harvested crops contain 35 percent moisture. Green maize is calculated at
a moisture content of 65 percent.
In the preliminary estimate, the yield of cereals (wheat, barley, oats,
rye and triticale) is defined as the gross weight of the harvested grains.
The definite estimate is the weight in the situation where each grain
contains 16 percent moisture.
Explanation:
Cereal with 16 percent moisture (or less) is so dry that it can be
stored without problems. More moisture would mean that the grain first has
to be dried, before it can be stored. Drying the crop costs money, the
companies therefore prefer harvesting by 16 percent moisture content.
But this does not always work; in reality, the grain contains more water.
However, in order to get a good estimate of the actual 'dry' yield
all individual statements of the yields per hectare (from which the actual
moisture content is known) are recalculated to the situation with 16
percent moisture.