Macroeconomics

Below you will find a number of macroeconomic indicators of the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. In the graphs, the month or quarter of the referendum is marked. At the bottom of the page you will find references to datasets and relevant external sources.  

Graph 1: Gross Domestic Product
Graph 2: Consumer prices
Graph 3: Unemployment rate
Graph 4: Index of hourly labour costs
Graph 5: Employee and self-employed in the Netherlands
Graph 6: Employee and self-employed in the United Kingdom

Gross domestic product (volume, seasonally adjusted) (index, 2010=100)
 The NetherlandsUnited Kingdom
2010 Q199.299
2010 Q299.699.9
2010 Q3100100.5
2010 Q4101.2100.6
2011 Q1101.8101.3
2011 Q2101.7101.5
2011 Q3101.7101.8
2011 Q4101101.9
2012 Q1100.9102.6
2012 Q2100.9102.5
2012 Q3100.5103.8
2012 Q499.7103.5
2013 Q1100.1104.2
2013 Q299.9104.8
2013 Q3100.5105.7
2013 Q4101.1106.2
2014 Q1101107.1
2014 Q2101.6108
2014 Q3101.9108.7
2014 Q4102.8109.5
2015 Q1103.4110
2015 Q2103.7110.6
2015 Q3104.1111.1
2015 Q4104.1111.9
2016 Q1105.1112.2
2016 Q2105.4112.4
2016 Q3106.4112.9
2016 Q4107.2113.8
2017 Q1107.8114.2
2017 Q2108.9114.5
2017 Q3109.5114.9
2017 Q4110.5115.3
2018 Q1111.2115.6
2018 Q2111.9116
Source: CBS, Eurostat

Consumer prices (HICP) (year-on-year % change)
 The NetherlandsUnited Kingdom
2012 January2.93.6
2012 February2.93.4
2012 March2.93.5
2012 April2.83
2012 May2.52.8
2012 June2.52.4
2012 July2.62.6
2012 August2.62.5
2012 September2.52.2
2012 October3.32.7
2012 November3.22.7
2012 December3.42.7
2013 January3.22.7
2013 February3.22.8
2013 March3.22.8
2013 April2.82.4
2013 May3.12.7
2013 June3.22.9
2013 July3.12.8
2013 August2.82.7
2013 September2.42.7
2013 October1.32.2
2013 November1.22.1
2013 December1.42
2014 January0.81.9
2014 February0.41.7
2014 March0.11.6
2014 April0.61.8
2014 May0.11.5
2014 June0.31.9
2014 July0.31.6
2014 August0.41.5
2014 September0.31.2
2014 October0.41.3
2014 November0.31
2014 December-0.10.5
2015 January-0.70.3
2015 February-0.50
2015 March-0.30
2015 April0-0.1
2015 May0.70.1
2015 June0.50
2015 July0.80.1
2015 August0.40
2015 September0.3-0.1
2015 October0.4-0.1
2015 November0.40.1
2015 December0.50.2
2016 January0.20.3
2016 February0.30.3
2016 March0.50.5
2016 April-0.20.3
2016 May-0.20.3
2016 June-0.20.5
2016 July-0.60.6
2016 August0.10.6
2016 September-0.11
2016 October0.30.9
2016 November0.41.2
2016 December0.71.6
2017 January1.61.8
2017 February1.72.3
2017 March0.62.3
2017 April1.42.7
2017 May0.72.9
2017 June12.6
2017 July1.52.6
2017 August1.52.9
2017 September1.43
2017 October1.33
2017 November1.53.1
2017 December1.23
2018 January1.53
2018 February1.32.7
2018 March12.5
2018 April12.4
2018 May1.92.4
2018 June1.7

Unemployment rate (%)
 The NetherlandsUnited Kingdom
2010 January5.17.9
2010 February5.18
2010 March5.17.9
2010 April57.9
2010 May57.8
2010 June57.7
2010 July57.7
2010 August57.6
2010 September57.7
2010 October4.97.8
2010 November4.97.8
2010 December57.9
2011 January4.97.8
2011 February4.97.7
2011 March4.87.7
2011 April4.77.8
2011 May4.87.9
2011 June4.78
2011 July4.98.1
2011 August4.98.3
2011 September5.18.3
2011 October5.28.4
2011 November5.48.4
2011 December5.48.3
2012 January5.58.3
2012 February5.58.2
2012 March5.58.2
2012 April5.78
2012 May5.77.9
2012 June5.77.9
2012 July5.97.8
2012 August5.87.8
2012 September67.8
2012 October6.17.8
2012 November6.27.8
2012 December6.47.8
2013 January6.67.9
2013 February6.87.8
2013 March6.97.7
2013 April77.8
2013 May7.17.8
2013 June7.37.7
2013 July7.57.7
2013 August7.57.6
2013 September7.67.3
2013 October7.67.1
2013 November7.67.2
2013 December7.77.1
2014 January7.86.9
2014 February7.96.7
2014 March7.86.6
2014 April7.76.4
2014 May7.66.2
2014 June7.46.1
2014 July7.36
2014 August7.26
2014 September7.15.9
2014 October7.15.8
2014 November7.15.6
2014 December7.25.6
2015 January7.25.5
2015 February7.15.5
2015 March75.4
2015 April75.6
2015 May6.95.6
2015 June6.95.5
2015 July6.85.4
2015 August6.85.3
2015 September6.85.2
2015 October6.95
2015 November6.75
2015 December6.65
2016 January6.55
2016 February6.55
2016 March6.44.9
2016 April6.44.9
2016 May6.34.9
2016 June6.14.9
2016 July64.9
2016 August5.84.8
2016 September5.74.8
2016 October5.64.7
2016 November5.64.7
2016 December5.44.6
2017 January5.34.6
2017 February5.34.5
2017 March5.14.5
2017 April5.14.4
2017 May5.14.4
2017 June4.94.3
2017 July4.84.3
2017 August4.74.2
2017 September4.74.2
2017 October4.54.2
2017 November4.44.3
2017 December4.44.2
2018 January4.24.2
2018 February4.14.2
2018 March3.94.1
2018 April3.94.1
2018 May3.9
2018 June3.9
Source: CBS, Eurostat

Index of hourly labour costs (2012=100)
 The NetherlandsUnited Kingdom
2012 Q198.699.5
2012 Q299.7100.1
2012 Q3100.3100.2
2012 Q4101.5100.1
2013 Q1102.1100.6
2013 Q2101.2101
2013 Q3102.7100.6
2013 Q4101.3100.9
2014 Q1102.3101.6
2014 Q2103.1101.4
2014 Q3102.8101.7
2014 Q4104.5103.1
2015 Q1102.6104.9
2015 Q2103.3104.9
2015 Q3104.8106.2
2015 Q4103.9106
2016 Q1104.9107.2
2016 Q2104.6108.3
2016 Q3105.1107.8
2016 Q4105.1108.5
2017 Q1105.9108.3
2017 Q2106.5110.1
2017 Q3106.4111.3
2017 Q4107.7112.7
2018 Q1108.3113.3
Source: CBS, Eurostat

Employee and self-employed jobs in the Netherlands (million)
 Jobs
2010 Q19.764
2010 Q29.818
2010 Q39.83
2010 Q49.849
2011 Q19.905
2011 Q29.954
2011 Q39.963
2011 Q49.955
2012 Q19.957
2012 Q29.941
2012 Q39.907
2012 Q49.865
2013 Q19.814
2013 Q29.795
2013 Q39.786
2013 Q49.775
2014 Q19.76
2014 Q29.778
2014 Q39.798
2014 Q49.825
2015 Q19.861
2015 Q29.893
2015 Q39.92
2015 Q49.943
2016 Q19.939
2016 Q29.973
2016 Q310.013
2016 Q410.072
2017 Q110.129
2017 Q210.18
2017 Q310.236
2017 Q410.308
2018 Q110.384

Employee and self-employed jobs in the UK
 Jobs
2010 Q129.013
2010 Q229.192
2010 Q329.385
2010 Q429.324
2011 Q129.441
2011 Q229.447
2011 Q329.277
2011 Q429.34
2012 Q129.46
2012 Q229.663
2012 Q329.759
2012 Q429.906
2013 Q129.842
2013 Q229.94
2013 Q330.107
2013 Q430.29
2014 Q130.537
2014 Q230.709
2014 Q330.832
2014 Q430.942
2015 Q131.164
2015 Q231.118
2015 Q331.324
2015 Q431.528
2016 Q131.566
2016 Q231.735
2016 Q331.779
2016 Q431.826
2017 Q131.947
2017 Q232.073
2017 Q332.059
2017 Q432.147
2018 Q132.344