In this article, forced redundancy includes: redundancy on the initiative of employers or redundancy as a result of bankruptcy. The following reasons for ending an employment contract are not included:
- legal dismissal (e.g. because a temporary employment contract has come to an end, or an employee has reached retirement age);
- dismissal during an employee’s probationary period;
- resignation by the employee.
Dismissal with immediate effect is also not included, as there are no figures for this. Dismissal with immediate effect is applied for example when an employee has committed fraud, has been drunk at work, has abused colleagues or stolen at work. Employers do not need to go through the court to dismiss an employee with immediate effect, but if the employee wishes to contest the decision he/she can do so by serving the employer with a summons.