|Sources||Periods||CO2 (million kgs)||SO2 (million kgs)||NOx (million kgs)||PM10 (million kgs)|
|Air transport||2020 *||370||0.1||1.9||0.01|
This table contains figures on the emissions in the Netherlands by stationary and mobile sources. These are actual emissions in or above the Netherlands and its continental shelf (see paragraph 2).
The calculation of emissions by stationary sources is among other data sources based on specifications in the annual emission reports of separate enterprises and additional estimates based on production and energy data provided by Statistics Netherlands. According to the activity classification (SIC 2008) the coke factory of Tata Steel belongs to the
energy sector. In this table it’s emissions are assigned to the category manufacture of iron and steel.
Emissions by mobile sources are calculated by multiplying data on activities, for instance vehicle kilometres and fuel consumption, by emission factors.
Data available from: 1990
Status of the figures:
All figures up to and including reporting year 2019 are final. The figures for 2020 are provisional. In order to obtain a consistent time series the complete data set is (re)calculated when necessary, so as to be able to include the latest insights in the survey, especially in the case of emission factors.
Changes as of 5 October 2021:
Addition of provisional figures for 2020.
Changes as of 2 July 2021:
Due to a technical error, the figures for Agriculture (stationary and mobile sources) in this table were not displayed correctly. This has been fixed in this version.
Changes as of 12 March 2021:
The previously published CO2 data for 2019 has been corrected. The CO2 emissions from energy supply were 400 million kg too high. This is a reduction of 0,9% in the energy supply and a reduction of 0,23% of the total CO2 emissions on Dutch territory.
Changes as of 16 February 2021:
-Provisional figures of 2019 have been replaced by the defintive figures.
-A part of the emissions have been calculated based on the Dutch Energy Balance Sheet. The figures for 2018 and 2019 have been adjusted and the figures for 2015-2017 have been revised. Therefore the emissions have changed for those years.
-The CO2 emission figures have been adjusted due to the non-energetic use of natural gas. The emission have been calculated according to the new guidelines since 1990.
-The methane and particulate matter emissions of households have been changed for all years by the use of new emission factors due to ambience heating.
-The N2O, NH3 and NMVOC emissions from agriculture have been changed due to the use of a new model. Herein is the allocation of manure over grassland and industry land changed. Also, the emission factors for ammoniac from low emission stables have been adjusted. The emissions for the whole 1990-2019 period have been adjusted.
-The emissions of refrigeration units in heavy vehicles have been taken into account in de road transport emissions.
-The CO2 emission figures for road transport are an underestimation (max 10 percent). The actual size is not yet determined. At the next update of this table the figures will be corrected.
-The N2O emission figures for road transport are not consistent over time. New emission factors have been used for 2018 and 2019, which have not been fitted to other years yet. At the next update of this table the figures will be corrected.
When will new figures be published?
Final figures for 2020 will be published in March 2022.
- Carbon dioxide.
CO2 is formed by the combustion of carbon in fuels. Greenhouse gas (causes the temperature of the earth's atmosphere to rise gradually).
- Sulphur dioxide (SO2 and SO3, calculated as SO2).
SO2 is formed by the combustion of sulphur in fuels. Causes acidification.
- Nitrogen oxides (NOx = NO and NO2, calculated as NO2).
Causes acidification and generates smog.
- Particulate matter (PM10 = particulates with diameter smaller than 10 micrometres).
Among other causes PM10 is formed during the combustion of diesel fuel, various industrial processes, and wear processes like the wear of tyres, brake linings, road surface, and railway overhead contact lines. Detrimental to health, penetrates deeply into the lungs.