Macroeconomics

Below you will find a number of macroeconomic indicators of the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. In the graphs, the month or quarter of the referendum is marked. At the bottom of the page you will find references to datasets and relevant external sources.

Gross Domestic Product (volume, seasonally adjusted)
GDP Chain linked volumes, index 2010=100  The Netherlands (index, 2010=100)United Kingdom (index, 2010=100)
2010Q199.299.0
2010Q299.699.9
2010Q3100.0100.5
2010Q4101.2100.6
2011Q1101.8101.4
2011Q2101.7101.5
2011Q3101.7101.8
2011Q4101.1101.9
2012Q1100.8102.6
2012Q2100.9102.6
2012Q3100.5103.8
2012Q499.8103.5
2013Q1100.1104.2
2013Q299.9104.8
2013Q3100.5105.7
2013Q4101.1106.2
2014Q1101.0107.1
2014Q2101.6108.0
2014Q3101.9108.7
2014Q4102.8109.5
2015Q1103.4110.0
2015Q2103.7110.6
2015Q3104.1111.1
2015Q4104.1111.9
2016Q1105.1112.2
2016Q2105.3112.4
2016Q3106.5113.0
2016Q4107.4113.8
2017Q1108.0114.3
2017Q2108.9114.6
2017Q3109.7115.2
2017Q4110.5115.6
2018Q1111.2115.7
2018Q2112.0116.2
2018Q3112.2117.0
2018Q4112.8117.2
2019Q1113.3117.8
2019Q2113.8117.6
Source: CBS, Eurostat

Consumer prices (HICP)
YearMonthThe Netherlands (year-on-year % change)United Kingdom (year-on-year % change)
2012January2.93.6
2012February2.93.4
2012March2.93.5
2012April2.83.0
2012May2.52.8
2012June2.52.4
2012July2.62.6
2012August2.62.5
2012September2.52.2
2012October3.32.7
2012November3.22.7
2012December3.42.7
2013January3.22.7
2013February3.22.8
2013March3.22.8
2013April2.82.4
2013May3.12.7
2013June3.22.9
2013July3.12.8
2013August2.82.7
2013September2.42.7
2013October1.32.2
2013November1.22.1
2013December1.42.0
2014January0.81.9
2014February0.41.7
2014March0.11.6
2014April0.61.8
2014May0.11.5
2014June0.31.9
2014July0.31.6
2014August0.41.5
2014September0.31.2
2014October0.41.3
2014November0.31.0
2014December-0.10.5
2015January-0.70.3
2015February-0.50.0
2015March-0.30.0
2015April0.0-0.1
2015May0.70.1
2015June0.50.0
2015July0.80.1
2015August0.40.0
2015September0.3-0.1
2015October0.4-0.1
2015November0.40.1
2015December0.50.2
2016January0.20.3
2016February0.30.3
2016March0.50.5
2016April-0.20.3
2016May-0.20.3
2016June-0.20.5
2016July-0.60.6
2016August0.10.6
2016September-0.11.0
2016October0.30.9
2016November0.41.2
2016December0.71.6
2017January1.61.8
2017February1.72.3
2017March0.62.3
2017April1.42.7
2017May0.72.9
2017June1.02.6
2017July1.52.6
2017August1.52.9
2017September1.43.0
2017October1.33.0
2017November1.53.1
2017December1.23.0
2018January1.53.0
2018February1.32.7
2018March1.02.5
2018April1.02.4
2018May1.92.4
2018June1.72.4
2018July1.92.5
2018August1.92.7
2018September1.62.4
2018October1.92.4
2018November1.82.3
2018December1.82.1
2019January2.01.8
2019February2.61.9
2019March2.91.9
2019April3.02.1
2019May2.32.0
2019June2.72.0
2019July2.62.1
2019August3.11.7
2019September2.71.7
2019October2.81.5
2019November2.61.5
2019December2.81.3

Unemployment rate
YearMonthThe Netherlands (%)United Kingdom (%)
2010January5.17.9
2010February5.18.0
2010March5.18.0
2010April5.07.9
2010May5.07.8
2010June5.07.7
2010July5.07.6
2010August5.07.6
2010September5.07.7
2010October4.97.8
2010November4.97.8
2010December5.07.9
2011January4.97.8
2011February4.97.7
2011March4.87.7
2011April4.77.8
2011May4.88.0
2011June4.78.0
2011July4.98.1
2011August4.98.2
2011September5.18.3
2011October5.28.4
2011November5.48.4
2011December5.48.3
2012January5.58.2
2012February5.58.2
2012March5.58.2
2012April5.78.0
2012May5.77.9
2012June5.77.9
2012July5.97.8
2012August5.87.7
2012September6.07.7
2012October6.17.8
2012November6.27.8
2012December6.47.8
2013January6.67.9
2013February6.87.8
2013March6.97.7
2013April7.07.8
2013May7.17.8
2013June7.37.7
2013July7.57.7
2013August7.57.6
2013September7.67.3
2013October7.67.1
2013November7.67.2
2013December7.77.1
2014January7.86.8
2014February7.96.7
2014March7.86.6
2014April7.76.4
2014May7.66.3
2014June7.46.1
2014July7.36.0
2014August7.25.9
2014September7.15.9
2014October7.15.8
2014November7.15.6
2014December7.25.6
2015January7.25.5
2015February7.15.5
2015March7.05.4
2015April7.05.6
2015May6.95.6
2015June6.95.5
2015July6.85.4
2015August6.85.3
2015September6.85.2
2015October6.95.0
2015November6.75.0
2015December6.65.0
2016January6.55.0
2016February6.55.0
2016March6.44.9
2016April6.44.9
2016May6.34.9
2016June6.14.9
2016July6.04.9
2016August5.84.7
2016September5.74.8
2016October5.64.7
2016November5.64.6
2016December5.44.6
2017January5.34.6
2017February5.34.5
2017March5.14.5
2017April5.14.4
2017May5.14.4
2017June4.94.3
2017July4.84.3
2017August4.74.2
2017September4.74.2
2017October4.54.2
2017November4.44.3
2017December4.44.2
2018January4.24.2
2018February4.14.2
2018March3.94.2
2018April3.94.0
2018May3.93.9
2018June3.94.0
2018July3.84.0
2018August3.94.0
2018September3.74.0
2018October3.73.9
2018November3.53.9
2018December3.63.8
2019January3.63.8
2019February3.43.7
2019March3.33.7
2019April3.33.7
2019May3.33.8
2019June3.43.8
2019July3.43.8
2019August3.53.8
2019September3.53.7
2019October3.53.8
2019November3.5
2019December3.2
Source: CBS, Eurostat

Hourly labour cost
YearQuarterThe Netherlands (index, 2016=100)United Kingdom (index, 2016=100)
2012Q194.092.4
2012Q295.093.0
2012Q395.793.1
2012Q496.893.0
2013Q196.993.4
2013Q296.493.8
2013Q397.693.5
2013Q496.493.7
2014Q197.194.3
2014Q299.894.2
2014Q397.694.4
2014Q499.495.6
2015Q198.097.2
2015Q299.097.3
2015Q399.198.5
2015Q498.698.2
2016Q199.699.2
2016Q299.3100.3
2016Q3101.0100.1
2016Q4100.1100.3
2017Q1100.3100.5
2017Q2101.0102.4
2017Q3101.2103.7
2017Q4102.5104.4
2018Q1102.9105.3
2018Q2102.8105.2
2018Q3103.6105.7
2018Q4104.7108.0
2019Q1105.2107.5
2019Q2105.5109.0
2019Q3106.3109.7
Source: CBS, Eurostat

Jobs of employees and self-employed in the Netherlands
YearQuarterJobs (million)
2010Q19.727
2010Q29.785
2010Q39.797
2010Q49.817
2011Q19.871
2011Q29.917
2011Q39.928
2011Q49.925
2012Q19.921
2012Q29.905
2012Q39.874
2012Q49.835
2013Q19.783
2013Q29.761
2013Q39.751
2013Q49.740
2014Q19.728
2014Q29.744
2014Q39.765
2014Q49.794
2015Q19.833
2015Q29.866
2015Q39.900
2015Q49.940
2016Q19.955
2016Q210.010
2016Q310.053
2016Q410.099
2017*Q110.153
2017*Q210.210
2017*Q310.281
2017*Q410.352
2018*Q110.423
2018*Q210.481
2018*Q310.536
2018*Q410.585
2019*Q110.633
2019*Q210.675

Jobs of employees and self-employed in United Kingdom
YearQuarterJobs (x million)
2010Q129.013
2010Q229.192
2010Q329.385
2010Q429.324
2011Q129.441
2011Q229.447
2011Q329.281
2011Q429.342
2012Q129.454
2012Q229.667
2012Q329.759
2012Q429.908
2013Q129.839
2013Q229.938
2013Q330.106
2013Q430.290
2014Q130.532
2014Q230.705
2014Q330.833
2014Q430.944
2015Q131.156
2015Q231.110
2015Q331.333
2015Q431.540
2016Q131.572
2016Q231.747
2016Q331.810
2016Q431.845
2017Q131.946
2017Q232.065
2017Q332.063
2017Q432.154
2018Q132.343
2018Q232.386
2018Q332.431
2018Q432.597
2019Q132.697
2019Q232.811

Sources