Arable crops; production, to region

Arable crops; production, to region

Arable crops Regions Periods Area under cultivation (ha) Harvested area (ha) Gross yield per ha (1 000 kg) Gross yield, total (1 000 kg)
Wheat (total) Nederland 2021* 119,416 8.6 1,024,454
Wheat (total) Noord-Nederland (LD) 2021* 35,645
Wheat (total) Oost-Nederland (LD) 2021* 18,769
Wheat (total) West-Nederland (LD) 2021* 47,459
Wheat (total) Zuid-Nederland (LD) 2021* 17,544
Wheat (total) Groningen (PV) 2021* 27,207
Wheat (total) Fryslân (PV) 2021* 4,979
Wheat (total) Drenthe (PV) 2021* 3,459
Wheat (total) Overijssel (PV) 2021* 1,557
Wheat (total) Flevoland (PV) 2021* 11,879
Wheat (total) Gelderland (PV) 2021* 5,333
Wheat (total) Utrecht (PV) 2021* 299
Wheat (total) Noord-Holland (PV) 2021* 7,562
Wheat (total) Zuid-Holland (PV) 2021* 11,470
Wheat (total) Zeeland (PV) 2021* 28,129
Wheat (total) Noord-Brabant (PV) 2021* 10,982
Wheat (total) Limburg (PV) 2021* 6,561
Wheat, winter Nederland 2021* 106,819 8.7 934,416
Wheat, winter Noord-Nederland (LD) 2021* 31,119
Wheat, winter Oost-Nederland (LD) 2021* 16,629
Wheat, winter West-Nederland (LD) 2021* 42,910
Wheat, winter Zuid-Nederland (LD) 2021* 16,162
Wheat, winter Groningen (PV) 2021* 25,102
Wheat, winter Fryslân (PV) 2021* 4,106
Wheat, winter Drenthe (PV) 2021* 1,911
Wheat, winter Overijssel (PV) 2021* 888
Wheat, winter Flevoland (PV) 2021* 10,944
Wheat, winter Gelderland (PV) 2021* 4,797
Wheat, winter Utrecht (PV) 2021* 238
Wheat, winter Noord-Holland (PV) 2021* 6,216
Wheat, winter Zuid-Holland (PV) 2021* 10,218
Wheat, winter Zeeland (PV) 2021* 26,238
Wheat, winter Noord-Brabant (PV) 2021* 9,913
Wheat, winter Limburg (PV) 2021* 6,250
Wheat, spring Nederland 2021* 12,597 7.1 90,038
Wheat, spring Noord-Nederland (LD) 2021* 4,527
Wheat, spring Oost-Nederland (LD) 2021* 2,140
Wheat, spring West-Nederland (LD) 2021* 4,549
Wheat, spring Zuid-Nederland (LD) 2021* 1,381
Wheat, spring Groningen (PV) 2021* 2,105
Wheat, spring Fryslân (PV) 2021* 873
Wheat, spring Drenthe (PV) 2021* 1,548
Wheat, spring Overijssel (PV) 2021* 669
Wheat, spring Flevoland (PV) 2021* 935
Wheat, spring Gelderland (PV) 2021* 536
Wheat, spring Utrecht (PV) 2021* 60
Wheat, spring Noord-Holland (PV) 2021* 1,346
Wheat, spring Zuid-Holland (PV) 2021* 1,252
Wheat, spring Zeeland (PV) 2021* 1,891
Wheat, spring Noord-Brabant (PV) 2021* 1,069
Wheat, spring Limburg (PV) 2021* 312
Barley, winter Nederland 2021* 9,775 8.5 82,657
Barley, winter Noord-Nederland (LD) 2021* 2,900
Barley, winter Oost-Nederland (LD) 2021* 1,863
Barley, winter West-Nederland (LD) 2021* 2,160
Barley, winter Zuid-Nederland (LD) 2021* 2,852
Barley, winter Groningen (PV) 2021* 1,973
Barley, winter Fryslân (PV) 2021* 420
Barley, winter Drenthe (PV) 2021* 506
Barley, winter Overijssel (PV) 2021* 291
Barley, winter Flevoland (PV) 2021* 841
Barley, winter Gelderland (PV) 2021* 731
Barley, winter Utrecht (PV) 2021* 36
Barley, winter Noord-Holland (PV) 2021* 399
Barley, winter Zuid-Holland (PV) 2021* 322
Barley, winter Zeeland (PV) 2021* 1,403
Barley, winter Noord-Brabant (PV) 2021* 1,105
Barley, winter Limburg (PV) 2021* 1,747
Barley, spring Nederland 2021* 20,303 6.4 129,374
Barley, spring Noord-Nederland (LD) 2021* 12,581
Barley, spring Oost-Nederland (LD) 2021* 3,284
Barley, spring West-Nederland (LD) 2021* 2,247
Barley, spring Zuid-Nederland (LD) 2021* 2,191
Barley, spring Groningen (PV) 2021* 5,342
Barley, spring Fryslân (PV) 2021* 808
Barley, spring Drenthe (PV) 2021* 6,431
Barley, spring Overijssel (PV) 2021* 1,059
Barley, spring Flevoland (PV) 2021* 1,094
Barley, spring Gelderland (PV) 2021* 1,131
Barley, spring Utrecht (PV) 2021* 112
Barley, spring Noord-Holland (PV) 2021* 863
Barley, spring Zuid-Holland (PV) 2021* 284
Barley, spring Zeeland (PV) 2021* 987
Barley, spring Noord-Brabant (PV) 2021* 938
Barley, spring Limburg (PV) 2021* 1,253
Rye Nederland 2021* 2,203 3.5 7,710
Rye Noord-Nederland (LD) 2021* 531
Rye Oost-Nederland (LD) 2021* 757
Rye West-Nederland (LD) 2021* 346
Rye Zuid-Nederland (LD) 2021* 570
Rye Groningen (PV) 2021* 138
Rye Fryslân (PV) 2021* 33
Rye Drenthe (PV) 2021* 361
Rye Overijssel (PV) 2021* 407
Rye Flevoland (PV) 2021* 24
Rye Gelderland (PV) 2021* 325
Rye Utrecht (PV) 2021* 227
Rye Noord-Holland (PV) 2021* 85
Rye Zuid-Holland (PV) 2021* 8
Rye Zeeland (PV) 2021* 25
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table provides information per crop about the cultivated and harvested area, yield per hectare and the total yield in a crop year. The data are available for the Netherlands as a whole and by province.

Applying crop rotation helps a farmer to avoid deterioration in soil fertility.
A cultivation plan is prepared annually, to make sure that the same crop is not cultivated in the same place year after year.
Usually, one third of the arable land is covered with cereals (mainly winter wheat and spring barley), a quarter is covered with potatoes, one eighth is covered with sugar beet, and one tenth is used for vegetables(mainly onions) as well as a green fodder crop (mainly green maize).

To obtain the figure for the yield, first a preliminary harvest estimate is made. This takes place from August to October.

The estimate is made definite from December to March.

The yields per hectare are rounded off to the nearest 100 kilograms. The total yields are rounded off to the nearest 1000 kilograms.

Data available from: 1994.

Status of the figures:
The figures of 2021 are provisional. The figures up to 2020 are definite.

Changes as of 29 October 2021:
The provisional figures of the harvested areas of 2021 for fibre flax and linseed have been added to the table. The provisional figures of the gross yield per hectare and of the total gross yield of 2021 for grain maize, corn cob mix, green maize, fibre flax, linseed, hemp, chicory, kidney beans, the potatoes total, ware potatoes, sugar beet, seed onions and onion sets have been added to the table.

When will new figures be published?
The preliminary harvest estimate figures for cereals are published at the end of September and for all crops in late October of the harvest year. The final harvest estimate figures are published in January and are updated in March of the following year. These figures can be changed until the end of September.

Description topics

Area under cultivation
Area of cultivated land in use for growing crops.
Harvested area
At the preliminary harvest estimates this area is in principle equal to
the area under cultivation. However based on information from experts on
expected crop failure it is possible to make an estimate of the area that
probably will not be harvested. When this is the case the harvested area
is smaller than the cultivated area.
Definite figures are based on already harvested areas and areas expected
to be harvested later on. This is the area on which production
has taken place effectively. Due to circumstances (for example flooding)
this (surface) area can be smaller than the original (surface) area used
for cultivation.
Gross yield per ha
In determining the yield per hectare (the average yield figure) only the
hectares which are effectively harvested or will be harvested are
counted. Hectares of which the harvest is lost (for example due to
flooding) are not counted.
The yields of grain corn and corn cob mix have been calculated in the
situation in which these harvested crops contain a humidity of 35 percent.
Green maize is calculated at a moisture content of 65 percent.
In the preliminary estimate the yield of cereals (wheat, barley, oats, rye
and triticale) are defined as the gross weight of the harvested grains.
The definite estimate is the weight in the situation where each grain
would contain 16 percent moisture.
Explanation:
Cereal with 16 percent moisture (or less) is so dry that it can be
stored without problems. More moisture would mean that the grain first has
to be dried, before it can be stored. Drying the crop costs money, the
companies therefore prefer harvesting by 16 percent moisture content.
But this does not always work; in reality, the grain contains more water.
However, in order to get a good estimate of the actual 'dry' yield
all individual statements of the yields per hectare (from which the actual
moisture content is known) are recalculated to the situation with 16
percent moisture.
Gross yield, total
The total yield (total gross production) includes the whole area which
has been harvested or still will be harvested. The total yield also
includes the part of production that for some reason is unsuitable for
its original purpose. This only applies if the crop can still be used for
other purposes (for example, potatoes which can only be used for animal
feed). This is the reason why the gross yield does not equal the
commercial production.
The yields of grain corn and corn cob mix have been calculated as the
harvested crops contain 35 percent moisture. Green maize is calculated at
a moisture content of 65 percent.
In the preliminary estimate, the yield of cereals (wheat, barley, oats,
rye and triticale) is defined as the gross weight of the harvested grains.
The definite estimate is the weight in the situation where each grain
contains 16 percent moisture.
Explanation:
Cereal with 16 percent moisture (or less) is so dry that it can be
stored without problems. More moisture would mean that the grain first has
to be dried, before it can be stored. Drying the crop costs money, the
companies therefore prefer harvesting by 16 percent moisture content.
But this does not always work; in reality, the grain contains more water.
However, in order to get a good estimate of the actual 'dry' yield
all individual statements of the yields per hectare (from which the actual
moisture content is known) are recalculated to the situation with 16
percent moisture.